100 Years of Pandemic Influenza Preparedness 100 Years of Pandemic Influenza Preparedness
This paper highlights advances in medical care and progress in preparedness and countermeasures since the 1918 influenza pandemic. What remains to be done to improve readiness for the next pandemic?American Journal of Public Health (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - November 13, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases Journal Article Source Type: news

Rare fossil bird deepens mystery of avian extinctions
(University of California - Berkeley) Today's birds descend from a small number of bird species living before the dinosaur extinction. Some of the birds that went extinct, the enantiornithines, were actually more common than and out-competed modern bird ancestors. Analysis of a newly described fossil, the most complete known from the Americas, demonstrates, too, that the enantiornithines were as agile and strong in flight as the ancestors of modern birds. Why, then, did enantiornithines die out and modern birds flourish? (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - November 13, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Matter: How to Turbocharge Flu Protection (Llamas Required)
A giant antibody created in the laboratory shielded mice against dozens of flu strains, offering new hope against a winter misery. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - November 1, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: CARL ZIMMER Tags: Influenza Mice Vaccination and Immunization Antibodies Avian Influenza Immune System Viruses Epidemics Deaths (Fatalities) Genetic Engineering Science (Journal) Joost Kulkman Llamas Source Type: news

Matter: How to Turbocharge the Flu Shot (It Involves Llamas)
A giant antibody created in the laboratory shielded mice against dozens of flu strains, offering hope for better protection in humans. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - November 1, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: CARL ZIMMER Tags: Influenza Mice Vaccination and Immunization Antibodies Avian Influenza Immune System Viruses Epidemics Deaths (Fatalities) Genetic Engineering Science (Journal) Joost Kulkman Llamas Source Type: news

Matter: How to Turbocharge the Flu Shot
A giant antibody created in the laboratory protected mice against dozens of flu strains, offering hope for better protection in humans. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - November 1, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: CARL ZIMMER Tags: Influenza Mice Vaccination and Immunization Antibodies Avian Influenza Immune System Viruses Epidemics Deaths (Fatalities) Genetic Engineering Science (Journal) Joost Kulkman Llamas Source Type: news

Bulgaria detects bird flu at two duck farms
Bulgaria's food safety agency reported an outbreak of the virulent bird flu virus on Monday on two duck farms in southern Bulgaria. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - October 29, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Encourage Your Scleroderma Patients to Get Influenza Vaccine Encourage Your Scleroderma Patients to Get Influenza Vaccine
An important new study suggests that the adjuvant-free pandemic influenza A vaccine is safe and effective in patients with scleroderma.Rheumatology (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - October 29, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Rheumatology Journal Article Source Type: news

Feathered Friends Large And Small Flock On Cornell's 'Wall Of Birds'
Artist Jane Kim was nicknamed "Michaelangela" for her work on Cornell's massive Wall of Birds mural — 40 feet high and 100 feet wide, capturing 375 million years of avian evolution in paint.(Image credit: Courtesy of Ink Dwell) (Source: NPR Health and Science)
Source: NPR Health and Science - October 28, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Lulu Garcia-Navarro Source Type: news

Image of the Day: Birds of a Lung
A fossil from the Cretaceous Period shows similarities to modern avian species. (Source: The Scientist)
Source: The Scientist - October 22, 2018 Category: Science Tags: Image of the Day Source Type: news

French foie gras makers say they are ready if bird flu returns
French foie gras makers, still recovering from two severe bird flu crises that ravaged flocks, said on Thursday they would be able to face any new outbreak thanks to strict security measures but prices will remain high to make up for increased costs. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - October 18, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Bulgaria reports bird flu outbreak on two farms in south
Bird flu has broken out on a duck farm and a poultry farm in southern Bulgaria, the country's food safety agency said on Thursday. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - October 18, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Bird flu is evolving in Chinese poultry; the WHO says avian flu has spread to humans for the first time
(Natural News) The first diagnosed human case of H7N4 bird flu has appeared in eastern China, reported a New Scientist article. Chinese authorities have confirmed that a woman from Jiangsu province contracted this particular avian influenza virus. The 68-year-old patient developed symptoms on December 25, 2017. She entered the hospital for treatment on January 1, and was... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - October 18, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Homology, neocortex, and the evolution of developmental mechanisms
The six-layered neocortex of the mammalian pallium has no clear homolog in birds or non-avian reptiles. Recent research indicates that although these extant amniotes possess a variety of divergent and nonhomologous pallial structures, they share a conserved set of neuronal cell types and circuitries. These findings suggest a principle of brain evolution: that natural selection preferentially preserves the integrity of information-processing pathways, whereas other levels of biological organization, such as the three-dimensional architectures of neuronal assemblies, are less constrained. We review the similarities of pallia...
Source: ScienceNOW - October 11, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Briscoe, S. D., Ragsdale, C. W. Tags: Development, Neuroscience special/review Source Type: news

