The surprising organization of avian brains
(Ruhr-University Bochum) Some birds can perform amazing cognitive feats - even though their forebrains seem to just consist of lumps of grey cells, while mammalian forebrains harbour a highly complex neocortex. A study conducted by a research team at Ruhr-Universit ä t Bochum (RUB) and researchers from D ü sseldorf, J ü lich and Aachen reveals for the first time amazing similarities between the neocortex of mammals and sensory brain areas of birds: both are arranged in horizontal layers and vertical columns. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - September 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

A neural correlate of sensory consciousness in a corvid bird
Subjective experiences that can be consciously accessed and reported are associated with the cerebral cortex. Whether sensory consciousness can also arise from differently organized brains that lack a layered cerebral cortex, such as the bird brain, remains unknown. We show that single-neuron responses in the pallial endbrain of crows performing a visual detection task correlate with the birds’ perception about stimulus presence or absence and argue that this is an empirical marker of avian consciousness. Neuronal activity follows a temporal two-stage process in which the first activity component mainly reflects phys...
Source: ScienceNOW - September 24, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Nieder, A., Wagener, L., Rinnert, P. Tags: Evolution, Neuroscience reports Source Type: news

A cortex-like canonical circuit in the avian forebrain
Although the avian pallium seems to lack an organization akin to that of the cerebral cortex, birds exhibit extraordinary cognitive skills that are comparable to those of mammals. We analyzed the fiber architecture of the avian pallium with three-dimensional polarized light imaging and subsequently reconstructed local and associative pallial circuits with tracing techniques. We discovered an iteratively repeated, column-like neuronal circuitry across the layer-like nuclear boundaries of the hyperpallium and the sensory dorsal ventricular ridge. These circuits are connected to neighboring columns and, via tangential layer-l...
Source: ScienceNOW - September 24, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Stacho, M., Herold, C., Rook, N., Wagner, H., Axer, M., Amunts, K., Güntürkün, O. Tags: Evolution, Neuroscience, Online Only r-articles Source Type: news

Farm animals and pandemics: nine diseases that changed the world
Covid has got experts thinking urgently about the risk of diseases passing from farmed animals to humans. We examine the major outbreaks of the past two centuriesContinue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - September 15, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Tom Levitt Tags: Environment Infectious diseases Farm animals Meat industry Food Farming Cattle BSE Bird flu Sars Swine flu Rural affairs Health World news UK news Medical research Source Type: news

Bird Flu Viruses Can Remain Infectious for Months in US Wetlands
Lab and field experiments indicate that aquatic environments could act as reservoirs for the pathogens, which typically do not represent a direct risk to humans. (Source: The Scientist)
Source: The Scientist - September 10, 2020 Category: Science Tags: News & Opinion Source Type: news

Navigating Safely Through The Pandemic
By Stephen LeahySep 2 2020 (IPS-Partners) Having reported on SARS, Ebola, Bird Flu (H5N1) outbreaks, as well as writing about efforts to combat HIV, I was horrified by what was going on in Wuhan, China last Jan mainly because of how fast this new SARS-CoV-2 virus spread. By early Feb it seemed likely there’d be a global pandemic and by the end of Feb I started to freak out as the pandemic took hold. I’ve never been to Wuhan or China nor seen anyone who had; and I hadn’t travelled any where recently. It was nearly impossible for me to have encountered the virus but that didn’t keep me from getting si...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Stephen Leahy Tags: Health Humanitarian Emergencies Source Type: news

U.S. Will Revive Global Virus-Hunting Effort Ended Last Year
A federal agency is resurrecting a version of Predict, a scientific network that for a decade watched for new pathogens dangerous to humans. Joe Biden has also vowed to fund the effort. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - August 30, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Donald G. McNeil Jr. and Thomas Kaplan Tags: Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) United States Politics and Government Disease Rates Epidemics Presidential Election of 2020 Livestock Diseases Avian Influenza Ebola Virus Centers for Disease Control and Prevention EcoHealth Alliance Epidemic I Source Type: news

