Association of 25-hydroxyvitamin D with incident coronary heart disease in the reasons for geographic and racial differences in stroke (REGARDS) study

ConclusionsLower plasma 25(OH)D concentrations were associated with higher risk of incident CHD. In contrast to prior studies, these associations did not differ by race.
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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Conclusions: This cohort study demonstrates that apo B and the apo B/apo A-I ratio were a significant risk predictor of stroke. Furthermore, the predictive ability of apo B and the apo B/apo A-I ratio in stroke risk was better than routine clinical lipid measurements. Thus, measurements of apolipoproteins have superior clinical utility over traditional lipid measurements in identifying subjects at risk for ischemic stroke.Cerebrovasc Dis
Source: Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionOptimizing blood glucose level during the perioperative period with correct medication and dose have a significant role in reducing morbidities. Measures should be taken to provide a safe blood glucose level for optimum outcomes.
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: REVIEW ARTICLE Source Type: research
AbstractObjectivesThe burden of multimorbidity is increasing worldwide; however, little is known about trends in multimorbidity prevalence among Chinese older adults. We aimed to estimate the prevalence and trends of multimorbidity in community-dwelling older adults in Beijing.DesignLongitudinal.Setting and participantsResidents of Beijing aged ≥60 years.MeasurementsData were derived from the Beijing Longitudinal Study of Aging, using cluster, stratification, and random sampling. A total of 1842, 2914, and 1837 participants were included in the 2004, 2011, and 2017 sample, respectively. Multimorbidity was defined as the...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
MONDAY, Sept. 14, 2020 -- Coronary artery calcium (CAC) risk score is a better predictor of coronary heart disease (CHD) than stroke, according to a study published online Aug. 18 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging. Anurag Mehta, M.D., from...
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
CONCLUSION Increased pre-operative presepsin independently predicted 30-day MACCE in CAD patients undergoing major noncardiac surgery. Complementing cardiovascular risk prediction by inflammatory biomarkers, such as presepsin, offers potential to improve peri-operative care. However, as prediction accuracy of presepsin was only moderate, further validation studies are needed. TRIAL REGISTRATION Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT03105427.
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Cardiac anaesthesia Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Multimorbid patients with ACS are at a greater risk for worse outcomes than their nonmultimorbid counterparts. Lack of consistent measurement makes interpretation of the impact of multimorbidity challenging and emphasizes the need for more research on multimorbidity's effects on postdischarge healthcare utilization. PMID: 32925234 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: J Cardiovasc Nurs Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Lithium treatment may be associated with less progression in carotid intima-media thickness and the reduced risk for atherosclerosis in adults with bipolar disorder, including those with high cardiovascular disease risk. In addition to age and body mass index, antipsychotics may increase carotid intima-media thickness even in the low cardiovascular disease-risk patients. PMID: 32900219 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Aust N Z J Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionsWe did not find enough reliable evidence to find out whether a tax on the fat content of foods resulted in people eating less fat, or less saturated fat.We did not find any evidence about how a tax on the fat content of foods affected obesity or overweight.The results of our review will change when further evidence becomes available.Discussing the findings of this review, lead author Stefan Lhachimi said, “A tax on saturated fats could be in principle a good approach to reduce the consumption of so-called junk foods, a group of food products which is fiendishly tricky to define in legal terms. By taxing a ...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - Category: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: news
Abstract Dengzhan Xixin injection (DZXXI), a herbal product prepared from a Chinese herb called Erigeron breviscapus, is a classical and traditional therapeutic for cadiovascular diseases (CVDs), including coronary heart disease (CHD), angina, and stroke, etc. However, its potential pharmacology mechanism against CVDs remains unclear. In this paper, a systems pharmacology-based strategy is presented for predicting drug targets and understanding therapeutic mechanisms of DZXXI against CVDs. The main ingredients were identified by HPLC-diode array detector (DAD). The target fishing was performed on the PharmMapper S...
Source: Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) Source Type: research
Conclusions: Together, these data suggest an association between stroke and mortality in the perioperative period in patients undergoing CABG, demonstrating a need for improved monitoring, screening, and treatment of stroke before, during, and shortly after surgery.
Source: The Neurologist - Category: Neurology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
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