Gender differences across multiple types of prosocial behavior in adolescence: A meta-analysis of the prosocial tendency measure-revised (PTM-R)
ConclusionsAlthough males and females generally are more similar than different in their prosociality, it is important to consider the type of PB when examining gender differences. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - October 22, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

The influence of gratitude on learning engagement among adolescents: The multiple mediating effects of teachers' emotional support and students’ basic psychological needs
ConclusionsThese findings suggest that schools should pay more attention to improving teachers' emotional support to adolescents and meeting students’ basic psychological needs, which would enhance the positive impact of gratitude on learning engagement. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - October 10, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Scarcity or luxury: Which leads to adolescent greed? Evidence from a large-scale Chinese adolescent sample
ConclusionThe current study provides evidence supporting the luxury hypothesis over the scarcity hypothesis. In addition, adolescent dispositional greed increases with an increase in CSES when there is only one child in the family, while this is not the case for children with siblings. The theoretical and practical implications of the current study results as well as future research directions are discussed. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - October 10, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Trait anxiety and bystander motivation to defend victims of school bullying
ConclusionsFindings suggest that anti-bullying-programs should focus on how defender motivation is influenced by the way in which victim ingroup status is perceived and address the bystander's level of anxiety as this interacts with such perceptions. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - October 6, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Treatment of avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder for a teenager with typical development within the home setting
ConclusionThis brief, behaviour-analytic in-home treatment was effective in increasing food group variety consumption. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - October 6, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

On the potential harmful effects of E-Cigarettes (EC) on the developing brain: The relationship between vaping-induced oxidative stress and adolescent/young adults social maladjustment.
ConclusionsE-cigarettes use could potentially play a role in adolescent/young adults social maladjustments including poor learning and academic performance, increased aggressive and impulsive behavior, poor sleep quality, attention deficits, impaired memory, and cognition, and increased depression and suicidal ideation. The government, parents, school authorities and clinicians should be advised on these potentially harmful effects. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - September 29, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Brief report: Problematic social media use and sleep disturbances are longitudinally associated with depressive symptoms in adolescents
ConclusionsOur findings add strength to the evidence supporting longitudinal associations between problematic social media use and depressive symptoms and sleep disturbances and depressive symptoms in middle adolescence. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - September 27, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

The intersectionality of identity-based victimization in Adolescence:A person-centered examination of mental health and academic achievement in a U.S. high school
ConclusionsThe disproportionately of IBV, poor mental health, and lower academic achievement faced by LGBTQ youth and youth with intersecting stigmatized identities suggests that they may benefit from tailored and targeted treatments. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - September 18, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

The reciprocal relations between facebook relationship maintenance behaviors and adolescents’ closeness to friends
ConclusionBy revealing that receiving positive Facebook reactions mediates the reciprocal relationships between FRMB and adolescents' closeness to friends, we now better understand how FRMB can increase adolescents' closeness to friends and how increased closeness to friends can enhance adolescents’ FRMB. The discussion focuses on the understanding of these findings, directions for future research, and key limitations. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - September 10, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Children's cognitive appraisal moderates associations between psychologically controlling parenting and Children's depressive symptoms
ConclusionsOverall, our findings revealed the critical role of child cognitive appraisals in the effects of parenting practices on child outcomes and highlighted the importance of examining the meaning and function of different dimensions of psychological control within a specific cultural context. Important developmental differences in the role of these cognitive appraisals and the effects of specific parenting practices were also identified. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - September 7, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

A model of identity development: Life-course narratives of North Korean youth resettling in South Korea
This study aimed to build a model of identity development in an understudied cultural group of trauma-exposed youth who fled North Korea and resettled in South Korea.MethodsSixteen participants (75% female, Mage = 26.63 years, Mdefection age = 16.29 years, Mdefection duration = 5.72 years) produced life-course narratives, as guided by the life-lines they drew to depict their high and low points and future trajectories. The cross-sectional qualitative data were analyzed using thematic content analysis. Themes of identity, trauma, and turning points were derived and coded, and then organized sequentially to class...
Source: Journal of Adolescence - September 6, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

“How can we leave the traditions of our Baab Daada” socio-cultural structures and values driving menstrual hygiene management challenges in schools in Pakistan
ConclusionsTo be truly effective, current menstrual hygiene management strategies need to address the root causes of poor WASH infrastructure and ensure facility design is sensitive to the gendered and deeply embedded local socio-cultural values and beliefs around menstrual hygiene management. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - September 3, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

