Fenofibrate increases very-long-chain sphingolipids and improves blood glucose homeostasis in NOD mice

Conclusions/interpretationThese data indicate that fenofibrate alters the pancreatic lipidome to a more anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic state. The beneficial effects on islet sympathetic nerve fibres and blood glucose homeostasis indicate that fenofibrate could be used as a therapeutic approach to improve blood glucose homeostasis and prevent diabetes-associated pathologies.
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

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This study demonstrates for the first time that senescent cells secrete functional LTs, significantly contributing to the LTs pool known to cause or exacerbate idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Against Senolytics https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2019/11/against-senolytics/ There is no consensus in science that is so strong as to have no heretics. So here we have an interview with a naysayer on the matter of senolytic treatments, who argues that the loss of senescent cells in aged tissues will cause more harm to long-term health than the damage they will do by remaining. To be clear, I think this to be a ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
ConclusionThe use of a subset of clinical and laboratory characteristics can be more accessible than the cardiac reflex tests and more accurate than a single isolated characteristic.
Source: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Systemic ß adrenergic stimulation/ sympathetic nerve system stimulation influences intraocular RAS through cAMP in the RPE. Exp Eye Res. 2019 Oct 04;:107828 Authors: Martins JR, Reichhart N, Kociok N, Stindl J, Foeckler R, Lachmann P, Todorov V, Castrop H, Strauß O Abstract Several lines of evidence support the existence of a renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in the retina that is separated from the blood stream by the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). Under physiological conditions, increased activity of intraretinal RAS regulates neuronal activity of the retina but patho-physiologically par...
Source: Experimental Eye Research - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tags: Exp Eye Res Source Type: research
This article reviews the literature on CAN in obesity, pre-DM and MetS, to help determine a rationale for screening, early intervention treatment and formulate future resear ch questions in this highly prevalent condition.
Source: Diabetes Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
pler P, Harangi M Abstract Cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN) is a common complication in type 1 and 2 diabetes and is defined as the impairment of autonomic control of the cardiovascular system. CAN is strongly associated with increased mortality, and in some studies with morbidity of vascular complications, such as stroke, coronary artery disease and myocardial infarction. At the early stages, CAN can be subclinical and it becomes clinically evident as the disease progresses. Subclinically, the disease is defined by cardiovascular reflex testing, which may have prognostic implications. Clinically, the impairment...
Source: Orvosi Hetilap - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Orv Hetil Source Type: research
Abstract Homeostasis in the cardiovascular system is maintained by physiological functions of the Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone System (RAAS). In pathophysiological conditions, over activation of RAAS leads to an increase in the concentration of Angiotensin II (AngII) and over activation of Angiotensin Type 1 Receptor (AT1R) resulting in vasoconstriction, sodium retention and change in myocyte growth. In the heart it causes cardiac remodeling which result in left ventricular hypertrophy, dilation and dysfunction which eventually leads to Heart Failure (HF). Inhibition of RAAS using angiotensin converting enzyme in...
Source: Current Drug Targets - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Drug Targets Source Type: research
Authors: Liu Y, Li L, Qiu M, Tan L, Zhang M, Li J, Zhu H, Jiang S, Su X, Li A Abstract The diabetes mellitus has posed a grave threat on human health, and is bound to result in renal trauma by uncertain mechanisms. Increasing evidences indicated that the activation of the renin-angiotensin system plays a pivotal role during the progression of diabetic kidney disease. In streptozotocin (STZ)-induced type 1 diabetic rat model, the losartan (a selective angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor antagonist) and tempol (4-Hydroxy-TEMPO, reactive oxygen species scavenger) were administrated through intracerebroventricular inj...
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The diurnal variation in bone formation is attenuated in patients with type 2 diabetes. This is not explained by changes in incretin hormone levels, but possibly mediated by sclerostin. PMID: 31189129 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Eur J Endocrinol Source Type: research
Conclusion Taken together, evidence from animal and human studies demonstrates that the brain detects levels of circulating nutrients and hormones and consequently organizes an outward response that contributes to the regulation of whole-body glucose homeostasis. However, there are major knowledge gaps about the exact nature of this response and its relative importance compared to peripheral processes. As we have seen, animal studies have provided an anatomical map of CNS glucose regulation and have identified important neurons and neural circuits involved. Additionally, the CNS sensing of key nutrients and hormones has b...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Reena Goswami1, Gayatri Subramanian2, Liliya Silayeva1, Isabelle Newkirk1, Deborah Doctor1, Karan Chawla2, Saurabh Chattopadhyay2, Dhyan Chandra3, Nageswararao Chilukuri1 and Venkaiah Betapudi1,4* 1Neuroscience Branch, Research Division, United States Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense, Aberdeen, MD, United States 2Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of Toledo College of Medicine and Life Sciences, Toledo, OH, United States 3Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, Buffalo, NY, United States 4Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Case Western Reserve University, Clev...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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