Comparison of high-resolution synchrotron-radiation-based phase-contrast imaging and absorption-contrast imaging for evaluating microstructure of vascular networks in rat brain: from 2D to 3D views

In conclusion, SR-based phase-contrast imaging holds great promise for visualizing microstructure of microvascular networks in two- and three-dimensional perspectives during the development of neurovascular diseases.
Source: Journal of Synchrotron Radiation - Category: Physics Authors: Tags: 2D 3D brain microtomography synchrotron radiation vascular network research papers Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 11 October 2019Source: The Lancet HIVAuthor(s): Takara L Stanley, Lindsay T Fourman, Meghan N Feldpausch, Julia Purdy, Isabel Zheng, Chelsea S Pan, Julia Aepfelbacher, Colleen Buckless, Andrew Tsao, Anela Kellogg, Karen Branch, Hang Lee, Chia-Ying Liu, Kathleen E Corey, Raymond T Chung, Martin Torriani, David E Kleiner, Colleen M Hadigan, Steven K GrinspoonSummaryBackgroundNon-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a substantial cause of comorbidity in people with HIV and there are no proven pharmacological treatments for the disease in this population. We assessed the effects of tesamo...
Source: The Lancet HIV - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Authors: O’Brien KF, Saardi KM, Johnson LS, Shupp JW, Rodic N, Pasieka HB Abstract Drug re-exposure resulting in Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) or toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a rare phenomenon and has scarcely been reported. With an aging population, polypharmacy, and a lack of a unified electronic medical record, standard recommendations to prevent or minimize the risk of re-exposure are necessary. We identified five patients, with diagnosis confirmed SJS/TEN, and determined the clinical characteristics and contributing risk factors leading to re-exposure. Polypharmacy, multiple prescribers, advanced...
Source: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Tags: J Drugs Dermatol Source Type: research
SATURDAY, Oct. 12, 2019 -- Fall can be a challenging time of the year for kids with asthma, an expert says. " Although asthma can flare up for a number of reasons, a lot of people with allergies also have asthma, and asthma can be triggered by...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news
i Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease which is associated with higher levels of systemic inflammation. The causes of asthma remain poorly understood. Unhealthy diet and food allergy are potential risk factors for developing asthma. The prevalence of asthma in the Arabian Gulf region (AGR), and Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Qatar in particular, is higher than in other Eastern Mediterranean countries. In the AGR, diets tend to be of low nutritional value due to high levels of total energy, cholesterol, sodium, added sugars and saturated fat, and low levels of fiber, fruit and vegetables. A few studies that include childre...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
Individual susceptibility to allergic diseases is developmentally programmed by early-life exposures. Evidence from preclinical studies suggests that intrauterine growth restriction is protective against later inflammatory responses to allergens.
Source: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractThe paper aims to leverage the highly unstructured user-generated content in the context of pollen allergy surveillance using neural networks with character embeddings and the attention mechanism. Currently, there is no accurate representation of hay fever prevalence, particularly in real-time scenarios. Social media serves as an alternative to extract knowledge about the condition, which is valuable for allergy sufferers, general practitioners, and policy makers. Despite tremendous potential offered, conventional natural language processing methods prove limited when exposed to the challenging nature of user-gener...
Source: Health Information Science and Systems - Category: Information Technology Source Type: research
Condition:   HIV Intervention:   Behavioral: HIV self-testing with partner notification. Sponsors:   University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill;   National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Hypothyroidism;   Thyroid Disease;   Euthyroid;   Thyroid Gland;   Thyroid Hormones Interventions:   Drug: Armour® Thyroid;   Drug: Synthetic T4 Sponsor:   Allergan Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Condition:   HIV Intervention:   Behavioral: HIV self-testing with partner notification. Sponsors:   University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill;   National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Hypothyroidism;   Thyroid Disease;   Euthyroid;   Thyroid Gland;   Thyroid Hormones Interventions:   Drug: Armour® Thyroid;   Drug: Synthetic T4 Sponsor:   Allergan Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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