The Guardian view on studying dinosaurs: ancient creatures, cutting-edge science | Editorial
A discovery in the Isle of Wight should remind us that we are living in a golden age of palaeontologyIt could be said that we live in the age of the dinosaurs. It is, of course, 66m years since agreat extinction wiped out three-quarters of the animals on Earth, including non-avian dinosaurs. The first fossil was described in scientific literature around two centuries ago, and Richard Owen coined the term dinosaur, or terrible lizard, soon afterwards. The scientific “dinosaur renaissance” of the 60s renewed public interest.But in the last 25 years, the pace of palaeontological discoveries has acceleratedto dizzy...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - August 28, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Editorial Tags: Dinosaurs Fossils Biology Evolution Science Palaeontology Source Type: news

Farmers' quick sale of poultry during outbreaks may increase deadly virus transmission
(Penn State) Small-scale poultry farmers in Vietnam tend to respond to viral outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) by rapidly selling their birds as a way to avoid financial loss, according to a new study by an international team of researchers. As these birds are commingled with other birds in markets and trading networks, this practice may increase the likelihood of widespread disease transmission. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 28, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Exclusive: The Scientist Who Sequenced the First COVID-19 Genome Speaks Out About the Controversies Surrounding His Work
Over the past few years, Professor Zhang Yongzhen has made it his business to sequence thousands of previously unknown viruses. But he knew straight away that this one was particularly nasty. It was about 1:30 p.m. on Jan. 3 that a metal box arrived at the drab, beige buildings that house the Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center. Inside was a test tube packed in dry ice that contained swabs from a patient suffering from a peculiar pneumonia sweeping China’s central city of Wuhan. But little did Zhang know that that box would also unleash a vicious squall of blame and geopolitical acrimony worthy of Pandora herself....
Source: TIME: Health - August 25, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Charlie Campbell / Shanghai Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 overnight Source Type: news

Exclusive: The Chinese Scientist Who Sequenced the First COVID-19 Genome Speaks Out About the Controversies Surrounding His Work
Over the past few years, Professor Zhang Yongzhen has made it his business to sequence thousands of previously unknown viruses. But he knew straight away that this one was particularly nasty. It was about 1:30 p.m. on Jan. 3 that a metal box arrived at the drab, beige buildings that house the Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center. Inside was a test tube packed in dry ice that contained swabs from a patient suffering from a peculiar pneumonia sweeping China’s central city of Wuhan. But little did Zhang know that that box would also unleash a vicious squall of blame and geopolitical acrimony worthy of Pandora herself....
Source: TIME: Science - August 25, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Charlie Campbell / Shanghai Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 overnight Source Type: news

Exclusive: The Chinese Scientist Who Sequenced the First COVID-19 Genome Speaks Out About the Controversies Surrounding His Work
Over the past few years, Professor Zhang Yongzhen has made it his business to sequence thousands of previously unknown viruses. But he knew straight away that this one was particularly nasty. It was about 1:30 p.m. on Jan. 3 that a metal box arrived at the drab, beige buildings that house the Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center. Inside was a test tube packed in dry ice that contained swabs from a patient suffering from a peculiar pneumonia sweeping China’s central city of Wuhan. But little did Zhang know that that box would also unleash a vicious squall of blame and geopolitical acrimony worthy of Pandora herself....
Source: TIME: Health - August 25, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Charlie Campbell / Shanghai Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 overnight Source Type: news

