Aqueous extract of Forsythia viridissima fruits: Acute oral toxicity and genotoxicity studies

ConclusionsWe found that EFVF is safe with regard to acute toxicity in rats as well as genotoxicity such as mutagenesis or clastogenesis under the present experimental conditions. These results might support the safety of EFVF as a potential therapeutic material for the traditional use or pharmaceutical development.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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ConclusionsWe found that EFVF is safe with regard to acute toxicity in rats as well as genotoxicity such as mutagenesis or clastogenesis under the present experimental conditions. These results might support the safety of EFVF as a potential therapeutic material for the traditional use or pharmaceutical development.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionThe features of onset, epidemiological characteristics and molecular subtyping of Salmonella were conducive to clinical diagnosis, rational use of antibiotics and improved therapeutic efficacy.
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
We describe the presentation of a healthy 11 year-old boy who had abdominal pain, incidental finding of splenic cyst and who developed Salmonella enteritidis gastroenteritis and splenic abscess shortly following laparoscopic removal of the splenic cyst. We review 11 additional cases of nontyphoidal salmonellae splenic abscesses in pediatric patients.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractPiriformis pyomyositis is a rare form of purulent skeletal myositis. As previous studies concerning piriformis pyomyositis had lower level of evidence and no systematic review has been published yet, we performed a systematic search to review and describe causes, symptoms, red flags, and available treatment options for piriformis pyomyositis. Using PubMed and PubMed Central databases, we found 21 articles describing 23 cases of piriformis pyomyositis. Based on the retrieved information, alongside acute sciatica like buttock and/or hip pain, high-grade fever, aggressive deep seated gluteal pain, neurological deficit...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the results improve our understanding on the characteristics of lncRNAs and mRNAs on regulating host immune response against C. perfringens type C infection, which will provide a reference for future research into exploring C. perfringens-related diseases in human. Introduction Clostridium perfringens (C. perfringens) is a Gram-positive anaerobic rod and ranks as the second most common bacteria that causes fulminant, fatal infectious and immune diseases (Scharff, 2012; Grass et al., 2013). These diseases are characterized by fever, pain, gas production, local edema, and severe tissue destruction, the...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In conclusion, our study might provide evidence that GQD treats diarrhea maybe involved in modulating gut microbiota and increasing SCFA levels. Introduction Diarrheal diseases cause approximately 1.7 billion new infections and 0.76 million deaths in children of under 5 years of age annually and are thus the second most common cause of mortality in young children in developing countries (Kotloff et al., 2012, 2013). Outbreaks of such diseases are usually related to infection by common causative agents, mainly rotavirus, Salmonella enterica, and diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (Hodges and Gill, 2010; Kolenda et al., ...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
This study provides new insight into the characterization of foodborne C. perfringens and highlights the potential of WGS for the investigation of FBOs. Introduction Clostridium perfringens is a Gram-positive, spore-forming, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacterium, known as an important causative agent of foodborne and non-foodborne gastroenteritis (Grass et al., 2013). The ability of this bacterium to form resistant spores contributes to its survival in many environmental niches, including soil, sewage, foods, and the intestinal microbiota of humans and animals (Xiao, 2014; Li et al., 2016). C. perfringens can cause necro...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
This study aimed to correlate Shigella/EIEC virulence-related genes (VRGs) with clinical symptoms, nutritional status and coenteropathogens in children from the Brazilian semiarid region. We designed a case-control study of community diarrhea in six cities of the Brazil semiarid region with 1200 children aging 2-36 months. Standardized questionnaire was applied for collecting sociodemographic, nutritional status and clinical information of the children. DNA samples were extracted from stools and diagnosed for Shigella/EIEC using PCR-based approaches. Positive samples were tested for 28 VRGs using four multiplex PCRs. Intes...
Source: International Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Int J Med Microbiol Source Type: research
The causes of stomach pain and chills include gastroenteritis, salmonella, and even the common cold. Treatment depends on the cause. Learn more about these, and the other causes of stomach pain and chills, here.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: GastroIntestinal / Gastroenterology Source Type: news
LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog - Emergency medicine and critical care medical education blog aka Tropical Travel Trouble 009 The diagnosis of HIV is no longer fatal and the term AIDS is becoming less frequent. In many countries, people with HIV are living longer than those with diabetes. This post will hopefully teach the basics of a complex disease and demystify some of the potential diseases you need to consider in those who are severely immunosuppressed. While trying to be comprehensive this post can not be exhaustive (as you can imagine any patient with ...
Source: Life in the Fast Lane - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Cases Tropical Medicine AIDS art cryptococcoma cryptococcus HIV HIV1 HIV2 PEP PrEP TB toxoplasma tuberculoma Source Type: blogs
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