Intensive uric acid-lowering therapy in CKD patients: the protocol for a randomized controlled trial

AbstractBackgroundHyperuricemia would be a risk factor for the development/progression of CKD. However, several studies showed U-shape association between serum uric acid level and renal impairment, suggesting that hypouricemia was rather associated with renal dysfunction. Perhaps, there is the optimal target level of serum UA for renal function.MethodsThe Target-UA study is a multicenter randomized controlled trial. Eligible CKD patients (eGFR  ≥ 30, 
Source: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

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Abstract Xanthine oxidase (EC 1.17.3.2) (XO) is one of the main enzymatic sources that create reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the living system. It is a dehydrogenase enzyme that performs electron transfer to nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+ ), while oxidizing hypoxanthin, which is an intermediate compound in purine catabolism, first to xanthine and then to uric acid. XO turns into an oxidant enzyme that oxidizes thiol groups under certain stress conditions in the tissue. The last metabolic step, in which hypoxanthin turns into uric acid, is catalyzed by XO. Uric acid, considered a waste product, can cause...
Source: Current Pharmaceutical Design - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Pharm Des Source Type: research
Abstract This review is devoted to rheumatologic diseases mainly characterized by different types of arthritis. They may involve also different organs, including the kidney, but renal disease is more frequently caused by the nephrotoxicity of drugs to relieve pain or to interfere with the pathophysiology of the underlying disease. Rheumatoid arthritis is the prototype of arthropathies. This autoimmune disease mainly attacks joints, tendons and ligaments but can also involve internal organs including the kidney. Psoriatic arthritis is a complex disease in which psoriasis, a chronic inflammatory disease, is associat...
Source: Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: J Nephrol Source Type: research
Abstract The prevalence of crystalline pathologies including urolithiasis, gallstones, vascular calcifications and crystalline arthritis, is very high in the general population beyond 60 years old. Characterization of microcrystals in tissue at the micrometer and at the nanometer scale through physico-chemical techniques constitutes a new opportunity for the physician to decipher the early stage of the pathogenesis of these biological entities. In this review, such description indicates a wide variety of the chemical process associated to the nucleation process directly from supersaturated solution or from organic...
Source: Annales de Biologie Clinique - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Ann Biol Clin (Paris) Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of febuxostat in patients with radiolucent nephrolithiasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From March 2016 to June 2018, data of 96 patients with radiolucent nephrolithiasis and hyperuricemia who referred to the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University were retrospectively analyzed. These patients were divided into allopurinol 300mg/d (control), febuxostat 40mg/d (F40) and 80mg/d (F80) groups respectively. All patients took potassium citrate as a combination treatment and had been followed up for at least 6 months. Before treatment and on the day of the 1st, 3...
Source: Urology Journal - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Urol J Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: At adolescence, both Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are associated with multiple comorbidities, not limited to autoimmune disorders. PMID: 31801156 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Pediatric Research - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Pediatr Res Source Type: research
ConclusionQuantitative analysis indicated that medicinal plants are an integral part of the life of the inhabitants. Local flora is recognised as highly valuable and is reported to be used against various ailments. Most commonly reported diseases were arthritis, kidney stone, typhoid fever, stomach problems, hepatitis, jaundice and diabetes. Among these aliments, the most common in the study area were stomach disorders, diabetes and kidney stones. The possible cause of kidney stones may be the food habits of the inhabitants, as the locals prefer vegetables like spinach that contain high amounts of oxalate.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Herbal Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
For patients with recurrent flares of gout, tophi, urate crystal arthropathy, and renal stones, urate-lowering therapies (ULTs, including allopurinol and febuxostat) are the first-line treatment. Due to the wi...
Source: Arthritis Research and Therapy - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
I was speaking with someone recently who has a series of chronic and painful conditions; some of which are noticeable and some ‘invisible’. What is particularly distressful is that people sometimes say to her, “At least you don’t have cancer.” How dismissive is that? I know they are trying to help her feel better about what she does have and perhaps even attempt to minimize the impact, but it is not compassionate or helpful. There are diagnoses such as fibromyalgia, lupus, diabetes, arthritis or neuropathy which some people have to navigate. It might mean taking naps on an as-needed basis, en...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Chronic Pain Health-related Inspiration & Hope Personal Arthritis Chronic Illness Diabetes Fibromyalgia Lupus Lyme disease neuropathy peer support Source Type: blogs
Ryan R. Kelly1,2†, Lindsay T. McDonald1,2†, Nathaniel R. Jensen1,2, Sara J. Sidles1,2 and Amanda C. LaRue1,2* 1Research Services, Ralph H. Johnson VA Medical Center, Charleston, SC, United States 2Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, United States The significant biochemical and physiological effects of psychological stress are beginning to be recognized as exacerbating common diseases, including osteoporosis. This review discusses the current evidence for psychological stress-associated mental health disorders as risk factors for os...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
When Paul Manafort appeared in court for sentencing recently, he was in a wheelchair and pleaded for leniency, in part because “his confinement had taken a toll on his physical and mental health.” He reportedly had symptoms of depression and anxiety — but what was the health problem that put him in a wheelchair? According to multiple news reports, the answer is gout. Yes, that ancient disease you may have thought didn’t exist anymore has stricken Mr. Manafort. He joins the rising number of people in the country diagnosed with this common disease. What is gout? Gout is a cause of severe joint pa...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Arthritis Bones and joints Health Inflammation Source Type: blogs
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