Dissociation between caloric and head impulse testing in patients with congenital abnormalities of the semicircular canals.
CONCLUSION: This report supports the dissipation theory and questions the functional relevance of canal paresis values calculated from caloric test results. PMID: 30086803 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - August 9, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Comparison of functional and oncological treatment outcomes after transoral robotic surgery and open surgery for supraglottic laryngeal cancer.
CONCLUSION: Transoral robotic supraglottic laryngectomy for supraglottic laryngeal cancer is an oncologically safe and functional procedure with better results when compared to conventional open surgery. PMID: 30086810 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - August 9, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Clipping of sigmoid sinus diverticulum: how I do it.
CONCLUSION: Transmastoid clipping of a sigmoid sinus diverticulum can be a safe and effective method of managing pulsatile tinnitus resulting from a sigmoid sinus diverticulum. PMID: 30078382 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - August 8, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Tracheostomy for paediatric obstructive sleep apnoea: A systematic review.
CONCLUSION: Based on reports of children who have undergone a tracheostomy, for whom there are pre- and post-operative data, tracheostomy appears to be a successful treatment for obstructive sleep apnoea. However, additional research is recommended given the small number of patients in the literature. PMID: 30073941 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - August 5, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Peri-operative outcomes following major surgery for head and neck cancer in the elderly: institutional audit and case-control study.
This study was performed to determine the peri-operative outcomes of these patients and compare them with those of younger patients. METHODS: In this retrospective analysis, 115 patients aged 70 years or more undergoing major surgery for head and neck cancers were matched with 115 patients aged 50-60 years, and univariate analysis was performed. RESULTS: Elderly patients had a reduced performance status (p
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - August 5, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Intranasal Helicobacter pylori infection in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with polyposis.
CONCLUSION: H pylori infection is potentially related to chronic rhinosinusitis with polyposis. Further research is needed to clarify the role of H pylori as a risk factor for the development of sinonasal diseases and to examine its link with laryngopharyngeal reflux. PMID: 30073943 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - August 5, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

The effects of nasal irrigation with various solutions after endoscopic sinus surgery: systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: Based on the current limited evidence, nasal irrigation is an effective therapy for chronic rhinosinusitis patients after functional endoscopic sinus surgery. However, when comparing various solutions with normal saline, no significant difference was found in symptom scores or endoscopic scores. PMID: 30070184 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - August 4, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Long-term effects of allergen-specific subcutaneous immunotherapy for house dust mite induced allergic rhinitis.
Authors: Karthikeyan P, Pulimoottil DT, Sankar R PMID: 30058520 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - August 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Bacterial biofilm and chronic sialadenitis, survival outcomes in human papilloma virus positive oral cancer, and long-term use of trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole in recalcitrant chronic rhinosinusitis.
Authors: Hussain M, Fisher E, Fishman J PMID: 30058521 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - August 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Global burden of hearing impairment and ear disease.
Authors: Graydon K, Waterworth C, Miller H, Gunasekera H Abstract BACKGROUND: Hearing loss can present at birth or be acquired as a result of illness, middle-ear disease, injury, age, overuse of certain medications, and/or induced by exposure to damaging noise levels. There are serious short-term consequences for people living with hearing impairment, including the effects on language acquisition, education, employment and overall wellbeing. There are also complex long-term implications. OBJECTIVES: This review aimed to present some of the leading causes of ear disease and hearing loss globally, and to identify...
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - July 27, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Subjective morbidity following fibular free flap reconstruction in head and neck cancer patients.
This study aimed to evaluate the presence of subjective post-operative donor site morbidity after fibula free flap reconstruction in head and neck cancer patients, utilising three validated instruments: the 36-item Short Form Health Survey, the Short Musculoskeletal Function Assessment questionnaire and the Lower Limb Core Scale. METHODS: In this retrospective study, all head and neck cancer patients who underwent fibula free flap reconstruction between January 2009 and July 2014 were identified. All questionnaires and their respective subcomponents were scored. RESULTS: Twenty-one cases were included. Patients wer...
