The association between paternal psychopathology and adolescent depression and anxiety: A systematic review

ConclusionsFurther longitudinal research is needed to clarify the association between paternal mental health disorders other than depression, and adolescent anxiety or depression. Mechanisms in this relationship should also be further explored, and could be informed by existing models on younger children.
Source: Journal of Adolescence - Category: Child Development Source Type: research

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Conclusions: ELS-induced visceral pain and visceral hypersensitivity are associated with the underfunction of SK2 channels in the spinal DH. PMID: 33029124 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Neural Plasticity - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neural Plast Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that interpersonal emotional regulation strategies impact the association of maternal emotional regulation strategies and maternal emotional wellbeing. PMID: 33012169 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: J Reprod Infant Psychol Source Type: research
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Anxiety and depression during pregnancy have been associated with an increased risk of adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes in offspring. We aimed to study the in utero effects of maternal anxiety and depression on early brain development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pregnant women were recruited at ~36 weeks of gestation for this prospective study. They were assessed for anxiety symptoms by the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and for depression symptoms by the Beck Depression Inventory, 2nd Edition. After delivery, infant underwent an MR imaging examination of the brain without sedation, including DTI, fo...
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: PEDIATRICS Source Type: research
laborators in Research) Anxiety and depression commonly co-occur during pregnancy and may increase risk of poor birth outcomes including preterm birth and low birth weight. Our understanding of rates, patterns, and predictors of comorbid anxiety and depression is hindered given the dearth of literature, particularly in low- and middle-income (LMI) countries. The aim of this study is (1) to explore the prevalence and patterns of comorbid antenatal anxiety and depressive symptoms in the mild-to-severe and moderate-to-severe categories among women in a LMI country like Pakistan and (2) to understand the risk factors for ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
ConclusionTransient 5-HT inhibition at adolescence may act, in females, as a protective factor for the emergence of anxiety disorders and problematic use of alcohol during adolescence.
Source: Psychopharmacology - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Della Vedova AM, Loscalzo Y, Giannini M, Matthey S Abstract BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are the most prevalent emotional difficulties in the perinatal period and there is agreement that early intervention is an important strategy to prevent long-lasting effects on mother and child. Literature has recently shown that the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) is able to measure not only depression but also anxiety. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the factorial structure of the EPDS in Italian-speaking new mothers. METHOD: 416 women attending vaccination services between 2 and 4 months pos...
Source: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: J Reprod Infant Psychol Source Type: research
D, Eszter B Abstract Preclinical studies suggest that stress-related disorders even prior gestation can cause long-term changes at the level of neurobehavioral adaptations. Therefore, it is critical to consider undergoing antidepressant therapy which could reverse the negative consequences in the offspring. Venlafaxine is widely used in clinical practice; however insufficient amount of well-controlled studies verified the safety of venlafaxine therapy during gestation and lactation. The aim of this work was to investigate the effects of perinatal venlafaxine therapy on selected neurobehavioral variables in mothers...
Source: Behavioural Brain Research - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Behav Brain Res Source Type: research
ConclusionsPersistent symptoms of depression or anxiety spanning adolescence and young adulthood predict poorer emotional bonding with infants 1-year postbirth for both mothers and fathers.
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Children of women who used cannabis while they knew they were pregnant may be at greater risk of symptoms of mental illness than children of women who did not use cannabis during pregnancy, according to areport inJAMA Psychiatry. For instance, youth who were exposed to cannabis in the womb were more likely to report more psychotic-like experiences, as well as problems with aggressive behavior, depression, and anxiety than those without such exposure.“[P]regnant women, and even those contemplating pregnancy, should be discouraged from using any cannabis by health care professionals, dispensaries, and others,” wr...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: ABCD study agression anxiety cannabis depression JAMA Psychiatry pregnancy psychotic-like experiences Source Type: research
Conclusions: More effort is needed to identify what fetal and maternal factors are associated with low birth weight and IBS. A well-executed prospective birth cohort with a collection of bio-samples and functional data will provide a better understanding of how adversity and the interplay between genetics, epigenetics, and numerous risk factors affect the development of IBS. PMID: 32989183 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: J Neurogastroenterol Motil Source Type: research
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