Prostaglandin F2 α-induced Prostate Transmembrane Protein, Androgen Induced 1 mediates ovarian cancer progression increasing epithelial plasticity.

Prostaglandin F2α-induced Prostate Transmembrane Protein, Androgen Induced 1 mediates ovarian cancer progression increasing epithelial plasticity. Neoplasia. 2019 Nov 14;21(11):1073-1084 Authors: Jiménez-Segovia A, Mota A, Rojo-Sebastián A, Barrocal B, Rynne-Vidal A, García-Bermejo ML, Gómez-Bris R, Hawinkels LJAC, Sandoval P, Garcia-Escudero R, López-Cabrera M, Moreno-Bueno G, Fresno M, Stamatakis K Abstract The role of prostaglandin (PG) F2α has been scarcely studied in cancer. We have identified a new function for PGF2α in ovarian cancer, stimulating the production of Prostate Transmembrane Protein, Androgen Induced 1 (PMEPA1). We show that this induction increases cell plasticity and proliferation, enhancing tumor growth through PMEPA1. Thus, PMEPA1 overexpression in ovarian carcinoma cells, significantly increased cell proliferation rates, whereas PMEPA1 silencing decreased proliferation. In addition, PMEPA1 overexpression buffered TGFβ signaling, via reduction of SMAD-dependent signaling. PMEPA1 overexpressing cells acquired an epithelial morphology, associated with higher E-cadherin expression levels while β-catenin nuclear translocation was inhibited. Notwithstanding, high PMEPA1 levels also correlated with epithelial to mesenchymal transition markers, such as vimentin and ZEB1, allowing the cells to take advantage of both epithelial and mesenchymal characteristics, gaining in cell pl...
Source: Neoplasia - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Neoplasia Source Type: research

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In this study, two novel benzimidazolium salts consisting propane sulfonate order were integrated in high yields as N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) precursors.The silver-NHC buildings were set up by responding 1-(2,2-dimethoxyethyl)- 3-(propyl-3-sulfonate)benzimidazolium and 1-(2,2-diethoxyethyl)- 3-(propyl-3-sulfonate)benzimidazolium with silver oxide on average state. Gold-NHC edifices were acquired by means of transmetallation of their silver precursors with [AuCl{S(CH3)2}]. The structures of all mixes were completely portrayed by spectroscopic techniques (1H-NMR, 13C{1H} NMR , IR and elemental and further analyzed by DFT/...
Source: Inorganica Chimica Acta - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: PSs represent a potential tool to treat this form of breast cancer by providing peptides that may be useful in therapy. PMID: 32065785 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Breast Disease - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Breast Dis Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 February 2020Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global HealthAuthor(s): Hombaiah Chandana, B. Madhu, M.R. Narayana MurthyAbstractIntroductionGlobally, cervical cancer is the 4th most common cancer and is one of the leading cancers causing death in India. Cervical cancer is one of those cancers which can be easily prevented by screening women who are aged above 30 years and by vaccinating young girls against HPV. Lack of awareness about cervical cancer makes early detection and timely screening difficult. Awareness about cervical cancer among people will help us to decide on an appropria...
Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur findings support measurement invariance of the EORTC QLQ-C30 in a large sample of patients with hematological malignancies. The results showed that the number of non-invariant items was negligible, suggesting that this questionnaire is a valid and robust measurement tool in patients with hematological malignancies, also for comparisons across groups and time.
Source: Quality of Life Research - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
Conclusion MTDH is pro-oncogenic factor playing multifaceted and diverse roles in cancer progression. Its association and central role in regulating signaling pathways such a MAPK, wnt/β-catenin, PI3K/AkT, NF-κβ pathways in various cancers shows that it plays a vital role in metastasis. MTDH contribution to chemo and radiotherapy resistance provides a new direction for the development of anticancer therapeutics. Multiple mechanisms converge to promote expression of MTDH in cancers. Further studies are therefore warranted to determine whether the elevated MTDH expression has prognostic value for development...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions This review describes how leukocyte-heparanase can be a double-edged sword in tumor progression; it can enhance tumor immune surveillance and tumor cell clearance, but also promote tumor survival and growth. We also discuss the potential of using heparanase in leukocyte therapies against tumors, and the effects of heparanase inhibitors on tumor progression and immunity. We are just beginning to understand the influence of heparanase on a pro/anti-tumor immune response, and there are still many questions to answer. How do the pro/anti-tumorigenic effects of heparanase differ across different cancer types? Does...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Markus Hartl* and Rainer Schneider Center of Molecular Biosciences (CMBI), Institute of Biochemistry, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria The neuronal proteins GAP43 (neuromodulin), MARCKS, and BASP1 are highly expressed in the growth cones of nerve cells where they are involved in signal transmission and cytoskeleton organization. Although their primary structures are unrelated, these signaling proteins share several structural properties like fatty acid modification, and the presence of cationic effector domains. GAP43, MARCKS, and BASP1 bind to cell membrane phospholipids, a process reversibly regulate...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, osmotic burst of inflated complement-damaged cells may occur, but these bursts are most likely a consequence of metabolic collapse of the cell rather than the cause of cell death. The Complement Cell Death Mediator: A Concerted Action of Toxic Moieties Membrane pores caused by complement were first visualized by electron microscopy on red blood cell membranes as large ring structures (22). Similar lesions were viewed on E. coli cell walls (23). Over the years, ample information on the fine ultrastructure of the MAC that can activate cell death has been gathered (24) and has been recently further examined (...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Translocation of stabilized β-catenin from cytoplasm to the nucleus plays an important role in predicting platinum sensitivity. It also seems to support the chance for platinum re-induction in AEOC and thus enhances long-term survival. PMID: 28651933 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Pathology, Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Pathol Res Pract Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to explore whether Gal-3 promoted progression and carboplatin resistance in EOC via NF-κB pathway. Plasmid transfection and RNA interference were used to upregulate or downregulate the expression of Gal-3 in ovarian cancer cell lines. Then, the expression of Gal-3 and the protein expressions of phosphorylation NF-κB pathway molecules were further detected by Western blot. Transwell migration assay was employed to detect the effects of Gal-3 on the migration and invasion of ovarian cancer cell lines. After treatment with carboplatin, flow cytometry (FCM) was employed to detect the effects...
Source: Tumor Biology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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