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - July 26, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Oculostapedial synkinesis following idiopathic facial palsy: something to listen out for.
CONCLUSION: Oculostapedial synkinesis is a rare complication of facial palsy, but is recognised in the literature. Given its unusual presentation, it can be overlooked, especially by more junior team members. This case highlights the need to pay careful attention to patients' symptoms and listen out for the description of hearing distortion on facial movement. PMID: 30032732 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - July 25, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Women in otorhinolaryngology: a historical perspective.
CONCLUSION: The contribution of women to otorhinolaryngology has evolved since ancient times and the greatest advancement has occurred within the last two hundred years. PMID: 30033884 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - July 25, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

The importance of petrous apex and peri-carotid pneumatisation in subtotal petrosectomy and blind sac closure: a radiological study.
CONCLUSION: The degree of separation of middle-ear air cells from the Eustachian tube or nasopharynx, and the relevant anatomy, are reviewed. This knowledge helps to optimise the outcome of subtotal petrosectomy and blind sac closure. The frequency and process of pneumatisation of the petrous apex, and its connections with the middle ear, have been radiologically confirmed. PMID: 30033885 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - July 25, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Computed tomography versus magnetic resonance imaging in paediatric cochlear implant assessment: a pilot study and our experience at Great Ormond Street Hospital.
CONCLUSION: Assessment in the paediatric setting constitutes a special situation given the likelihood of congenital temporal bone abnormalities and associated co-morbidities that may be relevant to surgery and prognosis following cochlear implantation. Both computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging contribute valuable information and remain necessary in paediatric cochlear implant pre-operative assessment. PMID: 30019664 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - July 20, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Cochlear orientation: pre-operative evaluation and intra-operative significance.
CONCLUSION: Calculation of cochlear orientation and its angle with the surgical axis (α and β) can aid the planning of surgery, particularly with regard to the cochleostomy site and preservation of residual hearing. PMID: 30019665 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - July 20, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Preliminary outcomes of endoscopic middle-ear surgery in 103 cases: a UK experience.
CONCLUSION: Our results confirm that endoscopic middle-ear surgery is safe, and the short-term outcomes are comparable with conventional surgery. PMID: 30019666 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - July 20, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

White matter lesions in magnetic resonance imaging of the brain in 56 patients with visual vertigo.
This study evaluated the magnetic resonance imaging scans of the brain from a cohort of patients with visual vertigo, and compared the outcomes to an age- and gender-matched group of healthy volunteers.Results and conclusionWhite matter lesions were observed in 17.9 per cent of the patient group and in 16.3 per cent of the control group. The prevalence of white matter lesions in the patient group was not too different to that expected based on age. PMID: 30019667 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - July 20, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Quality of online otolaryngology health information.
CONCLUSION: Where possible, patients should be advised to access professionally maintained health information websites (patient.co.uk and cancerresearchuk.org). However, wikipedia.org can provide adequate information, although it lacks depth and can be difficult to understand. PMID: 30019668 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - July 20, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Is the use of a bone conduction hearing device on a softband a useful tool in the pre-operative assessment of suitability for other hearing implants?
CONCLUSION: Pre-operative softband testing shows good clinical correlation and strong statistical correlation with hearing implant performance. The findings suggest there is value in using the test to predict performance and guide patients' expectations. PMID: 30019669 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - July 20, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Imaging in autoimmune inner-ear disease and endolymphatic hydrops, bone cement for improving hearing outcomes in stapes surgery, and the reporting of results. External ear canal cholesteatoma: a hypothesis.
Authors: Hussain M, Fisher E, Fishman J PMID: 30019670 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - July 20, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Regeneration of the tympanic membrane using fibroblast growth factor-2.