Q & A with Dr Ann Moen: How influenza preparedness helps fight other infectious diseases
Capacity building for influenza is critical because if you can prepare for and respond to flu outbreaks or respiratory events, you learn and practice for responses to other emerging diseases. Flu is not a sporadic outbreak like Ebola or Zika. It is always there, so there is always something to practice with and keep skills sharp. Because flu is a continual threat there is a lot of learning that goes on which also supports work on other emerging diseases. It ’s like the basic architecture for capacity building in all areas. For example, you can practice your communications for responding to outbreaks and better unders...
Source: WHO Feature Stories - October 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: immunization [subject], vaccination, influenza [subject], flu, seasonal influenza, pandemic influenza Source Type: news

China reports new H5N6 bird flu outbreak in Hunan province
China has registered a new case of H5N6 avian bird flu on a poultry farm in southern Hunan province, the Agriculture Ministry said on Tuesday. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - October 9, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Bird flu detected at poultry farm in southern Bulgaria
Bulgaria has reported an outbreak of bird flu virus on a farm in the southern district of Plovdiv, the national food safety agency said on Friday. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

China reports H5N6 bird flu case on poultry farm in Guizhou province
China has reported a case of H5N6 avian bird flu on a poultry farm in southwestern Guizhou province, the nation's agriculture ministry said on Saturday. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - September 29, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

We ’ve Been Drilling Into the Ocean Floor for 50 Years. Here’s What We’ve Learned So Far
This article is republished from The Conversation. Read the original article. (Source: TIME: Science)
Source: TIME: Science - September 28, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Suzanne O'Connell, Wesleyan University / The Conversation Tags: Uncategorized Oceans Source Type: news

Jail birds: Thailand considers prison for feeding pigeons
The Thai capital is considering jailing people who feed pigeons in public to try to eliminate the risk of bird flu and other diseases, officials said on Wednesday. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - September 26, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Bulgaria reports outbreak of virulent bird flu
An outbreak of a virulent bird flu virus has spread to a farm in southern Bulgaria, the Balkan country's food safety agency said on Friday. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - September 21, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

U.S. reports mild bird flu virus at California farm: OIE
The United States has reported an outbreak of the low pathogenic H7N3 bird flu virus at a turkey farm in California, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) said on Friday. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - September 14, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

A continental system for forecasting bird migration
Billions of animals cross the globe each year during seasonal migrations, but efforts to monitor them are hampered by the unpredictability of their movements. We developed a bird migration forecast system at a continental scale by leveraging 23 years of spring observations to identify associations between atmospheric conditions and bird migration intensity. Our models explained up to 81% of variation in migration intensity across the United States at altitudes of 0 to 3000 meters, and performance remained high in forecasting events 1 to 7 days in advance (62 to 76% of variation was explained). Avian migratory movements acr...
Source: ScienceNOW - September 13, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Van Doren, B. M., Horton, K. G. Tags: Ecology reports Source Type: news

Topical cream tested as way to enhance bird flu vaccine
A clinical trial is underway to determine the effectiveness of a topical cream to enhance the immune response to a " pre-pandemic " influenza vaccine. (Source: Health News - UPI.com)
Source: Health News - UPI.com - September 6, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Clinical trial testing topical cream plus influenza vaccine in progress
(NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases) A Phase 1 clinical trial examining whether a topical cream can enhance the immune response conferred by a 'pre-pandemic' influenza vaccine is underway at Baylor College of Medicine, a Vaccine and Treatment Evaluation Unit (VTEU) funded by NIAID. Investigators are evaluating whether imiquimod cream, commonly used to treat genital warts and certain skin cancers, can boost the body's immune response to an H5N1 influenza vaccine. The trial is enrolling 50 healthy adults ages 18-50 years. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - September 5, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China: Update
Since March 2013, when the avian influenza A(H7N9) virus infection was first detected in humans, a total of 1567 laboratory-confirmed human cases, including at least 615 deaths, have been reported to WHO (Figure 1) in accordance with the International Health Regulations (IHR 2005). So far, all but three reported cases have occurred in China. In the latest wave (the sixth wave, which began in October 2017), only three human cases have been detected; meanwhile there have been fewer A(H7N9) virus detections in poultry and environment samples, according to reports from mainland and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region C...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - September 5, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China – update
Since March 2013, when the avian influenza A(H7N9) virus infection was first detected in humans, a total of 1567 laboratory-confirmed human cases, including at least 615 deaths1, have been reported to WHO (Figure 1) in accordance with the International Health Regulations (2005). In the latest wave (the 6th wave since Oct 2017), only three human cases have been detected; meanwhile there have been generally fewer A(H7N9) virus detections in poultry and environment samples, according to various reports from mainland China and China, Hong Kong SAR. WHO has been monitoring the situation, and conducting risk assessments2 through...
Source: WHO Avian Influenza - September 3, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: avian influenza [subject], bird flu, avian flu, fowl plague, influenza in birds, avian bird flu, h5n1, disease outbreaks [subject], outbreak, outbreaks, epidemics, pandemic, disease control, influenza [subject], flu, seasonal influenza, pandemic influenza Source Type: news

