Hydatid cyst of the heart with mitral valve stenosis; case report

Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: Annals of Medicine and SurgeryAuthor(s): Alaa S. Bahjat, Ahamd Mohammad Sharif Tahir, Ayad Ahmad MohammedAbstractHydatid cyst of the heart is very rare, the left ventricle is the commonest site of myocardial involvement due to dominant left coronary vessels and thicker wall. Isolated cardiac involvement is extremely rare. Patients may be quite asymptomatic but the cyst may cause palpitation, dyspnea, chest pain, or when ruptured in to the cardiac or pericardial cavities may cause emergency presentations like anaphylactic reactions, sudden collapse due to pericardial tamponade or even sudden death.A middle age female presented with exertional shortness of breath for 2 years. Echocardiography showed mitral valve stenosis. Computerized tomography scan of the chest showed a big complicated hydatid cyst arising from the wall of the right ventricle. Median sternotomy was done with excision of the hydatid cyst, and repair of mitral stenosis by commissurotomy. The patient received three cycles of albendazole for three months.Surgery is the best options of treatment of cardiac hydatid disease, when the disease is affecting the pericardium complete excision may be possible, but when the myocardium is involved it may be difficult or even impossible to do complete excision, in this situation the cyst contents should be evacuated completely, preventing spillage is very mandatary to prevent recurrence. Care must be taken to avoid da...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Related Links:

CONCLUSIONS: Awareness of possible repercussions of the celiac trunk stenosis to peripancreatic arteries should be elevated. Restoration of physiological blood flow by removing pathologic anatomy should be performed. Since there is no correlation between the size of a visceral aneurysm and the risk of rupture, having a high postrupture mortality, pancreaticoduodenal artery aneurysms should be treated even if asymptomatic. Surgical treatment remains the mainstay treatment of the Dunbar syndrome complicated by visceral aneurysms. PMID: 31961777 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Chirurgica Belgica - Category: Surgery Tags: Acta Chir Belg Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 January 2020Source: Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology and Environmental MutagenesisAuthor(s): Donna Goodenow, Faith Emmanuel, Chase Berman, Mark Sahyouni, Christine RichardsonAbstractBioflavonoids have a similar chemical structure to etoposide, the well-characterized topoisomerase II (Top2) poison, and evidence shows that they also induce DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) and promote genome rearrangements. The purpose of this study was to determine the kinetics of bioflavonoid-induced DSB appearance and repair, and their dependence on Top2. Cells were exposed to bioflavonoids individu...
Source: Mutation Research Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 January 2020Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Joseph Santiapillai, Sachin AgrawalAbstractA 61 year old gentleman had a large renal cyst, thought to be causing a ‘pseudo-hydrocalyx’ leading to recurrent stones. Definitive treatment with laparoscopic deroofing was planned, however intra-operatively this was abandoned due to complex anatomy and scared adherent tissue. Patient went on to have a flexible ureteroscopy and ‘through and through’ puncture of an intrarenal cyst with PCNL to treat his stones and renal cyst simultaneously. CT scan 12 months later showe...
Source: Urology Case Reports - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
OBJECTIVE: Individuals exposed to trauma, especially those who develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), are at a higher risk of suffering from chronic pain as well as altered pain perception and modulation. However, the underlying mechanisms of these ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 21 January 2020Source: The American Journal of SurgeryAuthor(s): Kenneth H. Perrone, Su Yang, Hossein Mohamadipanah, Brett Wise, Anna Witt, Cassidi Goll, Carla PughAbstractBackgroundWe hypothesized that differences in motion data during a simulated laparoscopic ventral hernia repair (LVH) can be used to stratify top and lower tier performers and streamline video review.Materials and methodsSurgical residents (N = 94) performed a simulated partial LVH repair while wearing motion tracking sensors. We identified the top ten and lower ten performers based on a final product quality score ...
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
We presented a rare case of cystic echinococcosis involving left ventricle in a child, and surgery is an alternative and effective therapy for this lesion due to the cyst rupture or leakage that can result in anaphylaxis. The typical imaging features of the cardiac echinococcosis on cardiac magnetic resonance are presented. Patient prognosis relies on proper treatment of all lesions.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
ConclusionCardiac hydatid cyst is a rare finding with a wide range of signs and symptoms. We are reporting this case to underline that cardiac hydatidosis should be considered as a differential diagnosis in young patients who suddenly develop acute limb ischaemic without a history of both cardiac diseases and trauma that lives in endemic regions of hydatidosis.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionSingle-stage surgery is a viable option for multiple- and multi-site hydatids.
Source: Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 2 November 2018Source: Annals of Medicine and SurgeryAuthor(s): Namita Bhutani, Pradeep KajalAbstractCystic echinococcosis (CE) is a widely endemic helminthic disease caused by infection with metacestodes (larval stage) of the Echinococcus granulosus tapeworm and transmitted by dogs. E. granulosus are common parasites in certain parts of the world, and are present on every continent with the exception of Antarctica. As a result, a large number of people are affected by CE. In humans, the disease is characterized by slowly growing cyst commonly occurring in liver and lungs. Clinical featur...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2018Source: Respiratory Medicine Case ReportsAuthor(s): Majid Dudha, Zakir Shaikh, Mohammed Bhaiyat, Ishaq Jamaloddin, Zainab-Tasneem BhaiyatAbstractEchinococcosis, also known as Hydatid disease, is caused by the larvae of the tapeworm Echinococcus. It is globally prevalent and is a major clinical health concern. It is endemic in most underdeveloped regions including Asia, the Mediterranean, South America and Africa. There are four species within the genus Echinococcus, with E. granulosus and E. multilocularis being the most common, causing Cystic Echinococcosis (CE) and Alveol...
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
More News: Anaphylactic Shock | Cardiology | Computers | Echinococcosis | Emergency Medicine | Gastroschisis Repair | General Medicine | Heart | Heart Valve Surgery | Pain | PET Scan