Adherence to the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research recommendations for cancer prevention is associated with better health –related quality of life among long-term colorectal cancer survivors: results of the PROFILES registry

AbstractSince colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors often suffer from long-term adverse health effects of the cancer and its treatment, having a negative impact on their health-related quality of life (HRQL), this study focuses on the association between adherence to WCRF/AICR recommendations and HRQL among CRC survivors. In a cross-sectional PROFILES registry study in 1096 CRC survivors (mean time since diagnosis 8.1  years), WCRF/AICR adherence scores (range 0–8, with a higher score for better adherence) were calculated, and HRQL was assessed using the EORTC QLQ-C30. Associations between adherence scores and HRQL scores were investigated using linear regression analyses. Additionally, associations with adher ence to guidelines for body mass index (BMI) (normal weight, overweight and obese), physical activity (PA) (score 0/1) and diet (score 
Source: Supportive Care in Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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(Wiley) Although colorectal cancer is associated with obesity, it is unclear if weight loss surgery impacts the incidence of these tumors. Results from a new study published in the International Journal of Cancer suggest that the risk of colon cancer may be increased in individuals who have undergone such surgery.
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe purpose of this review is to discuss the implications of the increased prevalence of emulsifiers in processed foods in daily consumption, the links to obesity both in mice and in vitro studies, and how those findings correlate with humans.Recent FindingsThere is rising interest in understanding the contributors to the obesity epidemic. One potential component recently studied has been the consumption of processed foods causing inflammatory changes leading to metabolic syndrome. This phenomenon has been shown in several mice and in vitro studies with changes in microbiome composition, elevated f...
Source: Current Gastroenterology Reports - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
ConclusionAgeing and lower vegetable intake, previously reported to be risk factors for CRC, were likewise identified in this study. However, a multi-centre study with a larger sample size, utilising data from this study, is needed.
Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: research
Authors: Lv Y, Patel N, Zhang HJ Abstract Introduction: The liver is the most common metastatic site of colorectal cancer (CRC), and the long-term survival rate of CRC patients who cannot resect liver metastatic lesions radically is extremely low. Early identification of risk factors for liver metastasis from CRC may be an effective strategy to reduce the incidence of liver metastasis. The incidence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is increasing in parallel with an increasing prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome (MS), which has become one of the main causes of chronic liver disease worldwide.Are...
Source: Expert Review of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol Source Type: research
Some of the most common symptoms experienced by cancer patients are memory problems, difficulties with multitasking, and reduced attention and concentration. Historically, cancer patients with these symptoms were often diagnosed with depression. Research over the past decade has revealed that many cancer patients experience such symptoms as a consequence of specific damage to the brain caused by either their tumor or their treatment. While radiation to the brain has long been linked to causing cognitive difficulties, the effects of chemotherapy on brain structure and function have only recently been discovered. We now know...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Brain and cognitive health Cancer Memory Radiation Source Type: blogs
Authors: Brenner DR, Ruan Y, Shaw E, O'Sullivan D, Poirier AE, Heer E, Villeneuve PJ, Walter SD, Friedenreich CM, Smith L, De P Abstract BACKGROUND: Although cancer incidence over time is well documented in Canada, trends by birth cohort and age group are less well known. We analyzed age- and sex-standardized incidence trends in Canada for 16 major cancer sites and all cancers combined. METHODS: We obtained nationally representative population-based cancer incidence data in Canada between 1971 and 2015 from the National Cancer Incidence Reporting System (1969-1992) and the Canadian Cancer Registry (1992-2015). ...
Source: Canadian Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: CMAJ Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Patient, tumor, and bony pelvic anatomical characteristics are not seen to influence laparoscopic total mesorectal excision operative difficulty. Mesorectal area is identified as a risk factor for intraoperative and postoperative morbidity. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/B35. FACTORES QUE PREDICEN LA DIFICULTAD OPERATIVA DE LA ESCISIÓN MESORRECTAL TOTAL LAPAROSCÓPICA ANTECEDENTES: La escisión mesorrectal total laparoscópica es un procedimiento desafiante. Para obtener resultados óptimos, se requiere cirugía de alta calidad. Se cree que, factores co...
Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Contributions: Colorectal Cancer Source Type: research
Authors: Lega IC, Lipscombe LL Abstract Obesity and diabetes have both been associated with an increased risk of cancer. In the face of increasing obesity and diabetes rates worldwide, this is a worrying trend for cancer rates. Factors such as hyperinsulinemia, chronic inflammation, anti-hyperglycemic medications and shared risk factors have all been identified as potential mechanisms underlying the relationship. The most common obesity- and diabetes-related cancers are endometrial, colorectal and post menopausal breast cancers. In this review, we summarize the existing evidence that describes the complex relations...
Source: Endocrine Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Endocr Rev Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewMalignancy is the second most common cause of death in individuals with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Understanding unique characteristics of malignancy risk beyond hepatocellular carcinoma in NAFLD has significant implications in counseling and personalized preventative measures in this high-risk population. Herein, we systematically review the literature reporting extra-hepatic malignancies in NAFLD and discuss the key biological mechanisms underpinning the association between excess adiposity and cancer risk.Recent FindingsSeveral studies have shown significant associations between N...
Source: Current Hepatitis Reports - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Authors: Bluethmann SM, Foo W, Winkels RM, Mama SK, Schmitz KH Abstract PURPOSE: (a) To describe the relationship of multimorbidity and physical activity (PA) in cancer survivors and (b) to explore perceived disability and PA in middle-aged and older survivors. METHODS: The authors analyzed the data from cancer survivors (N = 566), identified using the Pennsylvania Cancer Registry, who responded to a Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System-derived questionnaire. They created age groups (e.g., 45-54 years, 55-64 years, 65-74 years, and 75 years and older) and calculated a composite score of eig...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research
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