Meet hedge fund managers of avian world
(Washington University in St. Louis) New research from Washington University in St. Louis finds that brood parasites living in more variable and unpredictable habitats tend to parasitize -- or squat and drop their eggs in -- the nests of a greater variety and number of hosts. The study is published Aug. 21 in Nature Communications. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - August 21, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Vaccine additives can enhance immune flexibility -- Implications for flu and SARS-CoV-2
(Emory Health Sciences) A vaccine additive known as an adjuvant can enhance responses to a vaccine containing the exotic avian flu virus H5N1, so that both rookie and veteran elements of the immune response are strengthened, according to results from an Emory Vaccine Center study. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - July 16, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Invasive hedgehogs and ferrets habituate to and categorize smells
(Ecological Society of America) A new study published in the Ecological Society of America's journal Ecological Applications examines how invasive mammalian predators both habituate to and generalize avian prey cues. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - July 15, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Evolution after Chicxulub asteroid impact: Rapid response of life to end-cretaceous mass
(Geological Society of America) The impact event that formed the Chicxulub crater (Yucat á n Peninsula, M é xico) caused the extinction of 75% of species on Earth 66 million years ago, including non-avian dinosaurs. One place that did not experience much extinction was the deep, as organisms living in the abyss made it through the mass extinction event with just some changes to community structure. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - July 14, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Avian speciation: Uniform vs. particolored plumage
(Ludwig-Maximilians-Universit ä t M ü nchen) Although carrion crows and hooded crows are almost indistinguishable genetically, they avoid mating with each other. Researchers from Ludwig-Maximlian-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich have now identified a mutation that appears to contribute to this instance of reproductive isolation. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - July 14, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

The Coronavirus Pandemic Has Disrupted Big Agriculture. Here ’s What That Means for the Planet
On April 12, a meat-processing plant in Sioux Falls, S.D., owned by Smithfield Foods shut down after hundreds of employees contracted coronavirus. The closure was hardly unique. Food-processing plants are tinderboxes for infection because employees work in close proximity and often need to shout, spraying droplets that can be laced with the virus. Cargill, Tyson and other major industry players closed about two dozen poultry-, pork- and beef-processing centers over the following weeks as workers fell ill. In April and May, more than 17,000 industry workers tested positive for COVID-19 and 91 died, according to the U.S. Cen...
Source: TIME: Health - July 9, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Emily Barone Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 feature Food & Drink Magazine Source Type: news

Dinosaurs wiped out by asteroid, not volcanoes, researchers say
Study says surge in volcanic activity could not have caused Cretaceous/Paleogene extinction eventA 66m-year-old murder mystery has finally been solved, researchers say, revealing an enormous asteroid struck the killer blow for the dinosaurs.The Cretaceous/Paleogene extinction event resulted in about 75% of plants and animals – including non-avian dinosaurs – being wiped out. But the driving cause of the catastrophe has been a topic of hot debate.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - June 30, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Nicola Davis Tags: Dinosaurs Palaeontology Fossils Source Type: news

England 'risks Covid-19 surge' without test-and-trace safety net
One scientist says Cummings affair ‘not a recipe for public trust’ at key stage of lockdownCoronavirus – latest updatesSee all our coronavirus coverageThe government is facing increasing pressure from its scientific advisers over the decision to ease England ’s lockdown, with one warning that the Dominic Cummings affair has eroded trust in its authority.Prof Robert West, a member of the Scientific Pandemic Influenza Group on Behaviours (SPI-B) that advises the Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies (Sage), emphasised on Saturday that about 8,000 infections, and 400 deaths, are still happening eac...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - May 30, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Nazia Parveen Tags: Coronavirus outbreak Politics UK news Science Boris Johnson Source Type: news

Politics, Profits Undermine Public Interest in Covid-19 Vaccine Race
By Anis Chowdhury and Jomo Kwame SundaramSYDNEY and KUALA LUMPUR, May 26 2020 (IPS) With well over five million Covid-19 infections worldwide, and deaths exceeding 340,000, the race for an effective vaccine has accelerated since the SARS-Cov-2 virus was first identified as the culprit. Expecting to score politically from being ‘first’ to have a vaccine, US President Trump’s Operation Warp Speed promises to get 300 million doses to Americans by January, after the November polls, following several failed attempts to monopolize vaccines being developed by European companies. Anis Chowdhury More than 115 vac...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - May 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Anis Chowdhury and Jomo Kwame Sundaram Tags: Aid Economy & Trade Featured Global Headlines Health Humanitarian Emergencies TerraViva United Nations Jomo Kwame Sundaram & Anis Chowdhury Source Type: news