CONCLUSION: Fibroblast growth factor-2 with or without biological material patching promotes regeneration in cases of acute and chronic tympanic membrane perforation, and is safe and efficient. However, the best dosage, application time and administration pathway of fibroblast growth factor-2 are still to be elucidated. PMID: 30019671 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - July 20, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Hearing healthcare in remote or resource-constrained environments.
This article discusses the challenges to hearing care in remote and resource-limited settings, and describes recommended service delivery models, taking personnel and equipment requirements into consideration. The paper also considers the novel roles of telemedicine approaches in these contexts for improving access to preventative care. Finally, two case studies illustrate the challenges and strategies for service provision in remote and underserved settings. PMID: 30022744 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - July 20, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

The use of visual distraction to improve the tolerability of flexible laryngoscopy.
CONCLUSION: This small study showed that visual distraction should be considered as a simple and cost-effective alternative to local anaesthetic for flexible laryngoscopy. PMID: 30022747 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - July 20, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Endoscopic cricoid split in a tertiary referral paediatric centre.
CONCLUSION: The extubation rates for endoscopic cricoid split are comparable to the open procedure. It is a safe and efficient method for managing subglottic stenosis, whether acquired or congenital. The main advantage is the shorter operative time, in addition to the avoidance of an external scar and drain. PMID: 30008273 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - July 17, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Bonebridge transcutaneous bone conduction implant in children with congenital aural atresia: surgical and audiological outcomes.
CONCLUSION: Bonebridge transcutaneous bone conduction implant surgery is safe and effective among children with congenital aural atresia with conductive hearing loss. PMID: 30008276 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - July 17, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Internal carotid artery aneurysm in skull base osteomyelitis: does the pattern of cranial nerve involvement matter?
CONCLUSION: One should be mindful of this potentially fatal complication in skull base osteomyelitis patients with lower cranial nerve palsies, with or without facial nerve involvement, especially in the presence of intracranial thromboembolic events or Horner's syndrome. PMID: 29996956 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - July 13, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Transoral and endoscope-assisted transoral approaches to resecting benign tumours of the parapharyngeal space located in the medial portion of the carotid sheaths and extending toward the skull base: our experience.
CONCLUSION: Based on our studies, we assert that transoral and endoscope-assisted transoral approaches are suitable in managing parapharyngeal space benign tumours located in the medial portion of the carotid sheaths and extending toward the skull base. PMID: 29996959 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - July 13, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

The use of an ostial stent does not increase the success rate of endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy.
CONCLUSION: Compared with the use of a silicone tube alone, the addition of an ostial stent did not significantly increase the success rate of endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy. PMID: 29998809 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - July 13, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Education in ear and hearing care in remote or resource-constrained environments.
This article highlights various methods, resources and considerations, for both otolaryngology and audiology training, which should prove a useful resource to those undertaking and organising such education, and to those staff members receiving it. PMID: 29998812 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - July 13, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Assessment of progress and competence in tonsillectomy surgery using cumulative sum analysis.
Authors: Abou-Foul AK, Taghi A, Tolley NS, Awad Z Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of using cumulative sum analysis to show trainees' performance curves and highlight concerns in tonsillectomy surgery. METHODS: In this prospective study, the performance of eight otolaryngology trainees (in their first 6-12 months in the specialty) was compared to that of experts (over 150 tonsillectomies performed) in terms of operative time and post-operative complications. Cumulative sum analysis curves were generated to highlight trainees' performance, and were updated after each performance. RESULTS: The av...
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - July 13, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Do children undergoing bilateral myringotomy with placement of ventilating tubes benefit from pre-operative analgesia? A double-blinded, randomised, placebo-controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: Routine pre-operative analgesia does not reduce pain scores in the early post-operative period. Simple analgesics are effective for rescue analgesia in the minority of cases. PMID: 29998815 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - July 13, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Implementation and results of a surgical training programme for chronic suppurative otitis media in Cambodia.