An examination of trauma narratives: Narrative rumination, self-reflection, and identity in young adulthood
Publication date: October 2019Source: Journal of Adolescence, Volume 76Author(s): Kelly A. Marin, Amanda ShkreliAbstractIntroductionTrauma has the potential to challenge the self and identity development in ways unlike other personal experiences and, undoubtedly, necessitates meaning-making. The purpose of this study is to expand understanding of how young adults make meaning of traumatic experiences and how those processes, either adaptive self-reflection, meaning-making, or narrative rumination, relate to identity development.MethodsUsing qualitative methods and self-report measures, we examined reflective and ruminative...
Source: Journal of Adolescence - September 1, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Relationships between sociocultural factors (gender, immigrant and socioeconomic background), peer relatedness and positive affect in adolescents
ConclusionsDue to sociocultural factors, some groups of adolescents proved to be more at risk of being socially excluded and of experiencing less positive affect at school. Moreover, our findings support the claim of SDT that the satisfaction of basic psychological needs, such as relatedness, is more important than sociocultural factors in determining adolescents’ psychological well-being. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - August 31, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Chinese Children's cognitive appraisal moderates associations between psychologically controlling parenting and Children's depressive symptoms
ConclusionsOverall, our findings revealed the critical role of child cognitive appraisals in the effects of parenting practices on child outcomes and highlighted the importance of examining the meaning and function of different dimensions of psychological control within a specific cultural context. Important developmental differences in the role of these cognitive appraisals and the effects of specific parenting practices were also identified. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - August 31, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Self-compassion as mediator between coping and social anxiety in late adolescence: A longitudinal analysis
ConclusionsThese results provided added evidence to the fact that during the transition from adolescence to adulthood, teaching college students a more self-accepting and kind perspective on one's imperfections could play a significant role in preventing and treating social anxiety. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - August 31, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Acculturation, identity distress, and internalizing symptoms among resettled adolescent refugees
ConclusionsThe study findings indicate that native acculturation, and more specifically native cultural identity, may serve as significant protective factors against identity distress among adolescent refugees post-resettlement, with native cultural identity additionally serving as a protective factor against internalizing symptoms. US acculturation was not found to be significantly associated with identity distress or internalizing symptoms, nor were the acculturative dimensions of language learning (i.e., English and native language competencies), cultural knowledge (i.e., US and native cultural knowledge competencies), ...
Source: Journal of Adolescence - August 31, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Stressful life events and identity development in early and mid-adolescence
ConclusionsThe link between stressful events and identity may not be as straightforward as would be expected based on identity theory, as our results did not show evidence for a link between these events and change in identity for all adolescents. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - August 29, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Prospective associations between trauma, placement disruption, and ethnic-racial identity among newly emancipated foster youth
ConclusionsThe current findings suggest that efforts to promote positive feelings toward one's ethnic-racial group membership can support ethnic-racial minority foster youth's capacity to negotiate developmental challenges in and beyond the child welfare system. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - August 29, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Parenting practices during middle adolescence and high school dropout
ConclusionOffering systematic support to parents of middle adolescents could help to prevent dropout in high-risk communities. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - August 28, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Childhood maltreatment and identity diffusion among inpatient adolescents: The role of reflective function
ConclusionsEmotional abuse, emotional neglect, physical neglect, and total combined maltreatment exposure may be risk factors for adolescent identity diffusion. Targeting RF may help to build healthy identity among adolescents with symptoms of psychiatric disorders who have experienced maltreatment, particularly emotional abuse. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - August 28, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

The development of inhibitory control in adolescence and prospective relations with delinquency
ConclusionsThis longitudinal study provides a novel examination of the development of inhibitory control across early and middle adolescence. Results suggest that the degree to which inhibitory control confers risk for later delinquency may be captured in early adolescence, consistent with neurodevelopmental accounts of delinquency risk. Differences across assessment tools also highlight the need for careful measurement considerations in future work, as task-based measures may be better suited to capture within-person changes over time. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - August 21, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