How Remdesivir Moved From Back Shelf to Best Hope for Treating COVID-19
This study showed that a five-day regimen is as effective as 10 days–that’s important, doctors say, since it could mean shorter stays in the hospital, which could alleviate some of the burden on the health care system. “Of course we will have to wait for the final review of all the data, but it would be very nice to have an anti-viral that’s efficacious in this terrible illness,” says Dr. Aruna Subramanian, a clinical professor of medicine at Stanford and an investigator on the study. “At least we know that we can help patients with this, and that’s really the bottom line.” T...
Source: TIME: Health - May 21, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Alice Park Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 feature Magazine Source Type: news

New technology can detect anti-virus antibody in 20 minutes
(Hokkaido University) Researchers have succeeded in detecting anti-avian influenza virus antibody in blood serum within 20 minutes, using a portable analyzer they have developed to conduct rapid on-site bio tests. If a suitable reagent is developed, this technology could be used to detect antibodies against SARS-CoV-2, the causative virus of COVID-19. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - May 21, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Beat the Common Cold
Researchers in Canada and China are testing a powerful immune booster that provides broad-spectrum protection against the common cold and a number of viruses including SARS, Ebola and H1N1. They’re currently running clinical trials to prove its effectiveness against coronavirus. I’m talking about quercetin – a powerful antioxidant that is already available as a supplement. Previous research shows that quercetin’s antiviral capacity works in three ways. Quercetin can: Stop the virus from infecting cells Reduce the reproduction of cells that are already infected And reduce infected cells resistance t...
Source: Al Sears, MD Natural Remedies - May 6, 2020 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Dr.A.Sears Tags: Health Source Type: news

COVID-19: The CIDRAP Viewpoint: Part 1: The Future of the COVID-19 Pandemic: Lessons Learned from Pandemic Influenza
Source: Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy [University of Minnesota] (CIDRAP). Published: 4/30/2020. This nine-page report discusses how we can potentially learn from past influenza pandemics as we attempt to determine a vision for the future of the COVID-19 pandemic. Identifying key similarities and differences in the epidemiology of COVID-19 and pandemic influenza can help envisioning several possible scenarios for the course of the COVID-19 pandemic. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - April 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

COVID-19: The CIDRAP Viewpoint
Source: Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy [University of Minnesota] (CIDRAP). Published: 4/30/2020. This two-part report discusses how we can potentially learn from past influenza pandemics as we attempt to determine a vision for the future of the COVID-19 pandemic. Identifying key similarities and differences in the epidemiology of COVID-19 and pandemic influenza can help envisioning several possible scenarios for the course of the COVID-19 pandemic. Part 2 highlights real-world examples of effective and poor COVID-19 messaging and includes recommendations. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for ...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - April 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Jurassic Park in Eastern Morocco: Paleontology of the Kem Kem Group
(Pensoft Publishers) The Kem Kem beds in Morocco are famous for the spectacular fossils found there, including at least four large-bodied non-avian theropods, several large-bodied pterosaurs and crocodilians. In their study, published in the open-access journal Zookeys, an international group of scientists, led by Dr. Nizar Ibrahim and Prof. Paul Sereno, evaluate the geological and paleontological significance of the study area. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - April 23, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Revealed: the secret life of godwits
(University of Groningen) To find out more about birds such as the black-tailed godwit, ecologists have been conducting long-term population studies using standardized information on reproductive behaviour--such as dates of egg-laying or hatching and levels of chick survival. New information gathered using geolocators on godwits in the Netherlands shows that traditional observation methods can lead to inaccurate data. The study was published in the April-issue of the Journal of Avian Biology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - April 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Miraculous medicines are always more myth than reality: Pandemics, prophylactics and pice packets
Oseltamivir was that drug during bird flu several years back, and hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is the drug today. President Trump ’s demands for a quick solution, and refusal to listen to medical experts, caused soaring demand and pressure put on India, which has stocks, to supply the US, even as concerns rise about our own supply. (Source: The Economic Times)
Source: The Economic Times - April 17, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