CONCLUSION: The training programme has demonstrated success, as measured by surgeon confidence and operative outcomes. This approach can be emulated in other settings to help combat the global burden of chronic suppurative otitis media. PMID: 29998817 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - July 13, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Morphological evidence of biofilm in chronic obstructive sialadenitis.
CONCLUSION: Morphological evidence of bacterial biofilm was found in the submandibular gland sections from patients with chronic sialadenitis and suggests a role in the chronicity of submandibular chronic obstructive sialadenitis. PMID: 29986787 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - July 12, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Is there any effect of neurotrophin-3 on the pathogenesis of non-allergic nasal polyps?
This study aimed to investigate the possible role of neurotrophin-3 in nasal polyps pathogenesis. METHODS: The study group comprised 70 non-allergic nasal polyps patients and the control group consisted of 53 patients with middle turbinate concha bullosa. Specimens were taken, during surgery, from the ethmoid sinus nasal polyps in the nasal polyps group and from the lateral part of the middle turbinate concha bullosa in the control group. Tissue and serum levels of neurotrophin-3 were assessed by immunohistochemistry and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, respectively. RESULTS: Nasal polyps patients had higher tiss...
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - July 6, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Functional outcome after long-term low-dose trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole in chronic rhinosinusitis with purulence: a prospective study.
This study aimed to assess the functional and endoscopic outcomes after a three-month course of low-dose trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole. METHODS: A prospective study was performed, comprising patients referred to a tertiary care medical centre with a diagnosis of chronic rhinosinusitis with purulence. Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole was prescribed at 960 mg/day for three months. Sinonasal complaints and endoscopic findings were documented, and bacteriological data were compared. RESULTS: Fifteen patients were included. Staphylococcus aureus was the most common bacterium cultured (86 per cent). Improvement in nasal fun...
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - July 3, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Management of locally advanced T3-4 glottic laryngeal carcinomas.
Authors: Smee R, Williams JR, Kotevski DP Abstract OBJECTIVES: To assess five-year local control and ultimate local control rates of patients treated for locally advanced T3-4 glottic carcinoma with surgery only, radiotherapy only, or surgery plus radiotherapy. Cancer-specific survival, overall survival and rates of malignancy development were also assessed. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted on patients from 1967 to 2015, with analysis of local control, ultimate local control, overall survival and cancer-specific survival performed using Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression. RESULTS: Of 169 eligible ...
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - July 3, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Comparison of basal lamella relaxing incision and combined conventional medialisation and controlled synechiae in functional endoscopic sinus surgery: a randomised prospective study.
CONCLUSION: Basal lamella relaxing incision is an effective single-step technique for achieving adequate middle meatal access and post-operative medialisation, with no significant effect on olfaction. PMID: 29961438 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - July 3, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Treatment of unilateral vocal fold paralysis with ansa cervicalis to recurrent nerve anastomosis in a young adolescent: European case report.
CONCLUSION: Laryngeal re-innervation could be considered as a treatment option for unilateral vocal fold paralysis in children and adolescents, even after a long-term delay. PMID: 29954472 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - June 30, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Human papillomavirus prevalence and clinicopathological associations in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma in the Lebanese population.
CONCLUSION: Human papillomavirus rate was lower than reported rates in Western populations. Possible explanations include differences in social and cultural behaviours. PMID: 29954474 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - June 30, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Sinonasal papilloma: what influences the decision to request a magnetic resonance imaging scan?
CONCLUSION: Pre-operative combined magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography helped predict disease in the frontal sinus better than computed tomography alone. A close working relationship between the ENT and radiology departments is important for accurate tumour localisation. PMID: 29909780 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - June 19, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Endoscopic push-through technique compared to microscopic underlay myringoplasty in anterior tympanic membrane perforations.
