Immunological and epidemiological evaluation of EBV infections among HIV-1 infected individuals in Abakaliki, Nigeria supports the potential use of neutrophils as a marker of EBV in HIV disease progression and as useful markers of immune activation.

Immunological and epidemiological evaluation of EBV infections among HIV-1 infected individuals in Abakaliki, Nigeria supports the potential use of neutrophils as a marker of EBV in HIV disease progression and as useful markers of immune activation. J Immunoassay Immunochem. 2019 Dec 28;:1-13 Authors: Okonko IO, Makinde TS, Okonko BJ, Ogbu O Abstract Human herpesvirus 4 which is commonly known as Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is one of the opportunistic pathogens that affect human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected individuals and it is the leading cause of death and cancer in humans. The study was designed to evaluate the prevalence of EBV among HIV-1 infected individuals in Abakaliki metropolis, Ebonyi State, Nigeria. A total of 91 HIV-1 infected individuals were collected from Mile 4 Hospital, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria. ELISA was used to determine the Epstein-Barr Nuclear Antigen (EBNA) IgG and IgM antibodies. Full blood count (FBC), white cell count (WBC) and differential counts were also determined using standard hematological methods. Of the 91 serum samples obtained from HIV-1 infected individuals, 87(95.6%) and 20(22.0%) samples were found to be positive for EBVNA IgG and IgM antibody respectively. All the age groups had significant IgG prevalence, but age groups ≤ 20 years, and ≥ 41 had the highest prevalence while age group 21-30 years was found to have a less rate of prevalence. Also, the highest seropositivity for IgM anti...
Source: Journal of Immunoassay and Immunochemistry - Category: Biochemistry Tags: J Immunoassay Immunochem Source Type: research

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