Melanoma liver metastases with special imaging features on magnetic resonance imaging after microwave ablations: How to evaluate technical efficacy ?

Conclusion: MWA is a technically feasible option for melanoma liver metastases with special imaging features on MRI.
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research

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Black pigmentation of the airways (black bronchoscopy) can be caused by many etiologies. We herein reported a case of black bronchoscopy for pulmonary malignant melanoma. A 47 ‐year‐old Japanese man was referred to our hospital with a one‐week history of chest discomfort. Chest computed tomography (CT) revealed a mass in the right upper lobe suspected to be primary lung cancer. A biopsy of the mass using endobronchial ultrasonography (EBUS) with guide sheath (GS) wa s performed, and a black‐colored mass was observed which occluded almost all of the right B2b bronchus. Immunohistochemistry of lung specimens was comp...
Source: Thoracic Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: IMAGING IN THORACIC CANCER Source Type: research
Conclusions: Thus, we are presenting the first translational study of solid tumors focusing on the metabolic patterns of primary and secondary lymphoid organs induced by the systemic immune response after CIT. We demonstrate that the widely available 18F-FDG-PET modality is an applicable translational tool that has high potential to stratify patients at an early time point.
Source: Theranostics - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Review authors found a disappointing lack of evidence on the accuracy of imaging in people with a diagnosis of melanoma at different points on the clinical pathway. Studies were small and often reported data according to the number of lesions rather than the number of study participants. Imaging with ultrasound combined with FNAC before SLNB may identify around one-fifth of those with nodal disease, but confidence intervals are wide and further work is needed to establish cost-effectiveness. Much of the evidence for whole body imaging for primary staging or re-staging of disease is focused on PET-CT, and compa...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
ConclusionsThese two cases suggest that indels might be a new predictor of PD-1 blockade response for ICC patients beside PD-L1 expression, TMB, MSI, and dMMR, warranting further clinical investigation.
Source: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions The recent, first randomized clinical trial demonstrated overall and progression free survival benefits after SBRT to oligometastatic disease which supports prior retrospective case series (6). The spine is a common site of metastatic bone disease, and as high quality data continue to mature, along with completion of additional randomized clinical trials, it is expected that utility of SBRT to the spine will increase in the future. Spine SBRT is unique due to the requirement of sharp dose falloff to prevent serious neurologic morbidity. With recent advances in radiotherapy planning, robotic patient positionin...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions Several model systems are now available to characterize the MSC-tumour interplay in the TME. These offer early promise in establishing robust preclinical platforms for the identification of crucial molecular pathways and for the assessment of clinical efficacy of novel drugs to inhibit cancer development and progression. However, selection of the right model for a given study should be shaped on the purpose, and should also consider fixed biological, biochemical, and biophysical parameters according to the specific tumour type. Finally, in order to get reliable and useful results to be translated to the clinic...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This report supports that the novel mutation of RNF139 p.Q650R probably serve as a key role in HBs progression. Introduction Central nervous system hemangioblastomas (HBs) are benign tumors which usually occur in cerebellum (1), and the pathogenesis of HBs is still unknown. According to the revised World Health Organization (WHO) classification of tumors of the nervous system published in 2000, HBs were classified to the tumors of uncertain histogenesis. The morphology code of the International Classification of Diseases for Oncology (ICD-O)is 9161/1, grade I. HBs are composed of mesenchymal cells and abundant capi...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Brain metastases (BM) are the most frequent intracranial malignant tumor. Various prognostic factors facilitate the prediction of survival; however, few have become tools for clinical use. PURPOSE: To investigate the role of three-dimensional (3D) quantitative tissue enhancement in pre-treatment cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as a radiomic biomarker for survival (OS) in patients with singular BM treated with stereotactic radiation therapy (SRT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, 48 patients (27 non-small cell lung cancer and 21 melanoma) with singular BM tr...
Source: Acta Radiologica - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Acta Radiol Source Type: research
AbstractDifferent types of imaging modalities are used in the diagnosis of ocular cancer. Selection of an imaging modality is based on the features of a tumor as well as the inherent characteristics of the imaging technique. It is vital to select an appropriate imaging modality in diagnosis of ocular tumor with confidence. This review focuses on five most commonly used imaging modalities, i.e., positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET/CT), single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), optical coherence tomography (OCT), ultrasound (US), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The principal of imaging modal...
Source: The AAPS Journal - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In this study, we propose a simple model for prediction of hypoxic level in tumors based on multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging. The study was performed on B16F1 murine melanoma tumors ex vivo that were first magnetic resonance scanned and then analyzed for hypoxic level using hypoxia-inducable factor 1-alpha antibody staining. Each tumor was analyzed in identical sections and in identical regions of interest for pairs of hypoxic level and magnetic resonance values (apparent diffusion coefficient and T2). This was followed by correlation analysis between hypoxic level and respective magnetic resonance values. A mode...
Source: Technology in Cancer Research and Treatment - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Technol Cancer Res Treat Source Type: research
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