E-cigarette use and sleep-related complaints among youth
ConclusionsE-cigarette and dual-product use are significantly associated with greater odds of reporting sleep-related complaints among adolescents. Future research should evaluate whether this association may be causal. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - August 21, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Developing a taxonomy to characterise trusted adult support in the lives of adolescents
ConclusionsThe taxonomy describes key elements that define the trusted adult role, and has the potential to inform the development of policies and guidelines relating to support provision. It may be used as a framework for the reporting of trusted adult interventions within research, and act as a helpful guide if a young person is in doubt about the behaviour or qualities displayed by an adult in their environment. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - August 20, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Direct and indirect effects of strength-based parenting on adolescents’ school outcomes: Exploring the role of mental toughness
ConclusionsThe present findings suggest that strength-based parenting plays a crucial role on adolescents’ school outcomes and these links are mediated by mental toughness. Implications and suggestions for future research are also discussed. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - August 10, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Self-harm, depressive mood, and belonging to a subculture in adolescence
Publication date: October 2019Source: Journal of Adolescence, Volume 76Author(s): Belén Martínez–Ferrer, Håkan Stattin (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - August 9, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Purpose and coping with adversity: A repeated measures, mixed-methods study with young adolescents
ConclusionsThere are likely underlying factors or processes driving the relationship between purpose and positive reframing coping. Some of the potential underlying factors and processes are discussed. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - August 9, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Depressive symptoms and non-suicidal self-injury during adolescence: Latent patterns of short-term stability and change
ConclusionsFocusing on negative interpersonal experiences and selfesteem as transdiagnostic conditions may guide research and aid clinicians in supporting adolescents who feel depressed and engage in self-injury. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - August 9, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Using polytomous latent class analysis to compare patterns of substance use and co-occurring health-risk behaviors between students in alternative and mainstream high schools
ConclusionsAdditional support is needed in AHSs to address the prevalence of high-risk patterns of substance use and associated health-risk behaviors. For example, ongoing public health surveillance is needed in AHSs, just as is done in mainstream high schools, to monitor trends in substance use and impact of policies and interventions. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - August 7, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Associations of ethnic/racial discrimination with internalizing symptoms and externalizing behaviors among juvenile justice-involved youth of color
ConclusionsThis study offers new insights into ERD experiences among juvenile justice-involved youth of color, gender differences in ethnic/racial discrimination experiences, and the potential value of gender-sensitive and culturally responsive programming in strengthening youths’ ability to cope with ERD. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - August 6, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Developing agency in the transition to self-management of cystic fibrosis in young people
ConclusionsFor young people to feel supported empowered in the management of their illness, their developing ability to exercise agency must be respected and encouraged through collaborative decision making. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - August 5, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Depressive symptoms at age 9–13 and chronic disabling fatigue at age 16: A longitudinal study
Publication date: August 2019Source: Journal of Adolescence, Volume 75Author(s): Simon M. Collin, Tom Norris, Carol Joinson, Maria E. Loades, Glyn Lewis, Stephen A. Stansfeld, Esther CrawleyAbstractIntroductionWe investigated whether depressive symptoms at ages 9–13 years were associated with chronic disabling fatigue (CDF) at age 16 among children in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents & Children (ALSPAC) birth cohort.MethodsDepressive symptoms at ages 9, 10, 11, 12, and 13 years were defined as a child- or parent-completed Short Mood and Feelings Questionnaire (SMFQ) score ≥11 (range 0–26). SMFQ sco...
Source: Journal of Adolescence - August 3, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Tracing the delinquency acquisition sequence from older siblings, to friends, to self: A mediation analysis
ConclusionsThese results imply that older sibling delinquency may lead to future delinquency and crime by encouraging early school problems, which, in turn, may precipitate future offending by encouraging the child to select and associate with a delinquent peer group. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - August 2, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Fostering adolescent curiosity through a question brainstorming intervention
ConclusionsThe study suggests that adolescent dispositional curiosity can be significantly increased by directly teaching students to question. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - August 2, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Life satisfaction trajectories of junior high school students in poverty: Exploring the role of self-efficacy and social support
ConclusionsThese findings suggest that peer support, rather than family and teacher support, moderates the impact of controllable negative events on life satisfaction over time. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - August 2, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Longitudinal relations between future planning and adolescents’ academic achievement in China
ConclusionsThe reciprocal relations between future planning processes and academic achievement differed across domains (e.g., educational and occupational domains). These findings suggest that future planning may be a protective factor for improving adolescents' academic achievement, and high academic achievement may also be beneficial for Chinese adolescents’ future planning. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - July 25, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Mixed emotion experiences for self or another person in adolescence
ConclusionsAdolescents’ subjective mixed emotion experiences vary by intensity and patterns of simultaneity over time. Findings are discussed in relation to an evaluative space model of mixed emotion and applications of the AES with adolescent populations. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - July 24, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Cyber Sexual Harassment: Prevalence and association with substance use, poor mental health, and STI history among sexually active adolescent girls
Publication date: August 2019Source: Journal of Adolescence, Volume 75Author(s): Elizabeth Reed, Marissa Salazar, Alma I. Behar, Niloufar Agah, Jay G. Silverman, Alexandra M. Minnis, Melanie L.A. Rusch, Anita RajAbstractIntroductionThe current study aims to assess the prevalence, perpetrators, and consequences of cyber sexual harassment (CSH) among adolescent females.MethodsSexually active adolescent females (N = 159) ages 15–19 were recruited from a health clinic in a low-income, urban area of southeast San Diego County, California to complete a tablet-administered survey that included items on sexual violence a...
Source: Journal of Adolescence - July 24, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Too tough at the top: Using latent class growth analysis to assess cool status during middle school
ConclusionsThe findings suggest the need for a more nuanced perspective on maintaining cool status during adolescence that considers both its risks and benefits. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - July 18, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Impulsivity and nonsuicidal self-injury: A longitudinal examination among emerging adults
ConclusionsThe present findings indicate that impulsivity may not only lead to nonsuicidal self-injury, but that frequent engagement in nonsuicidal self-injury may undermine regulatory skill development and lead to greater impulsivity over time during the emerging adult years. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - July 14, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Profiles of individual assets and mental health symptoms in at-risk early adolescents
ConclusionsGirls in the low assets with elevated MHS (P1) should be a primary concern for preventive intervention. Our study demonstrates the heterogeneity of individual patterns of adaptation and maladaptation. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - July 12, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Sexual harassment and appearance-based peer victimization: Unique associations with emotional adjustment by gender and age
ConclusionSexual harassment was commonly reported, but rather weakly and intermittently associated with emotional health, after controlling for appearance-related peer victimization. Future research should examine when and why youth seem fairly resilient to negative emotional effects that could follow sexual harassment. It is possible that messages about the cause of sexual harassment are being heard and this aids youth to avoid self-blame and emotional maladjustment. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - July 12, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Math interest and self-concept among latino/a students: Reciprocal influences across the transition to middle school
ConclusionThe results replicate, in an understudied sample of Latino/a youth, the oft-reported link from low math self-concept to declining interest in math. Unique to this study is evidence of the protection afforded by belief in the efficacy of studying. The findings offer important guidance for teachers and parents seeking to mobilize resources for underperforming students. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - July 12, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Body image and weight management among Hispanic American adolescents: Differences by sport type
This study examined whether body image distortion and dissatisfaction are associated with weight management behaviors by sex and sport type in Hispanic adolescents.MethodsA sample of 728 Hispanic participants from the United States (61.6% female, Mage = 12.36 ± 2.35) completed the Stunkard Figural Stimuli, reported weight management behaviors and sport participation. Sports were classified as non-aesthetic (such as soccer), aesthetic (such as cheerleading), or non-sport participation. Separate multiple linear regression and multinomial logistic regression models were conducted to test adjusted associations b...
Source: Journal of Adolescence - July 3, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Adolescent indirect reciprocity: Evidence from incentivized economic paradigms
ConclusionOur results shed light on how adolescents perceive and act in complex social settings where direct reciprocity is unrealistic. Both younger and older adolescents are capable of engaging in both forms of indirect reciprocity with older adolescents being more discriminative in their norm-enforcing behaviors. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - June 27, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

