Impact of Toll-like Receptors 2(TLR2) and TLR 4 Gene Variations on HCV Susceptibility, Response to Treatment and Development of Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Cirrhotic HCV Patients.

This study was conducted to clarify the association of SNPS of TLR2 and TLR4 with clinical outcome of hepatitis C, response to treatment and development of HCC. Methods: The current study examined 3295 individuals from 725 families that were categorized into groups comprising chronic HCV (CH), spontaneous viral clearance (SC) and control subjects. Treated patients were classified into responders (RT) and non-responders (NRT). In addition, patients with liver cirrhotic (LC), and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were also included. All subjects were genotyped for five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of TLR2 and four SNPs of TLR4 and their haplotypes using allelic discrimination real-time PCR. Results: Results demonstrated strong association with allele A of rs13105517 of TLR2 and allele C of rs10116253 of TLR4 with CH in comparison to SC group. However, The peak of risk of HCC was observed with allele C of rs3804099 of TLR2 and C allele of rs10116253 TLR4 (p
Source: Immunological Investigations - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Immunol Invest Source Type: research

Related Links:

In this study, we evaluate complete blood count based inflammatory markers in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) to predict overall and recurrence-free survival of patients after liver transplant. Between 2001 and 2017, all HCC indicated liver transplants were retrospectively reviewed. Inclusion criteria included presence of complete blood cell counts with differential within three months prior to transplantation. Exclusion criteria included retransplantation and inadequate posttransplant followup. A total of 160 patients with HCC were included in the study. Of those, 74.4% had hepatitis C virus as the underlying cause of HCC....
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
We examined US sensitivity for diagnosis of HCC in obese patients. Methods: Liver transplant patients data with HCC in explant was used (January 2012-December 2017). All patients underwent liver US within 3 months of diagnosis of HCC. Number/size of HCC lesions were extracted from radiologic and pathologic reports. Obesity was defined as BMI ≥30 kg/m2. Results: One hundred sixteen patients were included. 80% were male, with mean BMI of 31 kg/m2. The most common underlying liver disease was hepatitis C virus (62%). At the time of diagnosis, median number of HCC lesions was 2 (interquartile range [IQR], 1-3), and ...
Source: Clinical and molecular hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Clin Mol Hepatol Source Type: research
We present a narrative review of HCC in Africa, discussing present and future trends. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Seminars in Liver Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to analyze, in a population treated for hepatitis C infection at a tertiary care treatment unit, the prevalence of comorbidities and extrahepatic manifestations, the range and degree of the clinical complexity and the associations between advanced liver disease and clinical variables. METHODS: Medical records from chronically infected hepatitis C patients seen at a dedicated treatment facility for complex cases in the Infectious Diseases Division of Hospital das Cl ínicas in Brazil were analyzed. Clinical complexity was defined as the presence of one or more of the following conditions:...
Source: Clinics - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) are extremely effective in eradicating hepatitis C virus (HCV) in chronically infected patients. However, the protective role of the sustained virologic response (SVR) achieved by second- and third-generation DAAs against the onset of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and mortality is less well established. AIM: To examine the occurrence of HCC or death from any cause in a retrospective-prospective study of patients treated with DAAs. METHODS: Patients were enrolled from a tertiary academic hospital center for liver disease management that collects ...
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Conclusions: The constantly increasing prevalence of NAFLD in the general population can contribute to a growing role of NAFLD/NASH in HCC epidemiology. Moreover, some particular challenges specific for patients with liver steatosis may impede proper HCC diagnosis, treatment and follow-up. PMID: 31631714 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
Authors: Sherman KE, Peters MG, Thomas DL Abstract Among individuals with HIV infection, liver disease remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality, even with the availability of agents that cure hepatitis C infection and suppress hepatitis B replication. The causes of liver disease are multifaceted and continue to evolve as the population ages and new etiologies arise. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and hepatitis viruses such as A, D, and E have emerged even as hepatitis C has receded. Newer antiretroviral agents may increase risk of weight gain and subsequent fatty infi...
Source: Topics in antiviral medicine - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Top Antivir Med Source Type: research
Authors: Kawaguchi T, Ide T, Kondo R, Nomura Y, Arinaga-Hino T, Kuwahara R, Amano K, Sano T, Akiba J, Ohshima K, Yano H, Torimura T Abstract Although the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) occurring after hepatitis C virus (HCV) eradication has decreased, there are still reports of hepatocarcinogenesis. The present study investigated the histological changes of non-cancerous liver tissue obtained prior to interferon (IFN) therapy and after HCC development. A total of 669 HCV-infected Japanese patients who achieved sustained virological response (SVR) by IFN-based therapy were retrospectively enrolled. Of t...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Direct-acting antivirals (DAA) have become the new standard of care for patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, demonstrating to be highly effective in achieving sustained virological response (SVR) rates regardless of HCV-genotype. Due to their safety profile and low side effects any patient in any stage of chronic liver disease (from mild fibrosis to decompensated cirrhosis) can be treated with DAA [1]. Therefore, it is important to know which patients will be prone to develop liver-related complications, such hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or liver decompensation, and will need a lifelong follow up and ...
Source: Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
virus (HCV) is a major public health problem and a leading cause of chronic liver disease. Over 150 million people worldwide have chronic HCV infection and are at risk of developing its life-threatening complications. Acute infection is usually asymptomatic, with most patients unaware that they have contracted the virus. Some patients clear the virus spontaneously, but most become chronic carriers. If carriers are identified, they can be treated with antiviral therapy, the main goal being prevention of cirrhosis, liver failure and hepatocellular carcinoma by eradicating the virus.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Liver infections Source Type: research
More News: Allergy & Immunology | Cancer & Oncology | Carcinoma | Genetics | Hepatitis | Hepatitis C | Hepatocellular Carcinoma | Liver | Liver Cancer | Liver Disease | Study | Urology & Nephrology