EntE, EntS and TolC synergistically contributed to the pathogenesis of APEC strain E058

Publication date: Available online 21 January 2020Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Xiaohui Mu, Ruxia Gao, Wenhua Xiao, Qingqing Gao, Chunguang Cao, Huiqinq Xu, Song Gao, Xiufan LiuAbstractExtraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) shows an enhanced ability to cause infection outside the intestinal tract. Avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC), one type of ExPEC, causes avian colibacillosis, a disease of significant economic importance to poultry producers worldwide that is characterized by systemic infection. Some ExPEC strains as well as other pathogenic enterobacteria produce enterobactin, a catecholate siderophore used to sequester iron during infection. Here, we showed that disruption of enterobactin efflux via outer membrane protein TolC significantly decreased the pathogenicity of APEC strain E058. Furthermore, colonization and persistence assays performed using a chicken infection model showed that the ΔtolC mutant was obviously attenuated (p˂0.001). In contrast, disruption of enterobactin synthesis gene entE and/or the inner membrane transporter gene entS had little effect on pathogenicity. Analysis of growth kinetics revealed a significant reduction in the growth of triple mutant strain E058ΔentEΔentSΔtolC in iron-deficient medium compared with the wild-type strain (p˂0.001), while no growth impairment was noted for the E058ΔtolC mutant in either Luria-Bertani broth or iron-deficient medium. The E058ΔentEΔentS&Del...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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Source: Polish Journal of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Tags: Pol J Microbiol Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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Source: BMC Research Notes - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Research note Source Type: research
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