The Coronavirus Pandemic Will Impact Approaches to Fighting Wildfires
(BOISE, Idaho) — They are two disasters that require opposite responses: To save lives and reduce the spread of COVID-19, people are being told to remain isolated. But in a wildfire, thousands of firefighters must work in close quarters for weeks at a time. Wildfires have already broken out in Texas and Florida, and agencies are scrambling to finish plans for a new approach. They are considering waivers for some training requirements to previously-certified crew members, and moving some training online. Other proposals include limiting fire engines to a driver and one passenger, requiring other crew members to ride i...
Source: TIME: Science - April 15, 2020 Category: Science Authors: REBECCA BOONE / AP Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Environment News Desk wire Source Type: news

Namibia: Govt Bans Poultry Imports From Hungary, Poland Over Avian Flu
[Namibia Economist] The Ministry of Agriculture last week stopped importation of live poultry products from Poland and Hungary following the outbreak of an influenza attacking the birds. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - April 14, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Vietnam Winning New War Against Invisible Enemy
By Anis Chowdhury and Jomo Kwame SundaramSYDNEY and KUALA LUMPUR, Apr 14 2020 (IPS) Vietnam, just south of coastal China, is the 15th most populous country in the world with 97 million people.According to its Ministry of Health (MoH), as of 13 April, there were 262 confirmed cases of COVID-19, with 144 recovering or discharged from hospitals, and no deaths. Poor country, early action With officials acting quickly to trace and test contacts, as well as quarantine and treat the infected, Vietnam contained the first wave of infections in January. Following a second wave of 41 new cases, Vietnam imposed a national isolation o...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - April 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Anis Chowdhury and Jomo Kwame Sundaram Tags: Asia-Pacific Featured Headlines Health Humanitarian Emergencies TerraViva United Nations Jomo Kwame Sundaram & Anis Chowdhury Source Type: news

We Need to Rethink Our Food System to Prevent the Next Pandemic
Once a dangerous new pathogen is out, as we are seeing, it can be difficult if not impossible to prevent it going global. One as contagious as SARS-CoV-2 has the potential to infect the whole of humanity. Eighty per cent of cases may be benign, but with such a large pool of susceptible hosts, the numbers who experience severe illness and die can still be shockingly high. So the only sensible answer to the question, how do we stop this from happening again, is: by doing all we can to prevent such pathogens infecting humans in the first place. And that means taking a long, hard look at our relationship with the natural world...
Source: TIME: Health - April 13, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Laura Spinney Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news

Clinical Care for Severe Acute Respiratory Infection Toolkit: COVID-19 Adaptation
Source: World Health Organization (WHO). Published: 4/9/2020. This 196-page toolkit is intended for clinicians working in intensive care units in low- and middle-income countries, managing adult and pediatric patients with severe forms of acute respiratory infection, including severe pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome, sepsis, and septic shock. It is a hands-on practical guide to be used by healthcare professionals involved in critical care management during the COVID-19 pandemic and outbreaks of influenza (seasonal or avian influenza), Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), or other emerging...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - April 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Researchers assess bird flu virus subtypes in China
(Wiley) The avian influenza virus subtype H16N3 is currently detectable in many countries. To examine the potential threat to humans of H16N3, researchers recently performed an extensive avian influenza surveillance in major wild bird gatherings across China from 2017-2019. The findings are published in Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - April 8, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

