Latest updates on SARS-CoV-2 genomic characterization, drug, and vaccine development; a comprehensive bioinformatics review
Publication date: Available online 27 February 2021Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Masarra M. Sakr, Noha S. El Sayed, Ghadir S. El-Housseiny (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 27, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: March 2021Source: Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 152Author(s): (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

An updated and comprehensive review of the antiviral potential of essential oils and their chemical constituents with special focus on their mechanism of action against various influenza and coronaviruses
Publication date: March 2021Source: Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 152Author(s): Abdul Rouf Wani, Kanchan Yadav, Aadil Khursheed, Manzoor Ahmad Rather (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Cervicovaginal microbiota dysbiosis correlates with HPV persistent infection
Publication date: March 2021Source: Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 152Author(s): Bi Qingqing, Zhu Jie, Qu Songben, Chen Juan, Zhang Lei, Xiaofeng Mu (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Distribution of invasive fungal infections: Molecular epidemiology, etiology, clinical conditions, diagnosis and risk factors: A 3-year experience with 490 patients under intensive care
Publication date: March 2021Source: Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 152Author(s): Zeinab Borjian Boroujeni, Sina Shamsaei, Mohammad Yarahmadi, Muhammad Ibrahim Getso, Alireza Salimi Khorashad, Leila Haghighi, Vahid Raissi, Mahdi Zareei, Anita Saleh Mohammadzade, Vahid Moqarabzadeh, Ameneh Soleimani, Farid Raeisi, Moein Mohseni, Maedeh Sadat Mohseni, Omid Raiesi (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

LC-MS analysis reveals biological and metabolic processes essential for Candida albicans biofilm growth
Publication date: March 2021Source: Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 152Author(s): Komathy Munusamy, Mun Fai Loke, Jamuna Vadivelu, Sun Tee Tay (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Antimicrobial and antibiofilm activities of marine sponge-associated bacteria against multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus spp. isolated from canine skin
Publication date: March 2021Source: Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 152Author(s): Suzanne de Oliveira Nunes, Bruno Francesco Rodrigues Oliveira, Marcia Giambiagi-deMarval, Marinella Silva Laport (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Pathological, biochemical and molecular variability of Colletotrichum truncatum incitant of anthracnose disease in chilli (Capsicum annuum L.)
Publication date: March 2021Source: Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 152Author(s): Jayapala Naveen, Hulikunte Mallikarjunaiah Navya, Gavirangappa Hithamani, Puttaswamy Hariprasad, Siddapura Ramachandrappa Niranjana (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Evaluation of in vitro and in vivo potential of Bacillus subtilis MBTDCMFRI Ba37 as a candidate probiont in fish health management
Publication date: March 2021Source: Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 152Author(s): Anusree V. Nair, M. Leo Antony, N.K. Praveen, P Sayooj, T. Raja Swaminathan, K.K. Vijayan (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Identification of novel non-homologous drug targets against Acinetobacter baumannii using subtractive genomics and comparative metabolic pathway analysis
Publication date: March 2021Source: Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 152Author(s): Harpreet Kaur, Manmohit Kalia, Neelam Taneja (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Stk and Stp1 participate in Streptococcus suis serotype 2 pathogenesis by regulating capsule thickness and translocation of certain virulence factors
Publication date: March 2021Source: Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 152Author(s): Hanze Liu, Chaofeng Ye, Hao Fu, Min Yue, Xiaoliang Li, Weihuan Fang (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Chinese chestnut yellow crinkle disease influence microbiota composition of chestnut trees
Publication date: March 2021Source: Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 152Author(s): Fei Ren, Wei Dong, Shengqing Shi, Guiming Dou, Dong-Hui Yan (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Deleterious missense variants in the aflatoxin biosynthesis genes explain the low toxicity of Aspergillus flavus from infected rice
Publication date: March 2021Source: Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 152Author(s): Ali H. Albakri, Mohammed Baqur S. Al-Shuhaib, Sabah L. Alwan, Sayed AbdulAzeez, J. Francis Borgio (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Interaction between bovine mammary epithelial cells and planktonic or biofilm Staphylococcus aureus: The bacterial lifestyle determines its internalization ability and the pathogen recognition
Publication date: March 2021Source: Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 152Author(s): Luciana Paola Bohl, Paula Isaac, María Laura Breser, María Soledad Orellano, Silvia Graciela Correa, Nori Graciela Tolosa de Talamoni, Carina Porporatto (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Assessment of a natural grass carp reovirus genotype II avirulent strain GD1108 shows great potential as an avirulent live vaccine
Publication date: March 2021Source: Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 152Author(s): Caixia Gao, Yingying Wang, Huzi Hu, Wenli Zhou, Jiyuan Yin, Yingying Li, Sven M. Bergmann, Siyu Wu, Weiwei Zeng, Qing Wang (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Tissue distribution and developmental changes of interferon regulatory factors in chickens and effects of infectious bursal disease virus infection
Publication date: March 2021Source: Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 152Author(s): Yan Yu, Lingling Cheng, Zhiyong Xu, Yanhong Zhang, Changbo Ou, Qiuxia Wang, Pei Gao, Jinyou Ma (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Linguatulosis in small ruminants in southeastern Iran: Epidemiological, histopathological and phylogenetic findings and its public health importance
Publication date: March 2021Source: Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 152Author(s): Mehdi Bamorovat, Iraj Sharifi, Razieh Tavakoli Oliaee, Mohamad Reza Aflatoonian, Pooya Ghasemi Nejad Almani, Ali Derakhshani, Saeed Nasibi, Javad Khedri, Reza Khirandish, Mohammad Ali Mohammadi (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

