Propofol Reduces Inflammatory Brain Injury after Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: Involvement of PI3K/Akt Pathway

Background: Our previous study showed that propofol, one of the widely used anesthetic agents, can attenuate subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH)-induced early brain injury (EBI) via inhibiting inflammatory and oxidative reaction. However, it is perplexing whether propofol attenuates inflammatory and oxidative reaction through modulating PI3K/Akt pathway. The present study investigated whether PI3K/Akt pathway is involved in propofol's anti-inflammation, antioxidation, and neuroprotection against SAH-induced EBI.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research

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Hongfei Gu1†, Shuang Shao2†, Jie Liu3,4,5, Zhenqian Fan2, Yu Chen2, Jingxian Ni3,4,5, Conglin Wang6, Jun Tu3,4,5, Xianjia Ning3,4,5, Yongzhong Lou1*, Bin Li1* and Jinghua Wang3,4,5* 1Department of Neurology, Tianjin Haibin People's Hospital, Tianjin, China 2Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, The Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China 3Department of Neurology, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin, China 4Laboratory of Epidemiology, Tianjin Neurological Institute, Tianjin, China 5Key Laboratory of Post-Neuroinjury Neuro-Repair and Regeneration i...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: These findings indicate that TBI differentially affects the levels of sex-steroid hormones in men and women patients. Plasma levels of testosterone could be a good candidate blood marker to predict recovery from unconsciousness after sTBI for male patients. Introduction Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of death and disability worldwide and is increasing in incidence (1). Patients with acute severe TBI (sTBI) often develop severe disorders of consciousness, i.e., coma, minimally conscious state or vegetative state. Although many patients may regain consciousness during the 1-month post-TBI p...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Anemia on admission was associated with higher mortality and an increased risk of poor outcome in patients with ICH. However, the results were limited by the high heterogeneity of included studies. Prospective, multi-center or population-based, large sample cohort studies are needed in the future. Introduction Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is the second most common cause of stroke and a highly lethal disease (1), which still lacks effective therapeutic interventions (2, 3). Although age, baseline ICH volume and neurological status on admission are well-known predictors of outcome of ICH (4), none of t...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: There is a wide heterogeneity of postoperative cerebral hemodynamic findings among TBI patients who underwent DC, including hemodynamic heterogeneity between their cerebral hemispheres. DC was proved to be effective for the treatment of cerebral oligoemia. Our data support the concept of heterogeneous nature of the pathophysiology of the TBI and suggest that DC as the sole treatment modality is insufficient. Introduction Decompressive craniectomy (DC) may effectively decrease intracranial pressure (ICP) and increase cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients with refracto...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: There is a wide heterogeneity of postoperative cerebral hemodynamic findings among TBI patients who underwent DC, including hemodynamic heterogeneity between their cerebral hemispheres. DC was proved to be effective for the treatment of cerebral oligoemia. Our data support the concept of heterogeneous nature of the pathophysiology of the TBI and suggest that DC as the sole treatment modality is insufficient. Introduction Decompressive craniectomy (DC) may effectively decrease intracranial pressure (ICP) and increase cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients with refracto...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractThe main objective was to evaluate, whether the subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH)-associated early inflammatory response has focal or global character, i.e., whether areas distant to hematoma may be affected by an early inflammatory response. The second objective was to evaluate the association of anesthesia recovery time for basic reflexes/neurological functions with severity of SAH. SAH was induced in rats using an endovascular perforation model. Anesthesia recovery time was evaluated for pain reaction recovery time (spinal level), spontaneous ventilation recovery time (brain stem level), and consciousness recovery t...
Source: Translational Stroke Research - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Purpose of review To examine the benefits of early mobilization and summarize the results of most recent clinical studies examining early mobilization in critically ill patients followed by a presentation of recent developments in the field. Recent findings Early mobilization of ICU patients, defined as mobilization within 72 h of ICU admission, is still uncommon. In medical and surgical critically ill patients, mobilization is well tolerated even in intubated patients. In neurocritical care, evidence to support early mobilization is either lacking (aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage), or the results are inconsisten...
Source: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: INTENSIVE CARE AND RESUSCITATION: Edited by Marek Brzezinski Source Type: research
DESPITE SIGNIFICANT IMPROVEMENTS in the management of patients with cardiovascular disease, stroke remains the second leading cause of death worldwide.1 Ischemic strokes account for 87% of all strokes, whereas 10% result from intracerebral hemorrhage, and 3% are subarachnoid hemorrhage strokes.
Source: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
Neurocritical care as a subspecialty has grown rapidly over the last two decades, including fast-growing new techniques in neuromonitoring, neuroimaging, and various therapeutic tools.Neurosurgical Intensive Care by Javed Siddiqi is a focused, concise handbook that provides a quick review mainly for residents and fellows receiving training in neurocritical care, but also provides a useful refresher for other healthcare professionals providing care to critically ill neurosurgical patients. The book has 31 chapters with some changes in the table of contents and the addition of two chapters compared with the first edition. Ne...
Source: Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Background: Hyponatremia occurs commonly after acute brain injury and is often due to the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH). Urea administration is 1 therapeutic option. Methods: In our Department, enteral urea is routinely administered to patients with acute brain injury who develop hyponatremia consistent with SIADH and do not respond to an initial sodium load. We reviewed the records of all patients over a 2-year period, who had acute brain injury, received enteral urea because of hyponatremia, and had intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring using an intraventricular catheter. We recorded ...
Source: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Clinical Investigations Source Type: research
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