IFN-{kappa} suppresses the replication of influenza A viruses through the IFNAR-MAPK-Fos-CHD6 axis
Type I interferons (IFNs) are the first line of defense against viral infection. Using a mouse model of influenza A virus infection, we found that IFN- was one of the earliest responding type I IFNs after infection with H9N2, a low-pathogenic avian influenza A virus, whereas this early induction did not occur upon infection with the epidemic-causing H7N9 virus. IFN- efficiently suppressed the replication of various influenza viruses in cultured human lung cells, and chromodomain helicase DNA binding protein 6 (CHD6) was the major effector for the antiviral activity of IFN-, but not for that of IFN-α or IFN-β. Th...
Source: Signal Transduction Knowledge Environment - April 7, 2020 Category: Science Authors: He, Y., Fu, W., Cao, K., He, Q., Ding, X., Chen, J., Zhu, L., Chen, T., Ding, L., Yang, Y., Zhu, C., Yuan, S., Li, Z., Zhao, C., Zhang, X., Xu, J. Tags: STKE Research Articles Source Type: news

Application and Integration of Nonpharmaceutical Interventions (NPI) into Pre-Pandemic Influenza Planning, Preparedness and Response
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Published: 4/2/2020. Participants in this course will learn about nonpharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) to help slow the spread of pandemic flu, which may be helpful for COVID-19. The course describes the decision-making process around which NPI actions should be implemented given certain audiences and community settings before, during, and after a flu pandemic. (Video or Multimedia) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - April 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Asian Cities, Countries Stand Out in the World ’s Fight Against COVID-19, US Clinical Laboratory Testing in the Spotlight
Asian locales reacted swiftly to the threat of COVID-19 by leveraging lessons learned from previous pandemics and making use of serology testing in aggressive contact tracing America’s healthcare leaders in government, hospitals, clinical pathology, and medical laboratories can learn important lessons from the swift responses to the early outbreaks of COVID-19 in countries like Taiwan […] (Source: Dark Daily)
Source: Dark Daily - March 30, 2020 Category: Laboratory Medicine Authors: Jude Tags: Instruments & Equipment International Laboratory News Laboratory Instruments & Laboratory Equipment Laboratory Operations Laboratory Pathology Management & Operations anatomic pathology avian influenza CDC centers for disease control and Source Type: news

Phage capsid against influenza: Perfectly fitting inhibitor prevents viral infection
(Forschungsverbund Berlin) Hope of new therapeutic options for suppressing seasonal influenza and avian flu: On the basis of an empty -- and therefore non-infectious -- shell of a phage virus, researchers from Berlin have developed a chemically modified phage capsid that " stifles " influenza viruses. The results are also being used for the immediate investigation of the coronavirus. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - March 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Microelectronics for birds
(St. Petersburg State University) Ornithologists and physicists from St Petersburg University have conducted an interdisciplinary study together with colleagues from Sechenov Institute of Evolutionary Physiology and Biochemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Biological Station Rybachy of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences. They have created a micro device, weighing less than a gram, which enables them to disrupt locally the avian magnetic compass. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - March 30, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

I ’ve Seen Wars and Epidemics Unfold. But Now That I Have an Immunocompromised Partner, the Coronavirus Makes Me Truly Scared
At midnight on Thursday March 26, all of South Africa went into lockdown. For the next 21 days, no one is to leave their homes unless they are going to the grocery store, the pharmacy or to seek medical help. No dog walking, no jogging, no food delivery services. Only essential workers are exempt, and that list is small. When President Cyril Ramaphosa made the announcement on March 23, a week after shutting the nation’s schools, there were only 402 confirmed COVID-19 cases. But it was essential, he said, to “flatten the curve” before widespread outbreaks overwhelmed the country’s fragile medical sys...
Source: TIME: Health - March 27, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Aryn Baker Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 feature Londontime Source Type: news

