Human immunodeficiency disease in new diagnoses of head and neck squamous cell cancer: are we testing?

CONCLUSION: This observational study highlights that head and neck specialists are not aware of, and are consequently not complying with, routine human immunodeficiency virus testing as recommended by the British HIV Association guidelines. PMID: 31708001 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

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Authors: Guo B, Wang L, Qin X, Shen Y, Ma C Abstract A number of studies have reported the upregulation and functional roles of Jumonji domain-containing protein 6 (JMJD6) in various types of cancer. However, little is known regarding the clinical significance of JMJD6 in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), particularly in terms of large-cohort data. In the present study, bioinformatics analysis was performed, using the University of California Santa Cruz Xena Browser and the Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis 2 server, based on the Cancer Genome Atlas HNSCC cohort. In addition, a validation ...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Zhong P, Liu L, Shen A, Chen Z, Hu X, Cai Y, Lin J, Wang B, Li J, Chen Y, Peng J Abstract Despite advancements in treatment regimens, the mortality rate of patients with oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC) is high. In addition, the signaling pathways and oncoproteins involved in OTSCC progression remain largely unknown. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to identify specific prognostic marker for patients at a high risk of developing OTSCC. The present study used four original microarray datasets to identify the key candidate genes involved in OTSCC pathogenesis. Expression profiles of 93 ...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Opinion statementStandard-of-care treatment for the majority of patients with locoregionally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) is either upfront surgery followed by adjuvant treatment as indicated by intraoperative or pathologic findings or concurrent chemoradiation reserving surgical salvage for non-responsive disease. An attempt at upfront complete resection should be pursued if feasible in patients with oral cavity or paranasal sinus primary tumors. Given multimodality treatment paradigms, patients with locoregionally advanced SCCHN should be managed in a multidisciplinary setting. Modern rad...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
We examined the clonal relatedness of ...
Source: BMC Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Comparison of detection rates of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and gastric adenocarcinoma (GA) according to age groups and ALDH2 genotype between the 1993 ‐2007 screening period and the 2008‐2018 screening period in Japanese alcohol‐dependent men. The detection rates for ESCC and GA were consistently lower during the 2008‐2018 study period than during the 1993‐2007 study period regardless of age groups and ALDH2 genotype. AbstractBackgroundEsophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), head and neck SCC (HNSCC), and gastric adenocarcinoma (GA) are frequently detected at an early stage using endoscopic scr...
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Chemoradiation and bioradiation (CRT/BRT) for locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (LAHNSCC) often comes with high toxicity rates, interfering with oral intake and leading to temporary tube feeding (TF) dependency. High-quality scientific evidence for indicators of prophylactic gastrostomy insertion is not available. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to develop a prediction model to identify patients who need prophylactic gastrostomy insertion, defined as the expected use of TF for at least four weeks.
Source: Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Original article Source Type: research
ConclusionIn patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinomas treated with a curative intent, the change in levels of telomerase correlates neither with the disease status nor with prognostic factors.
Source: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Non-rigid anatomical variations are mainly responsible for critical target coverage loss of cRO plans, whereas the aRO approach was robust against such variations. Both plans provide similar robustness of OAR parameters. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: The influence of different uncertainty sources was quantified for robust IMPT HNSCC plans. PMID: 31778315 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The British Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Br J Radiol Source Type: research
In this study, we applied a customized in-silico analysis pipeline to identify novel miRNAs from raw small-RNA sequencing datasets from public repositories. We discovered 146 previously-unannotated sequences expressed in head and neck samples that share structural properties highly characteristic of miRNAs. The combined expression of the novel miRNAs revealed tissue and context-specific patterns. Furthermore, comparison of tumor with non-malignant tissue samples (n = 43 pairs) revealed 135 of these miRNAs as differentially expressed, most of which were overexpressed or exclusively found in tumor samples. Additionally, a su...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study aimed to test the role of Cx43 protein on Bcl-2 expression, tumor progression and response to taxane-based treatment in HNSCC. Human papillomavirus (HPV) negative HNSCC cell lines were tested for paclitaxel sensitivity through measuring apoptosis induction, cell viability and changes in Cx43 and Bcl-2 levels using flow cytometry, cell viability assay, immunocytochemistry and western blot. Inhibition of Cx43 expression using siRNA increased Bcl-2 protein levels in SCC25 (tongue squamous cell carcinoma) cells, while forced Cx43 expression reduced Bcl-2 levels and supported paclitaxel cytotoxicity in FaDu (hypophar...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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