Infection prevention control and organisational patient safety culture within the context of isolation: study protocol

Healthcare associated infection (HCAI) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. In recent years, there have been high profile successes in infection prevention control (IPC), such as the dramatic reductions in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bloodstream infections (which is viewed as one proxy indicator of overall harm) and Clostridium difficile in the UK. Nevertheless, HCAI remains a costly burden to health services, a source of concern to patients and the public and at present, is receiving priority from policy makers as it contributes to the global threat of antimicrobial resistance.
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 23 January 2020Source: Process BiochemistryAuthor(s): Prakashkumar Nallasamy, Thenmozhi Ramalingam, Nooruddin Thajuddin, Rajasree Shanmuganathan, Arivalagan Pugazhendhi, Suganthy NatarajanAbstractStarch is a natural, renewable biopolymer widely used in pharmaceutical industry for the controlled release of drugs and hormones. Triphala Churna (TC) a tridoshic rasayana, rich in polyphenols and vitamin C possess balancing and rejuvenating effect on three constitutional elements that govern the human life. To enhance the solubility and efficiency of the ayurvedic drug TC, attempts were made to...
Source: Process Biochemistry - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 March 2020Source: Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Volume 532Author(s): Honglin Luo, Jian Xiao, Mengxia Peng, Quanchao Zhang, Zhiwei Yang, Hongjuan Si, Yizao WanAbstractA multifunctional bioactive material with osteogenic and antibacterial performance is of crucial importance for the repair of large bone defects. Herein, three-dimensional (3D) mesoporous bioactive glass (MBG) nanofibrous scaffolds doped with copper (Cu) were synthesized via a one-pot template-assisted sol-gel method followed by calcination. The morphology, structure, pore structure, in vitro bioactivity, cell biocompatibility, and an...
Source: Journal of Non Crystalline Solids - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
C. difficile is the most common organism to cause healthcare-associated infection (HAI) in the United States (Dubberke, Carling, Carrico, Donskey, Loo, McDonald, et al., 2014). C. diff infection (CDI) rates in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) recipients are up to 9-fold higher than those in other inpatient units due to weakened immune systems, long hospitalizations and antibiotic treatments (Bruminhent, Wang, Hu, Wagner, Sunday, Hegarty, et al., 2014). The nursing team and Infection Prevention and Control (IPC) personnel on the HSCT unit noticed the cluster of HAI CDI.
Source: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 591 Source Type: research
Infection is a serious complication of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (SCT). However, the optimum oral agent for antibacterial prophylaxis in SCT recipients remains uncertain. Different antibiotics might affect incidence of blood stream infections, resistance, Clostridium difficile, gut microbiome, GVHD and relapse. To explore this we started this first clinical trial of levofloxacin (Levo) versus ciprofloxacin (Cipro) at our center.Methods: This is a single center prospective randomized study.
Source: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 491 Source Type: research
The objective of this study is to determine the incidence of CDI during and after auto-HCT and to identify risk factors for the development of CDI including diagnosis.Methods: We performed a retrospective study to describe the epidemiology, timing, and risk factors for CDI among adult patients who received autologous HCTs at our center from January 2007 through December 2018.
Source: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 625 Source Type: research
Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a leading cause of hospital-acquired infection. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (aHSCT) recipients in the peri-transplant periods represent an especially vulnerable population due to chronic immunosuppression, prolonged hospital stays, and routine use of antibiotics (abx). Previous attempts to identify potential risk factors (RF) for CDI are inconsistent in the literature.
Source: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 533 Source Type: research
Conclusion This study confirms the in vitro antibacterial activity of BIOCITRO® against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. For most of the strains, the product reached the bactericidal effect at the same concentration of the bacteriostatic effect and maximum difference between MIC and MBC was two dilution steps. The less susceptible species of the study were S. enterica ssp. enterica and E. coli with MBC90 values of 256 and 128 μg/mL, respectively, while the most susceptible was C. perfringens with MBC90 of 16 μg/mL. After short exposition time to the product, the significant effect over the viability of ...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
150 years after Semmelweis advised fellow physicians to sanitize their hands to mitigate the effect of infections, the maintenance of hygiene is still a widespread problem in hospitals and the source of healthcare-associated infections. Now, technological solutions line up against microorganisms, bacteria, and fungi. Here are a few examples. 1 in 9 in-patients will die due to infection According to the US Center for Disease Control, studies show that on average, healthcare providers clean their hands less than half of the times they should. This significantly contributes to the spread of healthcare-associated infections (H...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Healthcare Design Medical Professionals Policy Makers clean digital digital health future HAI healthcare-associated infection hygiene Medicine robot robotics sensors technology trackers wearable Source Type: blogs
Abstract Healthcare‐acquired infections (HAI) impact on patient care and have cost implications for the Australian healthcare system. The management of HAI is exacerbated by rising rates of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Health‐care workers and a contaminated hospital environment are increasingly implicated in the transmission and persistence of multi‐resistant organisms (MRO), as well as other pathogens, such as Clostridium difficile. This has resulted in a timely focus on a range of HAI prevention actions. Core components include antimicrobial stewardship, to reduce overuse and ensure evidence‐based antimicrobia...
Source: Internal Medicine Journal - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Perspectives Source Type: research
Carrie Arnold is a freelance science writer living in Virginia. Her work has appeared in Scientific American, Discover, New Scientist, Smithsonian, and more. Background image: Reprinted by permission from Macmillan Publishers Ltd: doi:10.5923/s.microbiology.201401.02 About This Article open Citation: Arnold C. 2015. Outbreak breakthrough: using whole-genome sequencing to control hospital infection. Environ Health Perspect 123:A281–A286; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.123-A281 Published: 1 November 2015 PDF Version (2.7 MB) The level of detail provided by whole-genome sequencing could give hospita...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Featured Focus News November 2015 Source Type: research
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