Prevalence and antibiotic resistance patterns of Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolated from different types of seafood in Selangor, Malaysia

In this study, the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility test of V. parahaemolyticus in blood clams, shrimps, surf clams, and squids were determined. The overall prevalence of V. parahaemolyticus in seafood was 85.71% (120/140), consisting of 91.43% (32/35) in blood clam, 88.57% (3135) in shrimps, 82.86% (29/35) in surf clams, and 80% (28/35) in squids. The majority of V. parahaemolyticus isolates from the seafood samples were found to be susceptible to most antibiotics except ampicillin, cefazolin, and penicillin. The MAR indices of V. parahaemolyticus isolates ranged from 0.04 to 0.71 and about 90.83% of isolates were found resistant to more than one antibiotic. The high prevalence of V. parahaemolyticus in seafood and multidrug-resistant isolates detected in this study could pose a potential risk to human health and hence appropriate control methods should be in place to minimize the potential contamination and prevent the emergence of antibiotic resistance.
Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research

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This study characterized Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella enterica, and E. coli O157:H7 by collecting rectoanal mucosal swabs and fecal samples from 518 imported beef cattle at Jordan’s major abattoir. A unique 53 L. monocytogenes, 287 S. enterica, and 17 E. coli O157:H7 were isolated from 37, 120 and 9 different animals; respectively. The prevalence of S. enterica, L. monocytogenes and E. coli O157:H7 were 23.2% (95% CI, 19.7-27.0%), 7.1% (95% CI, 5.2-9.7%) and 1.7% (95% CI, 0.9-3.3%); respectively. All L. monocytogenes, all E. coli O157:H7 and 93.0% of S. enterica isolates resisted at least one antimicrobial clas...
Source: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Authors: O'Riordan J, Bhally HS, Salmon AH, de Zoysa JR Abstract Multidrug-resistant organisms cause significant morbidity and mortality. Infections due to resistant gram-negative bacilli are increasingly being reported. For years, carbapenem antibiotics have been successfully used to treat infections due to resistant Enterobacteriaceae, such as Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae, including those producing extended spectrum β-lactamases, a subset of β-lactamase enzymes that confer broad resistance to penicillins and cephalosporins. More recently, carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae have emerge...
Source: Peritoneal Dialysis International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Perit Dial Int Source Type: research
Conclusion: Intubated patients with multidrug-resistant, COS infections have a longer stay in ICU than non-COS patients. COS infections associated with bacteremia have high mortality.
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractMultidrug-resistant gram-negative (MRGN) bacteria are a serious threat to global health. We used genomics to study MRGN obtained from houseflies in a tertiary Rwandan hospital. Our analysis revealed a high abundance of different MRGN includingE. coli pathogenic lineage ST131 suggesting the important role of flies in disseminating highly virulent pathogens in clinical settings and beyond.
Source: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Broad-spectrum antibiotics were common in patients with haematological malignancies in Japan; however, antibiotic-resistant bacteria including carbapenem-resistant or multidrug-resistant bacteria were infrequent. Our results provide nationwide, cross-sectional insight into the use of antimicrobial agents, prevalence of bacteria, and antibiotic resistance, demonstrating differences in antimicrobial utilization among different haematological diseases. PMID: 32066448 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Clinical Lymphoma and Myeloma - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn ESBL-E. coli RUTI, most recurrences were caused by the initial infecting strain. The high frequency of the multidrug-resistant fimH30Rx subclone and its association with multiple recurrences warrants further attention and early detection of this subclone in patients at risk of developing RUTI with ESBL-producing E. coli.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 February 2020Source: Food ControlAuthor(s): Kinga Wieczorek, Ɓukasz Bocian, Jacek OsekAbstractThe aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence of Campylobacter on chicken carcasses tested in Poland during 2014–2018 and to evaluate the antimicrobial susceptibility of the recovered isolates. The results were compared to the previous similar investigations performed in 2009–2013 [Wieczorek K. &Osek J. (2015). A five-year study on prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Campylobacter from poultry carcasses in Poland. Food Microbiology, 49, 161–165]. A tot...
Source: Food Control - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
The emergence of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae poses a significant threat to public health worldwide. Here, we reported a multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli strain with two different blaNDM–5-carrying plasmids from China. Illumina short-read and MinION long-read whole genome sequencing were performed. Genomic analysis found that one blaNDM–5 gene together with mphA was located on a 55-kb IncX3 plasmid, while the other blaNDM–5 gene was on a novel 68-kb IncFII plasmid. Susceptibility testing and quantitative reverse transcription PCR results further indicated that the transconjugants with the I...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Microbial Drug Resistance, Ahead of Print.
Source: Microbial Drug Resistance - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research
In conclusion, wastewater effluents from the investigated poultry slaughterhouses exhibited clinically relevant bacteria (E. coli, MRSA, K. pneumoniae, species of the ACB-and E. cloacae-complexes) that contribute to the dissemination of clinically relevant resistances (i.e. bla CTX-M/SHV, mcr-1) in the environment.Importance Bacteria from livestock may be opportunistic pathogens and carriers of clinically relevant resistance genes, as many antimicrobials are used both in veterinary and human medicine. They may be released into the environment from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) that are influenced by wastewater from s...
Source: Applied and Environmental Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Appl Environ Microbiol Source Type: research
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