Commentary: Opioid use disorder and suicide: an important opportunity to address two significant public health epidemics - Maruti S, Desjardins I, Bagge CL, Althoff RR.

Nationwide, the opioid epidemic continues to have a significant and widespread adverse impact on morbidity and mortality. The number of individuals dying by suicide and unintentional overdose has continued to increase over the past decade, with opioids bei...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Related Links:

This is not new news, but it's strong confirmation of earlier observations that have been somewhat controversial, and also bad news that the trend is continuing.That trend is declining life expectancy in the U.S. I'm not linking to the full report in JAMA because it's incredibly wonky and behind a paywall anyway, but rather to the associated editorial, which tells you what you need to know.Before we get into the substance of this, let me explain the concept of life expectancy. I'll try to put this simply, but some people find it confusing. It's really a fictitious, though useful, construct. It isn't really a prediction of ...
Source: Stayin' Alive - Category: American Health Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsNonmedical use of prescription opioids is associated with many health risk behaviors. Opportunities to reduce nonmedical use of prescription opioids include screening pediatric patients for opioid use disorder, improved prescribing practices, and, from a primary prevention perspective, integrated evidence-based health education programs in schools.
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
With all the news media accounts and reports from governmental health organizations about the opioid epidemic, including the 70,237 drug overdose deaths in 2017, a newly emerging threat is gaining attention: use and misuse of benzodiazepines, opioid drugs and Z-drugs. Specifically, combining these three drugs can create a deadly combination that snuffs out lives. Benzodiazepine Overdose Deaths on the Rise Benzodiazepines, a class of sedative narcotic drugs including Xanax and Valium used to treat anxiety, insomnia and other disorders and classified as Schedule IV under the Controlled Substances Act by the Drug Enforcement ...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Addictions Substance Abuse Suicide Source Type: news
U.S. life expectancy has decreased for the second year in a row, and an editorial in the BMJ points to three contributing factors: drugs, alcohol and suicides, particularly among middle-age white Americans and those living in rural communities. The authors of the paper paint a bleak picture of the problems facing much of the United States today, but the authors say that policies that bolster the middle-class can help reverse the trend. The recent drop in life expectancy is alarming, the editorial states, “because life expectancy has risen for much of the past century in developed countries, including in the U.S.&rdqu...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized healthytime onetime public health Source Type: news
McLean Hospital Guest Blogger Hilary Smith Connery, MD, PhD Self-inflicted injury is now the 8th leading cause of mortality, while suicide is the 10th leading cause of death in the United States. That's a stunning number of people dying by their own hand in one form or another, and in addition to galvanizing public health prevention efforts, these statistics pose an urgent need to identify root causes and more effective treatment systems. Treatment works, but beyond having access to appropriate medical and psychological help, the social environment is critical to creating successful recovery opportunities for those suff...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
By JEFF GOLDSMITH Donald Trump’s stunning upset victory has occasioned a lot of searching among political analysts for an underlying explanation for the unexpected turn in voter sentiment. Many point to Trump’s galvanizing support among white working class and middle income Americans in economically depressed regions of the US- particularly Appalachia and the upper middle west “Rust Belt” – as the main factor that put him in office. While the Democrats concentrated on the so-called “coalition of the ascendant”- voter groups like Hispanics and Millennials that are growing, Trump ro...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: blogs
While black Americans still face worse health outcomes and suffer earlier mortality than white Americans, a new report from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services states that the life expectancy gap between blacks and whites is narrowing.  “Blacks are catching up,” Samuel Preston, a demographer at the University of Pennsylvania, told The New York Times. “The gap is now the narrowest it has been since the beginning of the 20th century, and that’s really good news.” As it stands, black Americans can expect to live until age 76, while white Americans are likely to live until age 79...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - Category: Science Source Type: news
Highlights from Day Four Our coverage of APA’s Annual Meeting continues with U.S. Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer’s address on the inside workings of the Supreme Court; a report on the results of an APA poll on “phantom” insurance networks; and the continued debate over the ethics of involuntary outpatient commitment laws. Justice Stephen Breyer Gives Inside Look at Country’s Highest CourtU.S. Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer spoke today at APA’s 2016 Annual Meeting in Atlanta about his latest book, The Court and the World: American Law and the New Global Realities, and what it&...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Anita Everett Ezra Griffith Ivan Montaya Jeffrey Swanson Kim Janda Marvin Swartz Nathan Fairman Scott A. Irwin Stephen Breyer Steven Sharfstein Thomas Frieden Thomas Jenkins Source Type: research
Conclusion Evaluating the potential harms of a commonly used drug—especially a complex substance like marijuana—is a challenging but vital task. Fully informed awareness of both the potential and proven benefits and the potential and proven harms of marijuana are necessary in order to have rational discussions with patients, teens, and decision makers regarding marijuana use. Based on a review of the current literature, we suggest the mnemonic DDUMB (dependence, driving, underachievement, mental illness, and “bad to worse”) as a tool that captures several of the more well-supported, brain-based risk...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology Child Adol Mental Disorders Cognition Current Issue Medical Issues Neurologic Systems and Symptoms Psychiatry Psychopharmacology Review Substance Use Disorders Cannabis dependence drug-related har Source Type: research
The prescription opioid crisis of overdosing and overprescribing has reached epic proportions, according to the North American media. Just last week, we learned that 91% of patients who survive opioid overdose are prescribed more opioids! The CDC calls it an epidemic, and notes there's been “a 200% increase in the rate of overdose deaths involving opioid pain relievers and heroin.” A recent paper in the Annual Review of Public Health labels it a “public health crisis” and proposes “interventions to address the epidemic of opioid addiction” (Kolodny et al., 2015).In the midst of this publ...
Source: The Neurocritic - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Source Type: blogs
More News: Alcoholism | Depression | Epidemics | Epidemiology | International Medicine & Public Health | Overdose | Suicide