From the Editor's Desk …

Several studies have demonstrated a decrease in liver-related events (LREs) in patients with cirrhosis who have achieved a sustained virological response (SVR) after direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy. However, good predictors to identify patients who remain at high risk of LREs have not been identified yet. Thus, the study by Pons et  al. describes the incidence of LREs in 572 patients with compensated advanced chronic liver disease who achieved SVR after DAA therapy. The most frequent LRE was hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which occurred in 25 patients (4.4%) at an incidence rate of 1.5/100 patient-year.
Source: Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: From the Editor's Desk Source Type: research

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Purpose of review This review will describe the natural history of alcohol-related liver disease (ArLD) in light of recent data that have synthesized existing knowledge on this topic and described new research cohorts to improve our understanding of progression and outcomes in ArLD. Recent findings ArLD occurs after a threshold of alcohol consumption, but this threshold is lowered by the presence of comorbid factors of which obesity is the most common. The most common stage of ArLD is alcohol-related steatosis: this is associated with a low rate of progression to cirrhosis (3%/year) and nonliver-related morbidity is m...
Source: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: LIVER: Edited by Don C. Rockey Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: PALBI score on admission is a good prognostic indicator for patients with acute variceal bleeding and predicts early mortality and rebleeding. PMID: 32231763 [PubMed]
Source: World Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: World J Hepatol Source Type: research
Abstract Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) amplifies the risk of various liver diseases, ranging from simple steatosis to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, fibrosis and cirrhosis, and ultimately hepatocellular carcinoma. Accumulating evidence suggests the involvement of aberrant microRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) in the activation of cellular stress, inflammation and fibrogenesis in hepatic cells at different stages of NAFLD and liver fibrosis. Here, we explored the potential role of miR-130b-5p in the pathogenesis of NAFLD, including lipid accumulation and insulin resistance as well as the underlying mechanism. Initi...
Source: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Physiology Authors: Tags: Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
This study aims to investigate the effect of periodontal treatment for liver damage,P. gingivalis infection, and endotoxemia on patients with NAFLD.MethodsWe will include adult patients (20 –85 years old) with NAFLD, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≥ 40 IU/L, and equivalent steatosis grade ≥ 1 (target sample size,n = 40 patients; planned number of patients with outcome data,n = 32). Participants will be randomly assigned to one of two groups: a scaling and root-planing group or tooth-brushing as the usual group. The primary outcome will be the change...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Abstract In spite of a decrease in the prevalence and incidence seen in recent years, chronic hepatitis B (CHB) still remains a major healthcare challenge, prevalent mostly in developing but also in developed regions. CHB is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, secondary to the complications of disease progression; cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Historically, antiviral treatment has been restricted to patients with active hepatitis, established liver disease, fibrosis or cirrhosis and/or the risk of HCC development. As a result, patients with hepatitis B 'e' antigen (HBeAg) positive ...
Source: Antiviral Research - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Antiviral Res Source Type: research
amvis Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infects the liver resulting in end stage liver disease, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Despite an effective vaccine, HBV poses a serious health problem globally, accounting for 257 million chronic carriers. Unique features of HBV, including its narrow virus–host range and its hepatocyte tropism, have led to major challenges in the development of suitable in vivo and in vitro model systems to recapitulate the HBV replication cycle and to test various antiviral strategies. Moreover, HBV is classified into at least nine genotypes and 35 sub-genotypes with distinct geograph...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
In this study, we established a new genetically engineered mouse model with Bccip deficiency. Mosaic or heterozygous Bccip deletion conferred an increased risk of spontaneous liver tumorigenesis and B-cell lymphoma development at old age. These abnormalities are accompanied with chronic inflammation, histology of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, keratin and ubiquitin aggregates within cytoplasmic Mallory-Denk bodies, and changes of the intra-cellular distribution of high mobility group box 1 protein. Our study suggests BCCIP dysregulation as a risk factor for HCC, and it offers a novel mouse model for future investigations of...
Source: The American Journal of Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Am J Pathol Source Type: research
In this study, we established a new genetically engineered mouse model with Bccip deficiency.
Source: American Journal of Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research
Abstract Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most frequent liver disease and associated with a wide spectrum of hepatic disorders ranging from nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). NASH is projected to become the most common indication for liver transplantation, and the annual incidence rate of NASH-related HCC is 5.29 cases per 1000 person-years. Owing to the epidemics of NAFLD and the unclear mechanism of NAFLD progression, it is important to elucidate the underlying NAFLD mechanisms in detail. NASH is mainly caused by t...
Source: Gene - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Gene Source Type: research
AbstractA complex relationship exists between thyroid and liver in health and disease. Liver plays an essential physiological role in thyroid hormone activation and inactivation, transport, and metabolism. Conversely, thyroid hormones affect activities of hepatocytes and hepatic metabolism. Serum liver enzyme abnormalities observed in hypothyroidism may be related to impaired lipid metabolism, hepatic steatosis or hypothyroidism-induced myopathy. Severe hypothyroidism may have biochemical and clinical features, such as hyperammonemia and ascites, mimicking those of liver failure. Liver function tests are frequently abnorma...
Source: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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