Ginsenoside Rg3 regulates DNA damage in non-small cell lung cancer cells by activating VRK1/P53BP1 pathway

This study explored the effect of ginsenoside Rg3 on DNA repair and VRK1/P53BP1 signaling pathway. Ginsenoside Rg3 treatment significantly decreased the incidence and invasionin a mouse model of lung cancer induced by urethane. The results of cell survival assay and single cell gel electrophoresis showed that ginsenoside Rg3 protected lung adenocarcinoma cells from DNA damage as well as inhibited the proliferation of tumor cells. Ginsenoside Rg3 increased the mRNA and protein expression of VRK1 in NSCLC cells as measured by RT-qPCR and western blot, respectively. These findings suggests that ginsenoside Rg3 regulates VRK1 signaling. Immunofluorescence assays showed that P53BP1 and VRK1 protein level increased, and the VRK1 protein translocated between the nuclei and cytoplasm. Finally, this conclusion was confirmed by the reverse validation in VRK1-knockdown cells. Taken together, these results show that ginsenoside Rg3 upregulate VRK1 expression and P53BP1 foci formation in response to DNA damage thereby inhibiting the tumorigenesis and viability of cancer cells. These findings reveal the role of Rg3 in lung cancer and provides therapeutic targets for developing new drugs in the prevention and treatment of lung cancer.Graphical abstract
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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