Protection of mice against experimental cryptococcosis using glucan particle-based vaccines containing novel recombinant antigens.

Protection of mice against experimental cryptococcosis using glucan particle-based vaccines containing novel recombinant antigens. Vaccine. 2019 Nov 04;: Authors: Hester MM, Lee CK, Abraham A, Khoshkenar P, Ostroff GR, Levitz SM, Specht CA Abstract Meningitis due to Cryptococcus neoformans is responsible for upwards of 180,000 deaths worldwide annually, mostly in immunocompromised individuals. Currently there are no licensed fungal vaccines, and even with anti-fungal drug treatment, cryptococcal meningitis is often fatal. Our lab previously demonstrated vaccination with recombinant cryptococcal proteins delivered in glucan particles (GPs) protects mice against an otherwise lethal infection. The aim of the present study was to discover additional cryptococcal antigens affording vaccine-mediated protection. Sixteen proteins, each with evidence of extracellularity, were selected for in vivo testing based on their abundance in protective alkaline extracts of an acapsular C. neoformans strain, their known immunogenicity, and/or their high transcript level during human infection. Candidate antigens were recombinantly expressed in E. coli, purified and loaded into GPs. BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice received three subcutaneous injections of GP-based vaccine, and survival was assessed for 84 days following a lethal orotracheal challenge with strain KN99. As with our six published GP-vaccines, we saw differences in overall protection between mouse strains such that BA...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research

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Source: Nursing Made Incredibly Easy - Category: Nursing Tags: Department: Ask an Expert Source Type: research
In this study, prophylactic passive immunization was performed in a miniature swine model, using two vaccination-induced monoclonal antibodies (mAb), JEV-31 and JEV-169. These were selected as representatives for antibodies reactive with the major antigenic structures in the E protein of JEV and related flaviviruses. JEV-31 recognizes the lateral ridge of E protein domain III (EDIII) whilst JEV-169 has a broad footprint of binding involving residues throughout domains I (EDI) and II (EDII) of the E protein. Detection of neutralizing antibodies in the serum of immunized animals mimics the presence of neutralizing antibodies...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - Category: Virology Source Type: research
In this study, we designed and synthesized a novel coumarin derivative (C3007) for evaluating its in vitro and in vivo anti-SVCV effects. Here, we determined that up to 25 mg/L C3007 significantly decreased SVCV protein gene expression levels in EPC cells by a maximum inhibitory rate of>95%. When C3007 was preincubated with SVCV, infectivity was significantly inhibited in vitro in a time-dependent manner, with complete inhibition at 25 mg/L. For in vivo studies, C3007 exhibited an anti-SVCV effect by substantially enhancing the survival rate of virus-infected fish via intraperitoneal injection. Although the horizont...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - Category: Virology Source Type: research
An oral, inactivated enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) vaccine (ETVAX) is safe and immunogenic in children, according to a new phase-1/2 trial.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape Allergy Headlines - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Infectious Diseases News Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: Fish &Shellfish ImmunologyAuthor(s): Qingchao Wang, Wei Ji, Zhen XuAbstractIn the past decades, the aquaculture industry made great progress in China, which contributes more than 70% yield of the world's farmed fish. Along with the rapid growth of fish production, increased emergence and outbreak of numbers of diseases pose harm to the aquaculture industry and food safety. From the efficient, safe, environmental and ethical aspects, vaccines is definitely the most appropriate and focused method to control different kinds of fish diseases. In China, researchers h...
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 February 2020Source: Carbohydrate Polymers, Volume 229Author(s): Jhonatas Rodrigues Barbosa, Maurício Madson dos Santos Freitas, Luiza Helena da Silva Martins, Raul Nunes de CarvalhoAbstractThe biodiversity of mushrooms Pleurotus spp. is impressive due to its complexity and diversity related to the composition of chemical structures such as polysaccharides, glycoproteins and secondary metabolites such as alkaloids, flavonoids and betalains. Recent studies of polysaccharides and their structural elucidation have helped to direct research and development of technologies related to pharmacological a...
Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS Human infection challenge provides a unique opportunity to study the breadth of specificity and dynamics of RSV-specific T-cell responses in the target organ, allowing the precise investigation of Trm recognizing novel viral antigens over time. The new tools that we describe enable precise tracking of RSV-specific CD4+ cells, potentially accelerating the development of effective vaccines.TRIAL REGISTRATION ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02755948.FUNDING Medical Research Council, Wellcome Trust, National Institute for Health Research.
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
Recent occurrences of filoviruses and the arenavirus Lassa virus (LASV) in overlapping endemic areas of Africa highlight the need for a prophylactic vaccine that would confer protection against all of these viruses that cause lethal hemorrhagic fever (HF). We developed a quadrivalent formulation of VesiculoVax that contains recombinant vesicular stomatitis virus (rVSV) vectors expressing filovirus glycoproteins and that also contains a rVSV vector expressing the glycoprotein of a lineage IV strain of LASV. Cynomolgus macaques were vaccinated twice with the quadrivalent formulation, followed by challenge 28 days after the b...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion and Perspectives CYP51 plays a crucial role in fungal invasive growth, hyphae formation and virulence, and inhibitors targeting CYP51 have always been an important component of antifungal agents. Further researches on fungal CYP51s might set about from the following aspects: First, while the detailed crystal structures of several susceptible pathogenic fungi CYP51 have been elaborated, those of drug-resistant variants are still in hypothesis. If those structures were elucidated, targeting at common drug-resistant CYP51 protein variants could probably be promising. Second, it deserves more in-depth researches to...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In this study they also showed PTX3 localized in NETs formed after neutrophil activation (5). Proteomics analysis revealed that PTX3 forms complexes with two anti-microbial proteins [azurocidin (AZU1) and myeloperoxidase (MPO)] associated to NETs (30). More recently, PTX3 localization in NETs has been confirmed, and the colocalization with AZU1 and MPO has been defined more accurately (31). Further investigation will be needed to understand the involvement of PTX3 interaction with AZU1 and MPO in their antibacterial role during NET formation. Regulation of Complement Activation PTX3 interaction with microorganisms is not...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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