AI may help detect atrial fibrillation from a normal rhythm ECG

Preliminary data indicate that a 10 second non-invasive test can identify US patients with intermittent abnormal heart rhythm Related items fromOnMedica ‘Silent’ heart attacks may affect one in 16 people Hypertension raises risk of mitral regurgitation Coronary heart disease remains UK ’s biggest killer Heart disease and stroke deaths plummet in Scotland Omega 3 from seafood linked to healthier ageing
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news

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AbstractBackgroundPatients with NAFLD are considered at a high risk of cardiovascular events due to underlying metabolic risk factors. Currently, data related to the impact of NAFLD on cardiovascular risk in the general population are lacking.AimsThe aim of this study was to investigate the role of NAFLD on risk of myocardial infarction (MI), coronary heart disease (CHD), atrial fibrillation (AF), and stroke in primary care in Germany.MethodsThe study included patients diagnosed with NAFLD in primary care between 2010 and 2015. NAFLD cases (n = 22,048) were matched to a cohort without NAFLD (n =&thinsp...
Source: Digestive Diseases and Sciences - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
The impact of atrial fibrillation (AF) catheter ablation vs. chronic antiarrhythmic therapy alone on clinical outcomes such as death and stroke remains unclear. We compared adverse outcomes for AF ablation versus chronic antiarrhythmic therapy in 1070 adults with AF treated between 2010 and 2014 in the Kaiser Permanente Northern California and Southern California healthcare delivery systems. Patients undergoing AF catheter ablation were matched to patients treated with only antiarrhythmic medications, based on age, gender, history of heart failure, history of coronary heart disease, history of hypertension, history of diab...
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
The impact of atrial fibrillation (AF) catheter ablation versus chronic antiarrhythmic therapy alone on clinical outcomes such as death and stroke remains unclear. We compared adverse outcomes for AF ablation versus chronic antiarrhythmic therapy in 1,070 adults with AF treated between 2010 and 2014 in the Kaiser Permanente Northern California and Southern California healthcare delivery systems. Patients who underwent AF catheter ablation were matched to patients treated with only antiarrhythmic medications, based on age, gender, history of heart failure, history of coronary heart disease, history of hypertension, history ...
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Wańkowicz P, Nowacki P, Gołąb-Janowska M Abstract Introduction: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cause of ischemic stroke (IS). Atrial fibrillation patients are recommended to use oral anticoagulants (OACs) as part of prevention against IS. However, despite having a therapeutic intensity of OAC therapy, IS can still occur in such patients. The aim of our study was to examine the configuration of IS risk factors in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) and within the therapeutic INR range (TINR). Material and methods: Our retrospective study involved 1835 patients with a re...
Source: Archives of Medical Science - Category: General Medicine Tags: Arch Med Sci Source Type: research
Conclusion: Intracranial artery calcification is common in patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease and the intracranial carotid artery is most frequently affected. Intracranial arterial calcifications might be associated with imaging markers of SVD and are highly correlated with WMHs, lacunes, and CMBs. Quantification of calcification on CT provides additional information on the pathophysiology of SVD. Intracranial arterial calcification could act as a potential marker of SVD. Introduction Atherosclerosis is a systemic vascular process that is considered a major cause of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular di...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Embolism associated with asymptomatic carotid stenosis shows circadian variation with highest rates 4–6 h before midday. This corresponds with peak circadian incidence of stroke and other vascular complications. These and ASED Study results show that monitoring frequency, duration, and time of day are important in ES detection. Introduction Transcranial Doppler (TCD) detected microembolism in the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) may help stratify the risk of stroke and other arterial disease complications in persons with advanced (≥60%) asymptomatic carotid stenosis. If so, this techniqu...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractCardiovascular disease affects more than 90 million Americans. Recent studies support an increased cardiovascular disease risk in inflammatory conditions, such as gout. Increased serum urate levels, or hyperuricemia, are a precursor to gout. Data from meta-analyses have shown hyperuricemia to be linked to hypertension and coronary heart disease. Similarly, gout has been associated with an increased risk of myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular accidents, and death from cardiovascular disease in randomized clinical trials. Urate-lowering therapy reduces serum urate and may decrease systemic inflammation, generation...
Source: Drugs - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Early decompressive hemicraniectomy (DHC) reduces mortality among patients 60  years of age or younger with space‐occupying large hemispheric infarction (LHI). However, whether patients older than 60 years might also benefit from surgery remains unclear. Meanwhile, the impact of age on outcome has not been well studied in LHI. In the present study, we performed an interes ting prospective study comparing differences between patients older and younger than 60 years with LHI. We found that LHI patients over 60 years old were a little more than those aged ≤60 years and constitute more than half o...
Source: Brain and Behavior - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
A wealth of clinical and epidemiological evidence has linked obesity to a broad spectrum of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) including coronary heart disease, heart failure, hypertension, stroke, atrial fibrillation and sudden cardiac death. Obesity can increase CVD morbidity and mortality directly and indirectly. Direct effects are mediated by obesity-induced structural and functional adaptations of the cardiovascular system to accommodate excess body weight, as well as by adipokine effects on inflammation and vascular homeostasis.
Source: Metabolism - Clinical and Experimental - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2018Source: Journal of Clinical NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Shengbang Zheng, Baodong YaoAbstractRisk factors for first-ever stroke have been studied extensively, while those for recurrent stroke are not accurately understood. To provide the adequate secondary prevention for the patients, it is necessary to reveal the risk factors that dominate recurrent stroke. Multiple databases were adopted to search for the relevant studies and full-text articles involving in the risk factors for stroke recurrence were reviewed. Meta-analyses were performed with Review Manager 5.0 to estimate the...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
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