The propagation of HSV-1 in high autophagic activity
Publication date: March 2021Source: Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 152Author(s): Movaqar A, Abdoli A, Aryan E, Meshkat Z (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Hepatic transcriptome study of Taenia asiatica infection in suckling pigs
Publication date: March 2021Source: Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 152Author(s): Wan-qi Men, Shi-gang Xu, Rong Mou (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Reactivation of human cytomegalovirus inhibits expression of liver fibrosis related cytokines in patients chronically infected with hepatitis C virus genotype 4a
Publication date: March 2021Source: Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 152Author(s): Mai Abd El-Meguid, Reham M. Dawood, Marwa K. Ibrahim, Ghada M. Salum, Mohamed Darwish Ahmed Abd Alla, Mostafa K. El Awady (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Phytogenic blend protective effects against microbes but affects health and production in broilers
Publication date: March 2021Source: Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 152Author(s): Gabriela M. Galli, Tiago G. Petrolli, Edemar Aniecevski, Alícia D. Santo, Felipe Leite, Luiz G. Griss, Vanessa Dazuk, Marcel M. Boiago, Hélio V. dos Santos, Claudia A.D.P. Simões, Roger Wagner, Bianca F. Bissacotti, Maria Rosa Schentiger, Aleksandro S. Da Silva (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Glycation of gut proteins initiates microbial dysbiosis and can promote establishment of diabetes in experimental animals
Publication date: March 2021Source: Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 152Author(s): Rahul Patil, Akalpita Arvindekar (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Impact of gut microbiota: How it could play roles beyond the digestive system on development of cardiovascular and renal diseases
Publication date: March 2021Source: Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 152Author(s): Kanmani Suganya, Taekwon Son, Kyu-Won Kim, Byung-Soo Koo (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Human papillomavirus and prostate cancer: The role of viral expressed proteins in the inhibition of anoikis and induction of metastasis
Publication date: March 2021Source: Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 152Author(s): Maryam Fatemipour, Javid Sadri Nahand, Maryam Ebadi Fard Azar, Hossein Bannazadeh Baghi, Mohammad Taghizadieh, Saba Sorayyayi, Bashdar Mahmud Hussen, Hamed Mirzaei, Mohsen Moghoofei, Farah Bokharaei-Salim (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

