Programmed Death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) Expression in Thymic Epithelial Tumors

Thymic epithelial tumors (TETs) are uncommon neoplasms of the mediastinum. The gold standard treatment is complete surgical resection which can be followed by radio/chemotherapy in selected cases. Targeted tyrosine kinase inhibition can be considered in only a limited number of aggressive or metastatic tumors as EGFR, BRAF, or c-kit mutations are rare. However, previous studies have demonstrated the efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitors in epithelial neoplasias, such as in programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expressing nonsmall cell lung carcinoma. Because of their rare occurrence the data on PD-L1 distribution in thymic neoplasias are limited. PD-L1 and PD-1 expression in tumor cells and tumor infiltrating immune cells was determined in TETs according to criteria published for lung carcinomas. Comparison with major clinical, pathologic, and biological features was also done. In total, 36 TETs (29 thymomas and 7 thymic carcinomas) were analyzed. PD-L1 immunohistochemical staining (Ventana PD-L1 clone SP142) was performed in all cases. The percentage of the positive tumor cells (TC value), the percentage of tumor area occupied by positive immune cells (IC value) was evaluated. Evaluation of PD-L1 expression in tumor cells showed a good reproducibility (κ-value: 0.840; Spearman r=0.966; P
Source: Applied Immunohistochemistry and Molecular Morphology - Category: Chemistry Tags: Research Articles Source Type: research

Related Links:

In conclusion, adjuvant nonpaclitaxel chemotherapy and laparoscopic tumor spillage before the staging operation did not worsen the outcome in stage IC OCCC. Positive washing cytology has a negative effect on PFS but not on OS.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
We report a case of esophageal carcinosarcoma harboring basaloid squamous cell carcinoma successfully treated with preoperative chemotherapy. A 78-year-old man complaining dysphagia was diagnosed as esophageal carcinosarcoma. After two courses of preoperative chemotherapy with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil, curative esophagectomy with lymph node dissection was performed thoracoscopically. Histopathological findings of the resected specimen revealed the mixture of basaloid squamous cell carcinoma and sarcomatous spindle cells. A transitional zone between both components was also detected. As fibrosis was identified around bo...
Source: The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Tohoku J Exp Med Source Type: research
ConclusionUreteral neuroendocrine tumors are extremely rare. Neuroendocrine markers (CD56, CgA, Syn) and epithelial markers (CKpan, CK7) are usually helpful. Grimelius special staining and electron microscopy observation can help to make a final diagnosis. Radical surgery together with postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy can improve the survival of patients. Vimentin may play a role in predicting the prognosis.
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Brain metastasis is a rare and generally late manifestation of an advanced-stage, high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma. Nowadays, the improved control of intra-abdominal disease by surgery and platinum-based chemotherapy results in a longer survival, allowing distant metastasis to implant and grow in the brain parenchyma. Herein, we describe a unique case of a cerebellar metastasis from clear cell ovarian carcinoma that initially presented as a FIGO Stage IC cancer. Surprisingly, 6 mo after surgery, the patient was in good condition with complete disappearance of symptoms and no evidence of recurrence. This relativel...
Source: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: PATHOLOGY OF THE UPPER TRACT: CASE REPORTS Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Ureteral neuroendocrine tumors are extremely rare. Neuroendocrine markers (CD56, CgA, Syn) and epithelial markers (CKpan, CK7) are usually helpful. Grimelius special staining and electron microscopy observation can help to make a final diagnosis. Radical surgery together with postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy can improve the survival of patients. Vimentin may play a role in predicting the prognosis. PMID: 31859117 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Pathology, Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Pathol Res Pract Source Type: research
Authors: Guo B, Wang L, Qin X, Shen Y, Ma C Abstract A number of studies have reported the upregulation and functional roles of Jumonji domain-containing protein 6 (JMJD6) in various types of cancer. However, little is known regarding the clinical significance of JMJD6 in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), particularly in terms of large-cohort data. In the present study, bioinformatics analysis was performed, using the University of California Santa Cruz Xena Browser and the Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis 2 server, based on the Cancer Genome Atlas HNSCC cohort. In addition, a validation ...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
AbstractGermline/somaticBRCA-mutated ovarian carcinomas (OC) are associated to have better response with platinum-based chemotherapy and long-term prognosis than non-BRCA-associated OCs. In addition, these mutations are predictive factors to response to Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors. Different positioning papers have addressed the clinical recommendations forBRCA testing in OC. This consensus guide represents a collection of technical recommendations to address the detection ofBRCA1/2 mutations in the molecular diagnostic testing strategy for OC. Under the coordination of Spanish Society of Pathology (SEAP-...
Source: Virchows Archiv - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our research illustrates that PSH inhibits the migration and invasion of human NPC cells. After exposure to PSH on NPC, the expression of MMP-2 is downregulated and EMT is suppressed through MAPK signaling pathways. These observations suggest that PSH could be a potential anti-metastatic agent for patients with NPC.
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to compare efficacy and safety of two dose-dense weekly regimens to standard 3-weekly chemotherapy in a predominantly European population with epithelial ovarian cancer.MethodsIn this phase 3 trial, women with newly diagnosed International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IC–IV epithelial ovarian cancer were randomly assigned to group 1 (carboplatin area under the curve [AUC]5 or AUC6 and 175 mg/m2 paclitaxel every 3 weeks), group 2 (carboplatin AUC5 or AUC6 every 3 weeks and 80 mg/m2 paclitaxel weekly), or group 3 (carboplatin AUC2 and 80 mg/m2 paclitaxel weekly). Written informe...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
In conclusion, our data suggest that dose-dense weekly paclitaxel (80 mg/m2) combined with low-dose triweekly cisplatin (20 mg/m2) is a potentially effective and highly tolerable front-line treatment in advanced EOC, FTC, and PPSC. Randomized trials comparing the outcome of this regimen to other standard therapies for FIGO stage IIIC–IV EOC, FTC, and PPSC are warranted.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
More News: Cancer & Oncology | Carcinoma | Chemistry | Chemotherapy | Epithelial Cancer | Molecular Biology | Study