The Salivary-α-amylase level after stroop test in anxious patients can predict the severity of anxiety

Publication date: Available online 11 November 2019Source: Neuroscience LettersAuthor(s): Yuting Liu, Han Yin, Huan Ma, Xueju Yu, Guihao Liu, Lan Guo, Qingshan GengAbstractIndividuals with anxiety disorder often exhibit as imbalance in response to stressors.We sought to explore the relationship between physiological as well as psychological responses under acute mental stress and the severity of the disease.20 Generalized Anxiety Disorder(GAD) patients (14 males,mean age 46 ± 10 years) were confronted with the stroop test,during which salivary-α-amylase(sAA),salivary cortisol,and heart rate variability (HRV) were assessed.The results showed that stroop test as a stressor induced autonomic nervous response in GAD patients,which was mainly manifested as the increase in HRV representing sympathetic nervous system and the decrease in HRV representing vagal nerve activity.Moreover,the basic function of sympathetic-adrenal medulla system was hyperfunctional in GAD patients while theirs reactivity was limited,which showed the more serious the lesion was,the higher the baseline value of sAA was,and the less sAA secretion increase would be,or even decrease after mental stress.The change of sAA after stroop test in GAD patients can predict the severity of anxiety,but subjective psychological perception can not.
Source: Neuroscience Letters - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Related Links:

“Once you learn the art of relaxation, everything happens spontaneously and effortlessly.” – Amma During hectic times, it’s tough to remember that relaxation is more than a luxury. In fact, humans need to relax to maintain balance in their lives. Work stress, family strife, and mounting responsibilities can exact a tremendous toll. Relaxing should be at the top of the list as a healthy coping measure and as a rewarding self-gift. Why do we so often neglect this healing self-care? Do you know the healthiest ways to relax your mind, body and soul? Perhaps the biggest obstacle to relaxing is that some ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Mental Health and Wellness Mindfulness Self-Help Source Type: blogs
We report a 48-years-old male, who developed numerous motor/vocal tics two months after sustaining non-commotional craniofacial trauma in a car accident. Both his father and brother had died earlier in car crashes. He presented with blepharospasm-like forced lid closure, forceful lip pursing, noisy suction movements, and deep moaning sounds, occurring in variable combinations, without warning symptoms or internal “urge”. Tics showed low distractibility and increased with attention. Standard magnetic resonance imaging, electroencephalography, and evoked potentials were unremarkable. Neuropsychology diagnosed mod...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Among adolescents, sleep and awake bruxism are associated with emotional aspects as well as with facial pain symptoms and/or masticatory system disturbances. Awareness is recommended to decrease potential risks to teeth, dental restorations, and the masticatory system. Introduction Definition of bruxism has been under debate for some time. In 2013 (1), an international group of bruxism experts issued a consensus proposal based on the concept that bruxism is “a repetitive jaw activity” which can occur during sleep (sleep bruxism- SB) or during wakefulness (awake bruxism–AB). In 2018, i...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
In this study, a link between mitochondrial changes and infant temperament has also been suggested. Maternal psychosocial stress and lifetime trauma have been associated with decreased mitochondrial DNA copy number in the placenta (115, 116).IndividualityChronic stress links changes in the epigenetic landscape with health conditions (117). Different cell types are characterized by distinct patterns of gene expression due to developmental, environmental, physiological, and pathological reasons (117). Epigenetic mechanisms affect gene function in a dynamic way as a result of different environmental exposures during fetal dev...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusions Dysautonomic symptoms frequently occuring in α-synucleinopathies comprise cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, urogenital and thermoregulatory disturbances. These symptoms reduce quality of life and worsen prognosis. The understanding of their pathophysiology, as well as the detection of α-synuclein deposition and autonomic dysfunction in the premotor stages of α-synucleinopathies may be key for identifying novel treatment targets and improving clinical outcomes. While causative treatment is not yet available, improvement of quality of life can be achieved by personalized symptomatic treatment r...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
My small Clinical Mental Health Counseling Practicum class gets out twelve minutes early. I strain to catch the eye of my classmate and friend on the other side of the room, a tall Indian woman with her hair in a sagging bob and sympathetic eyes locked on another classmate. I turn impatiently towards our classmate, who favors red lipstick and dramatic retellings of her life events. Sighing, I give up and turn around, shifting my backpack’s weight on my back and folding a paper plate in my hands, evidence of enjoying a slice of the twelve pizzas someone had dumped in our counseling center that afternoon. I step into ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Anxiety and Panic Bipolar Dissociative Mental Health and Wellness Peer Support Personal Professional Stigma Success & Achievement Treatment Counseling Generalized Anxiety Disorder Hospitalization Mania Mental Illness Panic At Source Type: blogs
View Original Article Here: Erasing the Stigma of Geriatric Anxiety and Learning to Help The effects of anxiety disorders are becoming ever more prevalent in our society. Even with new research shining a light on how many Americans suffer from these varying disorders, we have only begun to scratch the surface. This is especially true when it comes to understanding anxiety in the elderly. Higher rates of loss, increased pain, chronic conditions, and multiple medications can all increase the levels of anxiety in senior citizens. This makes having the discussion about geriatric anxiety a crucial factor in aiding our loved on...
Source: Shield My Senior - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Senior Safety Source Type: blogs
Conclusion: Suvorexant treatment resulted in overall improvement in the quality of sleep and the severity of anxiety and depression. This dual orexin antagonist may be related to autonomic functions and neuroendocrine systems, especially in the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis in psychiatric subjects. Introduction The hypothalamus plays a critical role in the integrated control of sleep/wakefulness, thermogenesis, and energy homeostasis, and the lateral hypothalamus area (LHA) in this region has been regarded as an important center for arousal and feeding.[1] The neuropeptide orexin A and orexin B (also known as hypocre...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Anxiety Disorders Current Issue Depression Original Research Psychiatry Psychopharmacology Sleep Disorders Autonomic nervous insomnia neuroendocrine orexin antagonist suvorexant Source Type: research
“Buprenorphine is a kappa receptor antagonist. For these reasons, buprenorphine might be unique in its ability to treat chronic pain and possibly OIH.” The opioid crisis has been fueled by the use of opioids to treat chronic pain.  Practice patterns have changed, but doctors are still criticized for their roles in the overuse of opioids.  I’ve sat through community ‘heroin forums’ (sometimes on stage) as sheriffs, politicians, and ‘recovered addicts’ firmly pointed fingers at health professionals.  I, meanwhile, kept my finger under the table, but had the t...
Source: Suboxone Talk Zone - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Acute Pain Buprenorphine Chronic pain Suboxone treatment buprenorphine treats chronic pain chronic pain treatment opioid induced hyperalgesia opioid pain relief pain vs. addiction Source Type: blogs
ConclusionThe results indicate that not only the baseline autonomic activity but also its reactivity to behavioral changes are different between MDD and GAD in the early stage of illness. High parasympathetic tone in GAD may reflect responses of parasympathetic system to anxiety. MDD is accompanied by an autonomic shift toward sympathetic activation and a reduced reactivity to task.
Source: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research
More News: Anxiety | Brain | Cardiology | Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) | Heart | Men | Neurology | Neuroscience | Psychology | Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy