Hepatitis E as a cause of adult hospitalization in Bangladesh: Results from an acute jaundice surveillance study in six tertiary hospitals, 2014-2017
This study confirms that hepatitis E is the leading cause of acute jaundice, leads to hospitalizations in all regions in Bangladesh, occurs throughout the year, and is associated with considerable morbidity and mortal ity. Effective control measures should be taken to reduce the risk of HEV infections including improvements in water quality, sanitation and hygiene practices and the introduction of HEV vaccine to high-risk groups.
Publication date: Available online 24 February 2020Source: Respiratory InvestigationAuthor(s): Sze Shyang Kho, Swee Kim Chan, Mei Ching Yong, Hui Min Cheah, YC Gary Lee, Siew Teck Tie
PMID: 32089242 [PubMed - in process]
This article reviews current knowledge on the contribution of EVs in allorecognition by T cells and discusses some mechanisms underlying their influence on T cell alloimmunity in allograft rejection or tolerance. PMID: 32087929 [PubMed - in process]
A clinical trial is expected to begin in April, with results expected as early as July, according to a report.
Authors: Asamoah JKK, Jin Z, Sun GQ, Li MY Abstract This paper presents a differential equation model which describes a possible transmission route for Q fever dynamics in cattle herds. The model seeks to ascertain epidemiological and theoretical inferences in understanding how to avert an outbreak of Q fever in dairy cattle herds (livestock). To prove the stability of the model's equilibria, we use a matrix-theoretic method and a Lyapunov function which establishes the local and global asymptotic behaviour of the model. We introduce time-dependent vaccination, environmental hygiene, and culling and then solve for ...
Publication date: Available online 24 February 2020Source: Canadian Journal of CardiologyAuthor(s): Rohan D. D’Souza, Candice K. Silversides, George A. Tomlinson, Samuel C. Siu
Publication date: February 2020Source: Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care, Volume 30Author(s): Maretha Smit, Leon Du Toit, Carl Lombard, Dominique Van Dyk, Anthony Reed, Robert Dyer, Ross Hofmeyr
Pregnant women describe a lonely, sometimes terrifying experience navigating the country ’s overburdened health care system during the outbreak.
Condition: Corona Virus Infection Intervention: Biological: mRNA-1273 Sponsor: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Not yet recruiting
Authors: Sedoro T, Ejajo T, Abute L, Kedir T, Erchafo B Abstract Pregnancy-related death is a cause for maternal and newborn mortality and morbidity as well as an obstacle for economic growth. Three-quarters of mothers' lives can be saved if women have access to a skilled health worker at delivery and emergency obstetric care. This evaluation was conducted to assess skilled delivery service implementation level by using three dimensions (availability, compliance, and acceptability) and identify major contributing issues for underutilization of the service. The evaluation design is cross-sectional. The study include...