A systematic review of the relation between self-compassion and depressive symptoms in adolescents
Publication date: July 2019Source: Journal of Adolescence, Volume 74Author(s): Rachelle Pullmer, Jason Chung, Lindsay Samson, Sherene Balanji, Shannon ZaitsoffAbstractResearch on self-compassion and depressive symptoms is growing at an exponential pace. This systematic review provides an in-depth exploration of the relation between self-compassion and depressive symptoms in adolescents. In accordance with PRISMA guidelines, MEDLINE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO databases were systematically searched and 18 studies were identified. Results demonstrate the potentially pertinent role that self-compassion may play in the development, ...
Source: Journal of Adolescence - June 27, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Trajectories of posttraumatic growth among adolescents over time since the Wenchuan earthquake
ConclusionsThese findings indicated that adolescents exhibit heterogeneous PTG trajectories and that age and posttraumatic stress disorder symptom clusters differentiate distinct PTG trajectories. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - June 27, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Increase in time spent on social media is associated with modest increase in depression, conduct problems, and episodic heavy drinking
Publication date: July 2019Source: Journal of Adolescence, Volume 74Author(s): Geir Scott Brunborg, Jasmina Burdzovic AndreasAbstractIntroductionAdolescent use of social media has been linked to a range of negative outcomes, but it is still unclear whether the associations are spurious. To address this issue, we examined if within-individual change in time spent on social media was associated with within-individual changes in depression, conduct problems, and episodic heavy drinking in a sample of adolescents using first-differencing models (FD-models).MethodsA sample of 763 Norwegian adolescents (45.1% boys; mean age 15.2...
Source: Journal of Adolescence - June 27, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Brief report: Assessing the risk of reporting bias in a RCT for adolescent mothers
ConclusionsA low rate of underreporting for repeat pregnancy in adolescent mothers was found in the present sample. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - June 27, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Structural stigma and sexual orientation-related reproductive health disparities in a longitudinal cohort study of female adolescents
ConclusionsStructural stigma is a potential risk factor for adverse reproductive health among sexual minority female adolescents. Changing laws and policies to be inclusive of all people, regardless of sexual orientation, can help alleviate entrenched reproductive health disparities. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - June 24, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research