SERPINE1 as a cancer-promoting gene in gastric adenocarcinoma: facilitates tumour cell proliferation, migration, and invasion by regulating EMT.

SERPINE1 as a cancer-promoting gene in gastric adenocarcinoma: facilitates tumour cell proliferation, migration, and invasion by regulating EMT. J Chemother. 2019 Nov 14;:1-11 Authors: Yang JD, Ma L, Zhu Z Abstract We assessed the expression of Serpin Family E Member 1 (SERPINE1) and its prognostic values in gastric adenocarcinoma (GAC) by using the data from TCGA database. The biological functions of SERPINE1 in GAC cells were detected by cell counting Kit-8, colony-forming, Transwell, and wound-healing assays, appropriately. Relative mRNA and protein levels were detected by RT-qPCR and western blot. Bioinformatics analysis indicated that SERPINE1 was significantly up-regulated in GAC tissues compared to normal tissues. High SERPINE1 expression led to a short overall survival and could act as an independent prognosticator for GAC patients. Besides, down-regulation of SERPINE1 showed a suppressive effect on the phenotype of GAC cells and significantly inhibited the EMT process. Over-expression of SERPINE1 got the reverse outcomes. These data suggest that SERPINE1 contributes to the proliferation, invasion and migration of GAC cells, insinuating that SERPINE1 may be considered as a novel biomarker for GAC treatment. PMID: 31724495 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Chemotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Chemother Source Type: research

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ConclusionsFOLFIRI  + S has signs of clinical activity in patients with advanced gastric and GEJ adenocarcinoma, and the side-effect profile was similar to previously reported studies. Current treatment paradigms in gastric cancer probably negate further study of this regimen.ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00524186.
Source: Targeted Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractThe Japanese guideline for gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumor treatment recommends everolimus or sunitinib as first-line treatment for unresectable pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs). Streptozocin (STZ) is recommended as an alternative. We encountered a patient with PNET who had multiple liver metastases and who showed a remarkable response to third-line STZ. The patient was a 50-year-old man with a pancreatic head tumor 32  mm in diameter. We planned to perform subtotal stomach-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy, but abandoned resecting the pancreas during the surgery upon discovering a small l...
Source: International Cancer Conference Journal - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundMinimally invasive surgery (MIS) is increasingly used to treat gastric cancer in the USA. A potential benefit of MIS is increased likelihood of receiving adjuvant chemotherapy. Our objectives were (1) to assess trends and predictors of MIS for gastric cancer, (2) to evaluate the association between MIS and postoperative chemotherapy, and (3) to investigate the relationship between MIS and survival.MethodsPatients with T3 or greater and/or N+ gastric adenocarcinoma were identified from the National Cancer Database from 2010 to 2015. Patients aged ≥ 85, with metastatic disease, treated with only p...
Source: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Response rates were low regardless of monotherapy or combination strategies. No new safety signals were identified. Including use of a tumor-based interferon-γ signature and change in baseline and on-treatment circulating tumor DNA are clinically feasible and may be novel strategies to improve treatment response in this difficult-to-treat population. PMID: 31676670 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin Cancer Res Source Type: research
Authors: Sasako M Abstract Introduction: Today, there is a global consensus that adjuvant treatment is mandatory for stage II and III gastric cancer. What remains controversial, however, is what constitutes the best adjuvant therapy. A comprehensive review including published papers, doi documents and abstracts from the ASCO annual meeting was undertaken to develop this updated review.Areas covered: Adjuvant treatments for stage II or more advanced and potentially curable gastric and gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma are, exclusively, reviewed and discussed.Expert opinion: The role of radiation is not ...
Source: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Expert Rev Anticancer Ther Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Palliative laparoscopic resection of gastric cancer combined with IHPC with oxaliplatin +5-FU has a definite therapeutic effect on gastric cancer with PC, which can achieve a better short-term clinical therapeutic effect and better postoperative quality of life. PMID: 31646813 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of B.U.ON. - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J BUON Source Type: research
In conclusion, MRP1 and MRP4 play an important role in the lack of response of GAC to drugs that are transported by these export pumps. Moreover, agents, such as sorafenib, considered at present useless to treat GAC, may become active antitumor drugs when co-administered with non-toxic MRP inhibitors, such as diclofenac. PMID: 31669256 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Biochemical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biochem Pharmacol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONEarly diagnosis and concerted therapeutic efforts are important for managing misdiagnosed metastatic gastric cancer.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Conclusion.These findings suggest that combination therapy with capecitabine and oxaliplatin as perioperative chemotherapy, followed by D2 gastrectomy, is effective and safe in late‐stage, locally advanced gastric cancer. Although enrollment exceeded the 47 patients required to identify an increase in the ORR by 15% (from 40% to 55%), results did not meet the primary endpoint.
Source: The Oncologist - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Chinese Edition, Clinical Trial Results, Gastrointestinal Cancer Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Upper gastrointestinal malignancies have a poor prognosis. There is no consensus on how patients should be followed after surgery. The authors hypothesized that a structured follow-up programme including endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) and [18 F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT would detect cancer recurrences, leading to more patients being eligible for therapy. METHODS: After surgery with curative intent for adenocarcinomas in the gastro-oesophageal junction, stomach or pancreas, patients were randomized 1 : 1 to standard clinical assessment in the outpatient clinic at 3, 6...
Source: The British Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Br J Surg Source Type: research
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