FDA accepts Roche ’s New Drug Application for Xofluza (baloxavir marboxil) for the treatment of influenza in children
Basel, 27 March  2020 - Roche (SIX: RO, ROG; OTCQX: RHHBY) today announced that the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has accepted a New Drug Application (NDA) as well as two supplemental New Drug Applications (sNDA) for Xofluza® (baloxavir marboxil). The FDA accepted a NDA for a new formulation of Xofluza as one-dose granules for oral suspension (2 mg/mL), potentially offering a more convenient option for children and those who have difficulty swallowing. In addition, the application seeks approval of Xofluza for the treatment of acute uncomplicated influenza in otherwise healthy children aged one to l ess th...
Source: Roche Investor Update - March 27, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Pneumonia happens to everyone, but when does it become fatal?
(Natural News) About 200 million cases of viral pneumonia occur every year, according to a recent review published in The Lancet. Researchers from Turku University Hospital in Finland and the University of Otago in New Zealand discussed several causes of viral pneumonia and how the infection is linked to other respiratory diseases, such as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and avian influenza. Most... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - March 24, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Clinical Guidance and Coronavirus: Deploying a Mass Casualty Mindset to Stay Ahead of “The Curve”
Source: World Association for Disaster and Emergency Medicine (WADEM). Published: 3/24/2020. This one-hour, 25-minute webinar provides clear and concrete clinical applications of the World Health Organization and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 guidelines, as well as those of various emergency management/critical care professional societies for front-line practitioners. It examines lessons learned from the Ebola, SARS, H1N1, H5N1, and MERS outbreaks; Las Vegas Shooting; and Military Mass Casualty Management. (Video or Multimedia) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - March 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Transportation and COVID-19 – Practices from Other Disease Outbreaks
Source: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Transportation Research Board (TRB). Published: 3/23/2020. This one-hour, 31-minute webinar identifies a holistic approach that transportation and health agencies may take to contain and manage the COVID-19 outbreak. Presenters discussed their experiences with other outbreaks such as H1N1 (2009 – a.k.a. “swine flu”) and avian influenza. They identified challenges COVID-19 has presented in their transportation systems and what their agencies are doing to adapt and mitigate risks for those at greatest risk of contracting the illness. (Vide...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - March 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Record High Flu Hospitalization Rates for Young Kids, Young Adults
In the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, influenza-related hospitalization rates are the highest on record for children younger than 5 years and adults aged 18 to 49 years, the CDC reports. (Source: WebMD Health)
Source: WebMD Health - March 19, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Record High Flu Hospitalization Rates for Young Kids, Young Adults Record High Flu Hospitalization Rates for Young Kids, Young Adults
In the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, influenza-related hospitalization rates are the highest on record for children younger than 5 years and adults aged 18 to 49 years, the CDC reports.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Pathology Headlines)
Source: Medscape Pathology Headlines - March 19, 2020 Category: Pathology Tags: Infectious Diseases News Source Type: news

Avian statisticians
(Source: ScienceNOW)
Source: ScienceNOW - March 19, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Vignieri, S. Tags: twil Source Type: news

Breadth of concomitant immune responses prior to patient recovery: a case report of non-severe COVID-19
Collectively, our study provides novel contributions to the understanding of the breadth and kinetics of immune responses during a non-severe case of COVID-19. This patient did not experience complications of respiratory failure or acute respiratory distress syndrome, did not require supplemental oxygenation, and was discharged within a week of hospitalization, consistent with non-severe but symptomatic disease. We have provided evidence on the recruitment of immune cell populations (ASCs, TFH cells and activated CD4+ and CD8+ T cells), together with IgM and IgG SARS-CoV-2-binding antibodies, in the patient's blood before ...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - March 18, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Philippines detects bird flu outbreak in quail farm
The Philippines has detected an outbreak of avian flu in a northern province after tests showed presence of the highly infectious H5N6 subtype of the influenza A virus in a quail farm, the country's farm minister said on Monday. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - March 16, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news