Lopinavir Loaded Spray Dried Liposomes with Penetration Enhancers for Cytotoxic Activity.

CONCLUSIONS: Liposomal drug delivery system of LPV has potential to deliver skin to the systemic circulation and useful for treating cancer. PMID: 31593534 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Infect Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research

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Yicheng Ni Cancer remains a major cause of death globally. Given its relapsing and fatal features, curing cancer seems to be something hardly possible for the majority of patients. In view of the development in cancer therapies, this article summarizes currently available cancer therapeutics and cure potential by cancer type and stage at diagnosis, based on literature and database reviews. Currently common cancer therapeutics include surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy. However, treatment with curative intent by these methods are mainly eligible for patients with localized diseas...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of reviewAs the treatment of many malignancies has improved, brain metastases (BM) have been observed as a site of the first recurrence in patients with controlled systemic cancers. This suggests that while the administered chemotherapy is effective against systemic cancer, drug concentrations in the central nervous system (CNS) are likely too low to be effective. These findings are in accord with data suggesting that more than 98% of FDA-approved drugs on the market today are unable to cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB).Recent findingsThis retrospective literature review was conducted to estimate the prop...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The method employed in Australia to calculate the lifetime risks of cancer diagnosis and mortality overestimates these risks, especially for men. PMID: 31691294 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Medical Journal of Australia - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med J Aust Source Type: research
ConclusionAlthough LM arising from gynecological cancers is considered rare, identification of LM may be important to predict prognosis and develop new therapeutic strategies.
Source: International Journal of Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThere was limited intracranial clinical activity for abemaciclib monotherapy in NSCLC and MEL pts in this study; OIRR and short median PFS suggest that no further studies for abemaciclib monotherapy are warranted in this pt population.Clinical trial identificationNCT02308020.Editorial acknowledgementMedical writing assistance was provided by Kristi Gruver, employee of Eli Lilly and Company.Legal entity responsible for the studyEli Lilly and Company.FundingEli Lilly and Company.DisclosureE. Le Rhun: Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution), Oscar Lambert Center, Lille, FR: Mundipharma; Resea...
Source: Annals of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundImmune therapies targeting the programmed cell death receptor (ligand) 1 (PD-1/PD-L1) axis have shown remarkable activity in a variety of solid tumors. While substantial responses were observed in asymptomatic patients with brain metastases (BM), their clinical activity in primary brain tumors remains limited. In a cohort of adult brain tumor patients, we aimed to analyze soluble PD-L1 (sPD-L1) levels in patient plasma as a systemic marker of tumor - immune system interactions.MethodsWe obtained EDTA plasma from 55 glioblastoma, 26 lower-grade (WHO grade II - III) glioma (LGG), 17 meningioma and 43 BM pat...
Source: Annals of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study investigated the prevalence and the distribution of FGFR aberrations in Chinese cancer patients.MethodsWe screened genomic profiling results of plasma or tissue samples from 10,582 patients spanning 16 cancer types: lung, breast, gastric, hepatobiliary, pancreatic, soft tissue sarcoma, esophageal, ovarian, colorectal, head and neck, renal, endometrial, osteogenic sarcoma, cervical, melanoma and lymphoma.ResultsOf the 10,582 patients screened, we observed 745 patients with FGFR aberrations, revealing an overall prevalence of 7.03%. Approximately, 3.78% harbored FGFR amplification, 2.73% had other mutations and 0....
Source: Annals of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe presence of tumor cells in the CSF appears to have a greater prognostic role than the neuroimaging presentation. EANO ESMO LM subtypes are prognostic and should be considered in the design of clinical trials.Legal entity responsible for the studyUniversity Hospital of Zurich.FundingHas not received any funding.DisclosureAll authors have declared no conflicts of interest.
Source: Annals of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Abstract Myoferlin, a protein of the ferlin family, has seven C2 domains and exhibits activity in some cells, including myoblasts and endothelial cells. Recently, myoferlin was identified as a promising target and biomarker in non-small-cell lung cancer, breast cancer, pancreatic adenocarcinoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, colon cancer, melanoma, oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, clear cell renal cell carcinoma and endometrioid carcinoma. This evidence indicated that myoferlin was involved in the proliferation, invasion and migration of tumour cells, the mechanism of which...
Source: J Cell Mol Med - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: J Cell Mol Med Source Type: research
AbstractT cell receptor (TCR) gene-engineered T cells have shown promise in the treatment of melanoma and synovial cell sarcoma, but their application to epithelial cancers has been limited. The identification of novel therapeutic TCRs for the targeting of these tumors is important for the development of new treatments. Here, we describe the preclinical characterization of a TCR directed against Kita-Kyushu Lung Cancer Antigen-1 (KK-LC-1, encoded byCT83), a cancer germline antigen with frequent expression in human epithelial malignancies including gastric cancer, breast cancer, and lung cancer. Gene-engineered T cells expr...
Source: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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