Prediction of pedestrian brain injury due to vehicle impact using computational biomechanics models: Are head-only models sufficient?

Conclusions: This study suggests that the FE head-only models may be deficient for car-to-pedestrian impact accident reconstruction and estimation of risk of the pedestrian brain injury. In particular, this applies to the models that simplify the pedestrian skull as a rigid body. PMID: 31770038 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

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New data on head injury support evidence-based guidance to restrict antipsychotic use in patients with dementia to those with the most severe neuropsychiatric symptoms, and for a short, limited time.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news
Snow sport head injury mechanisms are complex and cannot be represented through a single impact scenario. By relating clinical data to injury mechanism, improved evaluation methods for protective measures and ultimately better protection can be achieved.
Source: Clinical Biomechanics - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
OBJECTIVE: Major studies (PECARN [Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network], CATCH [Canadian Assessment of Childhood Head Injury]) that regulate the use of computed tomography (CT) algorithms in children with minor head trauma (MHT) have been cond...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis review informs the practicing clinician regarding the pathophysiology of mild traumatic brain injury and its implication on the anesthetic management of patients presenting for surgery. It highlights several areas where data is sparse that might spark the interest of researchers. It proposes a broad guideline for managing patients who present for surgery.Recent FindingsThe post-concussive brain has a vulnerable window of risk in which secondary insult might worsen long-term outcome. Scheduling elective surgery beyond this window of vulnerability might be beneficial. Several biomarkers may prov...
Source: Current Anesthesiology Reports - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Patients should seek specialty care, including targeted treatments for specific symptoms, as soon as possible after head injury, the author of a new study says.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Off-field screening tools, such as the Sports Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT), have been recommended to identify possible concussion following a head impact where the consequences are unclear. However, real-life performance, and diagnostic ac...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news
In conclusion, these observations indicate a synergism between thrombin and mTBI in lowering seizure in the pilocarpine model and possibly aggravating inflammation. We believe that these results will improve the understanding of PTS pathophysiology and contribute to the development of more targeted therapies in the future.
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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Source: British Journal of Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Source Type: research
Introduction: A radiological scoring system to define a 'surgically significant' mild Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) could stratify neurosurgical referrals, and improve communication between referral centres and neurosurgical units, as most referrals ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
A 49-year-old female with history of daily inhaled corticosteroid use for asthma presented to a concussion clinic 7 wk after sport-related head injury with headache, visual blurring, dizziness, nausea, fatigue, polydipsia, and polyuria. Examination reveale...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
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