Authors: El-Hennawi DEM, Ahmed MR, Abou-Halawa AS, Al-Hamtary MA Abstract BACKGROUND: Microscopic myringoplasty is the most frequently performed procedure for repairing tympanic membrane perforations. The endoscopic transcanal approach bypasses the narrow ear canal segment and provides a wider view. METHODS: An open-label randomised clinical trial was conducted on 56 patients with small anterior tympanic membrane perforations. Perforations were repaired with an endoscopic push-through technique (n = 28) or a microscopic underlay technique (n = 28). Follow up was conducted using endoscopic examination and pure t...
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - June 19, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Cricopharyngeal achalasia associated with laryngomalacia as a cause of failure to thrive.
CONCLUSION: Functional endoscopic evaluation of swallowing and videofluoroscopic evaluation of swallowing are complimentary in the evaluation of paediatric patients with failure to thrive and suspected oropharyngeal dysphagia. Both supraglottoplasty and botulinum toxin injection are effective for definitive management in cases of combined pathology, and can be safely performed in a single surgical setting. PMID: 29909783 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - June 19, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Longitudinal analysis of the audiological phenotype in osteogenesis imperfecta: a follow-up study.
Authors: Martens S, Dhooge IJM, Swinnen FKR Abstract OBJECTIVE: This prospective study involved a longitudinal analysis of the progression of hearing thresholds in patients with osteogenesis imperfecta. METHODS: Audiometric results from 36 osteogenesis imperfecta patients (age range, 6-79 years) were compared between two test times with an average interval of 4 years. Audiometric evaluation included acoustic admittance measurements, acoustic stapedial reflex measurements, pure tone audiometry and otoacoustic emissions testing. RESULTS: Air conduction pure tone average, corrected for sex and age, and bone co...
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - June 19, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

How phenotype guides management of the neuroendocrine carcinomas of the larynx.
Authors: López F, Hunt JL, Nixon IJ, Rinaldo A, Williams MD, Cardesa A, Ferlito A Abstract OBJECTIVE: This review aimed to critically analyse data pertaining to the clinical presentation and treatment of neuroendocrine carcinomas of the larynx. METHOD: A PubMed search was performed using the term 'neuroendocrine carcinoma'. English-language articles on neuroendocrine carcinoma of the larynx were reviewed in detail.Results and conclusionWhile many historical classifications have been proposed, in contemporary practice these tumours are sub-classified into four subtypes: carcinoid, atypical carcinoid, smal...
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - June 19, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Assisted resection of lateral extension of juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma using a sphenopalatine fossa dissector.
CONCLUSION: Existing evidence supports the incorporation of this inexpensive instrument in the armamentarium for resecting lateral extension of juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma during a transpalatal approach. PMID: 29909791 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - June 19, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Comparative efficacies of topical antiseptic eardrops against biofilms from methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and quinolone-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
CONCLUSION: The results indicate that 4 per cent boric acid solution and vinegar with water (1:1) are potent inhibitors of biofilms from methicillin-resistant S aureus and quinolone-resistant P aeruginosa, and provide safe pH levels for avoiding ototoxicity. PMID: 29909794 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - June 19, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Selection of the appropriate cochlear electrode array using a specifically developed research software application.
CONCLUSION: The results show a good correlation between the pre-operatively predicted insertion depths using the software application and those post-operatively measured using X-ray. The insertion length predicted by the software was always longer than that measured via X-ray. PMID: 29909807 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - June 19, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Cholesteatoma in children and adults: are there really any differences?
CONCLUSION: Childhood cholesteatoma was more extensive and destructive compared to adults, representing a more aggressive disease in this cohort. PMID: 29909808 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - June 19, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Comparison of clinical outcomes of three different packing materials in the treatment of severe acute otitis externa.
CONCLUSION: The three packing materials were all quite effective in treating severe acute otitis externa, but ear wick and ribbon gauze were superior to biodegradable synthetic polyurethane foam for relieving signs and symptoms, especially on the 3rd day. PMID: 29895341 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - June 15, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research