Severe human infection with a novel avian-origin influenza A(H7N4) virus
(Science China Press) Avian influenza virus (AIV) is always the threat to human due to its pandemic potential. Herein, a novel reassortant AIV, influenza A(H7N4) virus, has been identified. The virus originated from wild bird AIVs, infected backyard chickens and ducks, and cause a severe human infection. Researchers firstly conducted a comprehensive investigation on this case, confirming the viral infection and the transmission route. Early identification and response interrupted the spread of this novel virus. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - August 31, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

China Withholding H7N9 Bird Flu Virus Samples From U.S.
THURSDAY, Aug. 30, 2018 -- Chinese officials have not sent lab samples of H7N9 bird flu virus to their U.S. counterparts despite repeated requests and an international agreement. U.S. officials say the specimens of the rapidly evolving virus are... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - August 30, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Deadly bird flu could spread because China is refusing to share samples of the virus
Health authorities in China have ignored a request from the UK Government for a sample of the H7N9 bird flu virus which has already killed over 600 people, and experts warn it could cause a pandemic. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - August 30, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Health Highlights: Aug. 30, 2018
Here are some of the latest health and medical news developments, compiled by the editors of HealthDay: China Withholding H7N9 Bird Flu Virus Samples From U.S. Chinese officials have not sent lab samples of H7N9 bird flu virus to their U.S.... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - August 30, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

China Has Withheld Samples of a Dangerous Flu Virus
Despite an international agreement, U.S. health authorities still have not received H7N9 avian flu specimens from their Chinese counterparts. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - August 27, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: EMILY BAUMGAERTNER Tags: Avian Influenza China Vaccination and Immunization International Trade and World Market Epidemics Source Type: news

Lost Worlds wrapping up: dead birds, island hopping and the value of museum collections
With the Science Blog Network closing, Hanneke Meijer reflects on her contributions to the Guardian ’s Lost Worlds RevisitedDespite all the splendid fossils we have covered here on Lost Worlds Revisited, nothing lasts forever (apart from the cold November rain here in Norway). In my time on here, I have covered a range of topics, fromDarwin ’s finches, thepeculiar nature of island faunas, andpenguin feet, tochickens, theevolution of feathers, andClub Med. Although they may seem rather arbitrary at first, they reflect my main interests in island paleobiogeography and avian evolution.Lost Worlds Revisited allowed...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - August 22, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Hanneke Meijer Tags: Science Birds Fossils Evolution Museums Source Type: news

Russia reports severe bird flu outbreak: OIE
Russia has reported an outbreak of the highly pathogenic H5N2 bird flu virus on a farm in the Kostromskaya region in the west of the country, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) said, citing a report from Russia's Agriculture Ministry. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - August 17, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Hong Kong suspends imports of chicken, eggs from Malaysian state after bird flu outbreak
Hong Kong has ordered traders to suspend imports of poultry meat and poultry products like eggs from the Tuaran District of Sabah State in Malaysia, said the city's Centre for Food Safety on Tuesday. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - August 7, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Image of the Day: Nose Dive
Numbers of avian species in the Mojave Desert have fallen. (Source: The Scientist)
Source: The Scientist - August 7, 2018 Category: Science Tags: Image of the Day Source Type: news

Malaysia reports H5N1 bird flu outbreak on farm: OIE
Malaysia has reported an outbreak of the highly contagious H5N1 bird flu virus on a farm in the eastern region of Sabah, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) said on Monday, citing a report from Malaysia's veterinary authorities. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - August 6, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Vietnam reports three outbreaks of highly pathogenic bird flu: IE
Vietnam has reported three outbreaks of highly pathogenic H5N6 bird flu among backyard birds, the Paris-based World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) said on Friday, citing a report from the Vietnamese farm ministry. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - August 3, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Quantifying Contact Rates and Mixing Patterns in Workers in Non-healthcare Work Settings in the United States to Support the Development of Prevention and Control Strategies for Reducing or Slowing the Transmission of Pandemic Influenza
The purpose of this project is to conduct research that describes individual social contact and mixing patterns in workers in non-healthcare work settings in the United States. The goal is to have a better estimate of social contacts in work places to support the development of prevention and control strategies for reducing or slowing the transmission of pandemic influenza. (Source: PHPartners.org)
Source: PHPartners.org - July 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Westward Spread of Avian Influenza A Virus Among Humans Westward Spread of Avian Influenza A Virus Among Humans
This report provides insight into the origination and spread of human infection with H7N9 virus in China.Emerging Infectious Diseases (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - July 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases Journal Article Source Type: news

