Emergent measles-containing vaccination recommendation for aged 6-11  months and detection of vaccine-associated measles during a large measles outbreak in Okinawa, Japan, in 2018.

Emergent measles-containing vaccination recommendation for aged 6-11 months and detection of vaccine-associated measles during a large measles outbreak in Okinawa, Japan, in 2018. Vaccine. 2020 Feb 06;: Authors: Kuba Y, Kyan H, Iha Y, Kato T, Oyama M, Miyahira M, Kakita T, Takara T, Yamauchi M, Kamiya H, Sunagawa T, Kawakami Y, Nidaira M, Kudaka J, Yamakawa M, Itokazu T, Itokazu K Abstract Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, experienced a large measles outbreak from March to May 2018. During this outbreak, there were 99 laboratory-confirmed cases and 14 vaccine-associated measles cases. In addition to the reinforcement of routine immunization, Okinawa prefectural government introduced emergent measles-containing vaccination recommendations for infants aged 6-11 months as part of the outbreak response. Increased concern exists in Okinawa about measles in infants following a previous outbreak from 1998 to 2001, when nine children including four infants died. Of 8062 infants aged 6-11 months who received measles-containing vaccine (MCV), six developed vaccine-associated measles; incidence was 0.74 per 1000 doses (95%CI 0.27-1.62). This was similar to that of first dose routine immunization recipients at one year of age (IR 0.60, 95%CI 0.20-1.78). Among 14 vaccine-associated measles cases, throat swab samples showed the highest positive rate (92.9%) by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), followed by urine (25.0%) and wh...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research

Related Links:

Eleanor Sills (Florida State University), Measles, Chickenpox, and Other Preventable Diseases: Why Stricter Vaccine Exemptions Are a Must-Proposed Legislation For Stricter Vaccine Exemption Standards, 47 FL. ST. U. LAW REV. 3 (2020, FORTHCOMING): The outbreak of measles in 2019 was...
Source: HealthLawProf Blog - Category: Medical Law Authors: Source Type: blogs
The COVID-19 pandemic has had a worldwide effect for what seems like an eternity. After shelter-in-place orders became more prevalent in March,  most people probably didn’t think they’d still be wearing masks in October. So the question remains, when will the pandemic end?  It turns out there are quite a few factors that contribute to the rise and fall of a pandemic, some within our control, some that are not. An outbreak becomes a pandemic when it meets two criteria, first, it spreads rapidly and widely, and second, it must qualify as a severe disease. If either of these factors change, it is no long...
Source: Conversations with Dr Greene - Category: Child Development Authors: Tags: Dr. Greene's Blog Coronavirus COVID COVID-19 COVID-19 Feature Source Type: blogs
Authors: Williams D, Dilcher M, Dong H, Lester B, Marshall K, Pink R, Smith D, Wong J Abstract Despite New Zealand's "measles elimination" status, the risk of measles outbreaks persists, due to ongoing measles importation and sub-optimal vaccination coverage, including specific sub-populations with higher proportions of susceptible people. From February to April 2019, Canterbury experienced a measles outbreak with 38 local cases and an unidentified index case. The outbreak strain was linked to a large outbreak in the Philippines. The whole-of-health-system response included active case and contact follow-...
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
Facebook Pages, the "Disneyland" Measles Outbreak, and Promotion of Vaccine Refusal as a Civil Right, 2009-2019. Am J Public Health. 2020 Oct;110(S3):S312-S318 Authors: Broniatowski DA, Jamison AM, Johnson NF, Velasquez N, Leahy R, Restrepo NJ, Dredze M, Quinn SC Abstract Objectives. To understand changes in how Facebook pages frame vaccine opposition.Methods. We categorized 204 Facebook pages expressing vaccine opposition, extracting public posts through November 20, 2019. We analyzed posts from October 2009 through October 2019 to examine if pages' content was coalescing.Results. Activity ...
Source: American Journal of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Am J Public Health Source Type: research
.
Source: Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
This article provides an expert opinion by Dr. Paul A. Offit a renowned and highly respected pediatric infectious disease physician, to consider non-vaccination of healthy children as a form of neglect.
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
We describe the clinical presentation and outcome of hospitalized patients during the outbreak.
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: 0633 Source Type: research
r U Abstract Measles outbreaks occur rather frequently in Germany. Patients with chronic inflammatory diseases are often treated with immunosuppressants. A recent study showed that about 7% of such patients are not protected against measles according to the lack of documentation in the vaccination card or the absence of protective antibodies. The Standing Committee on Immunization (STIKO) recommends a first vaccination against measles as a measles-mumps-rubella combined vaccination (MMR) in children aged 11-14 months and a second vaccination at 14-23 months. For adults born after 1970, vaccination against measles ...
Source: Zeitschrift fur Rheumatologie - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Z Rheumatol Source Type: research
History illustrates the remarkable public health impact of mass vaccination, by dramatically improving life expectancy and reducing the burden of infectious diseases and co-morbidities worldwide. It has been perceived that if an individual adhered to the MMR vaccine schedule that immunity to mumps virus (MuV) would be lifelong. Recent mumps outbreaks in individuals who had received two doses of the Measles Mumps Rubella (MMR) vaccine has challenged the efficacy of the MMR vaccine. However, clinical symptoms, complications, viral shedding and transmission associated with mumps infection has been shown to be reduced in vacci...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Purpose of review In the wake of multiple recent outbreaks of the measles and other vaccine-preventable diseases, it is crucial to understand and address parental concerns about vaccination. The purposes of this review are: to identify the causes of vaccine resistance, to elucidate the variables that have led to the success or failure of interventions to date, and to consider implications for pediatricians treating children whose parents are vaccination-resistant. Recent findings Recent research draws on insights from cognitive science to understand vaccine resistance and to develop more effective interventions. Studi...
Source: Current Opinion in Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Tags: OFFICE PEDIATRICS: Edited by Henry H. Bernstein Source Type: research
More News: Allergy & Immunology | Children | Government | International Medicine & Public Health | Japan Health | Laboratory Medicine | Measles | Measles Vaccine | Outbreaks | Vaccines