Past Psychiatric Conditions as Risk Factors for Postpartum Depression: A Nationwide Cohort Study.

Past Psychiatric Conditions as Risk Factors for Postpartum Depression: A Nationwide Cohort Study. J Clin Psychiatry. 2020 Jan 21;81(1): Authors: Johansen SL, Stenhaug BA, Robakis TK, Williams KE, Cullen MR Abstract OBJECTIVE: To compare risk for postpartum depression across prior psychiatric diagnoses. METHODS: The deidentified Optum© Clinformatics Data Mart of national commercial insurance claims was used to identify 1,166,577 women of reproductive age with first-observed incidence of pregnancy across all 50 United States from 2003 to 2016. Women with insurance coverage for at least 6 months prior to conception and following delivery were eligible (n = 336,522). Psychiatric diagnoses prior to pregnancy were identified by ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM codes, including depression, anxiety and panic disorders, bipolar disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, and eating disorders. Primary outcomes included postpartum depression diagnosis at 2 months and 1 year after delivery. Multiple variable logistic regression analysis assessed for independent associations between predictors and outcomes. RESULTS: Among 336,522 pregnancies, 9.4% of women were diagnosed with postpartum depression (n = 31,610). Five percent of women with no depression history developed postpartum depression, compared to 65% of women with depression prior to and during pregnancy. Among women with history of depression who were euthymic during pregnancy, 2...
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Clin Psychiatry Source Type: research

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ConclusionsFindings are discussed in the context of the broader research literature, weaknesses in the field are noted, and numerous meaningful directions for future research are presented.
Source: Journal of Adolescence - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe implication of these results is that policies aimed at reducing inequalities between residential neighborhoods are likely to beneficially affect all racial/ethnic groups but are not sufficient in reducing racial/ethnic disparities in intergenerational transmission of socio-economic status.
Source: Journal of Adolescence - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
Conclusions: The study results emphasize the relevance of attachment orientation to caregiving relations in health-related contexts and call for awareness of the effect that level of depression combined with attachment orientation can have during hospitalization.Clinical implications: Assessing attachment orientation and depression in hospitalized elders might be useful for identifying older adults at risk for insufficient informal support during hospitalization. PMID: 32066347 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Gerontologist - Category: Geriatrics Tags: Clin Gerontol Source Type: research
Conclusion: Decidual vasculopathy at term contains the same CD56 positive extravillous endovascular trophoblasts seen with spiral artery remodeling in early pregnancy. CD56 may serve as a possible marker for decidual vasculopathy in the later stages of pregnancy. PMID: 32068473 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Fetal Pediatr Pathol Source Type: research
Authors: Schellinger J, Cable K, Bond M, Campbell KM Abstract The United States is facing a shortage of physicians for minorities and patients in disadvantaged areas. Many medical schools have pipeline programs to promote the interest of minority students in medicine. The Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University established the Brody RISE program. Recruitment efforts targeted schools within Pitt County, NC. Students participate in interactive STEM activities and campus tours. Laupus Health Sciences Librarians developed interactive activities that engage critical thinking and teach anatomy and medical hi...
Source: Medical Reference Services Quarterly - Category: Databases & Libraries Tags: Med Ref Serv Q Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 February 2020Source: Biological ControlAuthor(s): Rhoda B. deJonge, Ian M. Jones, Robert S. Bourchier, Sandy M. SmithAbstractWhen an insect candidate is identified for classical biological control, the first step is to identify its fundamental host-range. An insect’s fundamental host range, however, is typically broader than its ecological host range. This discrepancy can lead to ‘false positives’ in host testing and hamper the development of potential agents. Here, we propose a novel tool for interpreting host-range tests and identifying ‘false positives’...
Source: Biological Control - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: 25 April 2020Source: Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, Volume 84Author(s): Sung Moo Kim, Ju Hui Yun, Si Hyun Han, Jun Yeob LeeAbstractNovel aromatic extended carbazoles, 9H-fluoreno[9,1-bc]carbazole, 9H-dibenzo[a,c]carbazole, and 15H-phenanthro[9,10-a]carbazole, were developed as donor moieties constructing bipolar host materials for phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes. The 9H-fluoreno[9,1-bc]carbazole, 9H-dibenzo[a,c]carbazole, and 15H-phenanthro[9,10-a]carbazole implemented hosts showed high glass transition temperature, bipolar charge transport character, and triplet energy for ...
Source: Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
The American Lung Association has named Pedro Haro as its new executive director in Hawaii, the voluntary health organization announced Thursday. Haro enters the role with with more than 20 years of experience leading statewide campaigns and programs, including leading efforts to help pass Hawaii's Kupuna Caregiver's Act, facilitating campaigns for the Hawaii Tobacco Quitline, and overseeing the launch of Kokua Life at Mental Health America of Hawaii, the first suicide prevention app in the state.…
Source: Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Source Type: news
Authors: PMID: 32066585 [PubMed - in process]
Source: British Journal of Sports Medicine - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Br J Sports Med Source Type: research
Publication date: March 2020Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 8, Issue 3Author(s): Stijn Van Hees, Stephen Raimon, Joseph Nelson Siewe Fodjo, Robert Colebunders
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
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