The global prevalence of Chlamydia pneumoniae, Helicobacter pylori, Cytomegalovirus and Herpes simplex virus in patients with coronary artery disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Publication date: March 2021Source: Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 152Author(s): Masoud Dadashi, Bahareh Hajikhani, Mona Ghazi, Shahrooz Yazdani, Mehdi Goudarzi, Mohammad Javad Nasiri, Shervin Shokouhi, Parviz Owlia, Somayeh Yaslianifard (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Assessing the role of SH3RF1 and SH3RF2 polymorphisms in susceptibility to tuberculosis: A case-control study in the Han Chinese population
Publication date: March 2021Source: Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 152Author(s): Hao Chen, Juan Zhou, Lin Jiao, Jiajia Song, Huiyu Zhong, Zhenzhen Zhao, Zirui Meng, Xiaojun Lu, Xuerong Chen, Wei Zhang, Binwu Ying (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Antiviral activity of astragaloside II, astragaloside III and astragaloside IV compounds against dengue virus: Computational docking and in vitro studies
Publication date: March 2021Source: Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 152Author(s): Purushothaman Indu, Narasingam Arunagirinathan, Marimuthu Ragavan Rameshkumar, Kodhandan Sangeetha, Angamuthu Divyadarshini, Swaminathan Rajarajan (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Immunopathological similarities between COVID-19 and influenza: Investigating the consequences of Co-infection
Publication date: March 2021Source: Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 152Author(s): Hossein Khorramdelazad, Mohammad Hossein Kazemi, Alireza Najafi, Maryam Keykhaee, Reza Zolfaghari Emameh, Reza Falak (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Strongyloides stercoralis proteome: A reverse approach to the identification of potential immunogenic candidates
Publication date: March 2021Source: Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 152Author(s): Maritza Fernandez Culma (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Autoinducer N-(3-oxododecanoyl)-l-homoserine lactone induces calcium and reactive oxygen species-mediated mitochondrial damage and apoptosis in blood platelets
Publication date: Available online 23 February 2021Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Vivek Kumar Yadav, Pradeep Kumar Singh, Deepmala Sharma, Himanshu Pandey, Sunil Kumar Singh, Vishnu Agarwal (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 24, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

The Amazonian fish Colossoma macropomum harbors high myxosporean diversity: A description of three novel species from a fish farm
Publication date: Available online 23 February 2021Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Juliana M.A. Silva, Edson A. Adriano, Lisandro J. Vieira, Juliana Naldoni, Francisco G.A. Santos (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 24, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

M. tuberculosis curli pili (MTP) is associated with alterations in carbon, fatty acid and amino acid metabolism in a THP-1 macrophage infection model
Publication date: Available online 18 February 2021Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Shinese Ashokcoomar, Du Toit Loots, Derylize Beukes, Mari van Reenen, Balakrishna Pillay, Manormoney Pillay (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 20, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Transcriptome of Edwardsiella anguillarum in vivo and in vitro revealed two-component system, ABC transporter and flagellar assembly are three pathways pathogenic to European eel (Anguilla anguilla)
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2021Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Shaowei Zhai, YiQun Xiao, YiJun Tang, Qijuan Wan, Songlin Guo (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 20, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Pneumococcal capsular phase shift is associated with invasion into cell-to-cell junctions and is inhibited by macrolides
Publication date: Available online 17 February 2021Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Saori Takeda, Masamitsu Kono, Gen Sugita, Jun Arai, David E. Briles, Muneki Hotomi (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 18, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

The association of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection with atherosclerosis: Review and update of in vitro and animal studies
Publication date: Available online 17 February 2021Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Amin Khoshbayan, Fateme Taheri, Majid Taati Moghadam, Zahra Chegini, Aref Shariati (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 18, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

MicroRNA-365 promotes apoptosis in human melanoma cell A375 treated with hydatid cyst fluid of Echinococcus granulosus sensu stricto
Publication date: Available online 17 February 2021Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Mahnaz Mohammadi, Adel Spotin, Mahmoud Mahami-Oskouei, Dariush Shanehbandi, Ehsan Ahmadpour, Adriano Casulli, Ali Rostami, Amir Baghban, Milad Asadi (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 18, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Potential role of probiotics in reducing Clostridioides difficile virulence: Interference with quorum sensing systems
Publication date: Available online 18 February 2021Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Sathursha Gunaratnam, Mathieu Millette, Lynne V. McFarland, Herbert L. DuPont, Monique Lacroix (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 18, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Human dental pulp stem cells: A sanctuary for relapsing Bartonella quintana
Publication date: Available online 18 February 2021Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Hamadou Oumarou Hama, Attoumani Hamada, Gérard Aboudharam, Éric Ghigo, Michel Drancourt (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 18, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Resveratrol impacts in oxidative stress in liver during Trypanosoma cruzi infection
Publication date: Available online 18 February 2021Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Mateus Fracasso, Anielen Dutra da Silva, Nathieli Bianchin Bottari, Silvia Gonzalez Monteiro, Litiérri Razia Garzon, Lucas Alexandre Farias de Souza, Maria Rosa C. Schetinger, Aleksandro Schafer da Silva (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 18, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

