Retinoids Repress Human Cardiovascular Cell Calcification With Evidence for Distinct Selective Retinoid Modulator Effects.
CONCLUSIONS: These results establish retinoid regulation of human cardiovascular calcification, provide new insight into mechanisms involved in these responses, and suggest selective retinoid modulators, like acyclic retinoids may allow for treating cardiovascular calcification without the adverse effects associated with cyclic retinoids. PMID: 31852220 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic DisordersAuthor(s): N.G. Shah, B.C. Wible, J.A. Paulisi, M. Zaki, P. Lamparello, A. Sista, M. Sadek, G.R. Jacobowitz, T.S. Maldonado
CONCLUSIONS: As the present study was the first investigation on the coagulation status in patients with AA, elevated D-dimer levels in alopecia areata may suggest a deficient coagulation in these patients that may contribute to an increase in the risk of thrombosis. Further studies are needed to evaluate this hypothesis using a larger sample size. PMID: 33034439 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 7 October 2020Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Amit Bansal, Anant Kumar
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic DisordersAuthor(s): Chen Huang, Wenwen Zhang, Huoqi Liang
Publication date: Available online 8 October 2020Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic DisordersAuthor(s): Heepeel Chang, Caron B. Rockman, Glenn R. Jacobowitz, Giancarlo Speranza, William S. Johnson, James M. Horowitz, Karan Garg, Thomas S. Maldonado, Mikel Sadek, Michael E. Barfield
n F Abstract Aortic valve stenosis is the most prevalent heart valve disease worldwide. Although interventional treatment options have rapidly improved in recent years, symptomatic aortic valve stenosis is still associated with high morbidity and mortality. Calcific aortic valve stenosis is characterized by a progressive fibro-calcific remodeling and thickening of the aortic valve cusps, which subsequently leads to valve obstruction. The underlying pathophysiology is complex and involves endothelial dysfunction, immune cell infiltration, myofibroblastic and osteoblastic differentiation, and, subsequently, calcific...
CONCLUSIONS: The findings imply that endothelial FSTL1 is critical for the homeostasis of vascular walls, and its insufficiency may favor cardiovascular fibrosis leading to heart failure. PMID: 32078339 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates the heterogeneity of myeloid cells in heart valves and highlights an alteration of macrophage subpopulations, notably an increased presence of infiltrating CCR2+ monocytes and CD206+ macrophages, in myxomatous valve disease. PMID: 29348122 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
PMID: 28446469 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: This study identifies one of the underlying molecular mechanisms of heart valve calcification and demonstrates that overexpression of Cad-11 upregulates RhoA and Sox9 to induce calcification and extracellular matrix remodeling in adult AoV pathogenesis. The findings provide a potential molecular target for clinical treatment. PMID: 27312222 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]