NIAID dcientists create 3D structure of 1918 influenza virus-like particles
(NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases) Virus-like particles (VLPs) are protein-based structures that mimic viruses and bind to antibodies. Because VLPs aren't infectious, they show promise as vaccine platforms for many viral diseases, including influenza. Since details about influenza VLPs are scant, a team of researchers developed a 3D model based on the 1918 H1 pandemic influenza virus. The research, conducted by NIAID scientists, could benefit VLP vaccine projects, targeting a range of viruses from HIV to Ebola and SARS coronavirus. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - July 11, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

New & Resurgent Infectious Diseases Can Have Far-reaching Economic Repercussions
DAVID E. BLOOM is the Clarence James Gamble Professor of Economics and Demography, DANIEL CADARETTE is a research assistant, and JP SEVILLA is a research associate, all at Harvard University’s T.H. Chan School of Public Health.By David E. Bloom, Daniel Cadarette and JP SevillaWASHINGTON DC, Jul 3 2018 (IPS)Infectious diseases and associated mortality have abated, but they remain a significant threat throughout the world.We continue to fight both old pathogens, such as the plague, that have troubled humanity for millennia and new pathogens, such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), that have mutated or spilled over ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - July 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: David E. Bloom and JP Sevilla Tags: Active Citizens Development & Aid Economy & Trade Global Headlines Health TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

Ghana reports outbreaks of H5 bird flu on farms
PARIS (Reuters) - Ghana has reported two outbreaks of highly pathogenic H5 bird flu on farms, the Paris-based World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) said on Friday, citing a report from Ghana's agriculture ministry. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - June 29, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

China reports highly pathogenic H5N1 bird flu at chicken farm: OIE
PARIS (Reuters) - China reported an outbreak of highly pathogenic H5N1 bird flu at a farm in Qinghai province, the Paris-based World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) said on Tuesday, citing a report from the Chinese agriculture ministry. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - June 26, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

New research on avian response to wildfires
(Point Blue Conservation Science) New research explores the effects fire has on ecosystems and the wildlife species that inhabit them. Scientists examined the impacts of fires of different severity levels on birds and how that changes as the time since fire increases. Scientists looked across 10 fires after they burned through forests in the Sierra Nevada. A key finding was that wildfire had strong, but varied, effects on the density of many of the bird species that were studied. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - June 22, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Russia's Cherkizovo says Bird flu detected at its poultry farm -
MOSCOW (Reuters) - Russian meat producer Cherkizovo said on Thursday bird flu was detected at its poultry farm in Penza region. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - June 21, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

DEPOPULATION blueprint: Scientists engineer human-infecting form of deadly new bird flu, claiming they need to "know how it works"
(Natural News) When you have someone as influential as Bill Gates openly declaring that one of the best ways to save the planet from climate change is to reduce the human population, then you start to look around with distrust, wondering how that goal will be accomplished. In a TED presentation, Bill Gates talked about... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - June 21, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

No, these pterosaurs were not Jurassic puffins | Elsa Panciroli
New research into pterosaur diets is overturning assumptions based on qualitative assertions made decades agoWhat did it eat? This is one of the first questions the general public – and especially kids – ask about extinct animals. It may surprise you to know that palaeontologists sometimes struggle to work out the answer. They may look at living relatives for clues, but for long-gone animals with no living descendants, like pterosaurs, the job is much trickier. What can y ou sensibly compare them to? Even if you make a hypothesis on their diet, how can you test it?Pterosaurs are a group of extinct flying reptil...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - June 20, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Elsa Panciroli Tags: Science Evolution Biology Palaeontology Source Type: news

UAE imposes ban on birds from Russia after flu outbreak: WAM
DUBAI (Reuters) - The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has banned the import of domestic and wild live birds, as well as their meat and meat products from Russia after a bird flu outbreak, state news agency WAM reported on Tuesday. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - June 19, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Fears raised over the spread of a bird flu that kills in China
Professor Jonathan Van-Tam, deputy chief medical officer for England, said it was 'possible' that H7N9, which is currently circulating poultry in China 'could be the cause of the next pandemic'. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - June 15, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Northern Ireland confirms H5N6 bird flu case
LONDON (Reuters) - A case of H5N6 bird flu has been confirmed in a wild greylag goose in Northern Ireland, the department of agriculture, environment and rural affairs said on Friday. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - June 15, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news