The pro-inflammatory cytokines in COVID-19 pathogenesis: What goes wrong?
Publication date: Available online 18 February 2021Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Dounia Darif, Ikram Hammi, Ayyoub Kihel, Imane El Idrissi Saik, Fadila Guessous, Khadija Akarid (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 18, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

The immunity of the recombinant prokaryotic and eukaryotic subunit vaccines against cutaneous leishmaniasis
Publication date: Available online 18 February 2021Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Samira Salari, Iraj Sharifi, Mehdi Bamorovat, Pooya Ghasemi Nejad Almani (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 18, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Development of a gene signature for predicting cirrhosis risk score of chronic liver disease associated with HCV infection in Egyptians
Publication date: Available online 18 February 2021Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Reham M. Dawood, Ghada M. Salum, Mai Abd El-Meguid, Ahmed Elsayed, Ayman Yosry, Ashraf Abdelaziz, Hend Ibrahim Shousha, Mohamed Mahmoud Nabeel, Mostafa K. El Awady (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 18, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

RPSA distribution and expression in tissues and immune cells of pathogen-infected mice
Publication date: Available online 17 November 2020Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Mengmeng Liu, Na Li, Wenfei Guo, Li Jia, Hexiang Jiang, Ziheng Li, Jun Wang, Xiaoguang Zhang, Rining Zhu, Chuntong Bao, Jing Huang, Liancheng Lei (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 17, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Surveillance of multiple subtype specific antibodies against avian influenza viruses among egg yolk in wild ducks from northeast China, 2017–2019
Publication date: Available online 18 November 2020Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Yanping Qi, Honghai Wang, Weina Guo, Chang Liu, Lei Zhao, Youfang Gu, Shenghe Li, Xuelong Chen (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 17, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Comparative analysis of the vaginal microbiome of Chinese women with Trichomonas vaginalis and mixed infection
Publication date: Available online 16 February 2021Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Ting Li, Zhaohui Liu, Zhan Zhang, Huihui Bai, Xiaonan Zong, Fengjuan Wang, Linyuan Fan (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 17, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Retraction notice to “Prevalence of GBS serotype III and identification of a ST 17-like genotype from neonates with invasive diseases in Guangzhou, China” [Microb. Pathog. 120 (2018) 213–218]
Publication date: Available online 13 February 2021Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Junyan Liu, Ruirui Xu, Huamin Zhong, Yukui Zhong, Yongqiang Xie, Lin Li, Bing Li, Dingqiang Chen, Zhenbo Xu (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 14, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Inhibition of anti-inflammatory cytokines, IL-10 and TGF-β, in Leishmania major infected macrophage by miRNAs: A new therapeutic modality against leishmaniasis
Publication date: Available online 13 February 2021Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Faezeh Hamidi, Samira Mohammadi Yeganeh, Mostafa Haji Molla Hoseini, Seyyed Javad Seyyed Tabaei, Niloofar Taghipour, Zohreh Lasjerdi, Mostafa Gholamrezaei, Ali Haghighi (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 14, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Variant analysis of SARS-CoV-2 genomes in the middle east
Publication date: Available online 13 February 2021Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Khalid Mubarak Bindayna, Shane Crinion (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 14, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Molecular characterization of Mannheimia haemolytica associated with ovine and caprine pneumonic lung lesions
Publication date: Available online 10 February 2021Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Ehsan Gharib mombeni, Darioush Gharibi, Masoud Ghorbanpour, Ahmad Reza Jabbari, Dolores Cid (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Impacts of the independent and synergistic effects of curcuma and mangosteen extracts on the gut bacterial composition in lean and obese rats
Publication date: Available online 11 February 2021Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Ranyah Shaker M. Labban, Hanan Alfawaz, Nadine MS. Moubayed, Yasser Al- Shawakir, Afaf El-Ansary (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - February 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research