Psychoeducation Interventions for Parents and Teachers of Children and Adolescents with ADHD: a Systematic Review of the Literature

AbstractAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most common neuropsychiatric condition in childhood and adolescence. Psychoeducation has been recommended by different guidelines as an initial treatment for ADHD, however the effects of the intervention for reducing symptoms and improving other outcomes still need to be established. This systematic review investigated the magnitude of impact that psychoeducation interventions have on various outcomes in children with ADHD. A systematic review of articles published between 1990 and 2018 was conducted of treatment outcome studies that investigated the effects of psychoeducation programs on youth with ADHD and their families. The outcomes of included studies consisted of ten constructs related to child and family functioning. Analyses used Hedges ’g formula to calculate individual study and summary effect sizes. Thirteen studies met our criteria. Among the effect sizes that were analyzed, significant findings include moderate to large effects on ADHD symptom improvement as reported by parents and teachers (g = 0. 787), parent/teacher and child knowledge about ADHD (g = 1.037 andg = 0. 721, respectively). Among the outcomes assessing child’s family and social functioning, effect sizes – as reported by parents, teachers, children/adolescents, and clinicians – were moderate to small. A few outcomes, including parenting stress and quality of life, were fo...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research

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Abstract The goals of the health maintenance visit in school-aged children (five to 12 years) are promoting health, detecting disease, and counseling to prevent injury and future health problems. During the visit, the physician should address patient and parent/caregiver concerns and ask about emergency department or hospital care since the last visit; lifestyle habits (diet, physical activity, daily screen time, secondhand smoke exposure, hours of sleep per night, dental care, safety habits); and school performance. Poor school performance may indicate problems such as learning disabilities, attention-deficit/hyp...
Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research
Abstract Recent studies of co-occurring reading disorder (RD) and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and co-occurring RD and language impairment (LI), support a core disability plus co-occurrence model focused on language and attention. Genetic factors have been associated with poor reading performance. However, little is known about whether different genetic variants independently contribute to RD co-occurrence subtypes. We aimed to identify subgroups of struggling readers using a latent profile analysis (LPA) in a sample of 1,432 Hispanic American and African American youth. RD classes were then te...
Source: Child Neuropsychology - Category: Child Development Authors: Tags: Child Neuropsychol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 August 2019Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Janneke R Zinkstok, Erik Boot, Anne S Bassett, Noboru Hiroi, Nancy J Butcher, Claudia Vingerhoets, Jacob A S Vorstman, Therese A M J van AmelsvoortSummary22q11.2 deletion syndrome is characterised by a well defined microdeletion that is associated with a high risk of neuropsychiatric disorders, including intellectual disability, schizophrenia, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorder, anxiety disorders, seizures and epilepsy, and early-onset Parkinson's disease. Preclinical and clinical data reveal substantial ...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe DCE was sensitive to caregivers’ preferences for managing their child's coexisting cognitive/intellectual and emotional/behavior/developmental disability. Findings may help providers gauge treatment in a broader context of health outcomes.
Source: Academic Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Publication date: September 2019Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 92Author(s): Guillaume Pineau, Thomas Villemonteix, Hichem Slama, Martin Kavec, Danielle Balériaux, Thierry Metens, Simon Baijot, Alison Mary, Nicolas Ramoz, Philip Gorwood, Philippe Peigneux, Isabelle MassatAbstractDopamine active transporter gene (DAT1) is a candidate gene associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The DAT1 variable number tandem repeat (VNTR)-3’ polymorphism is functional and 9R carriers have been shown to produce more DAT than 10R homozygotes. We used functional magnetic resonance i...
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
This study analyzes the effects on attention of a serious game based on multiple intelligences in a sample of 44 students (age range = 6–16 years; experimental group = 24; control group = 20) with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and specific learning disorder (SLD). Performance and observation measures of attention were used. The intervention consisted of 28 sessions (10 min each), in which the participants trained with 10 games based on multiple intelligences. A significant improvement in attention performance measures (visual attention) was found after the intervention, with the experimental and...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Discussion The negative effect of poverty and toxic stress on children born preterm, as depicted by the eco-bio-developmental model, is supported by this analysis. Healthcare providers are encouraged to address the tripartite vulnerability resulting from prematurity, poverty, and toxic stress.
Source: Nursing Research - Category: Nursing Tags: FEATURE ARTICLES Source Type: research
CASE: Kyle is a 10-year-old boy with Down syndrome and intellectual disability who is being followed up by a developmental behavioral pediatrician for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and anxiety. Kyle was initially taking a long-acting liquid formulation of methylphenidate for ADHD and fluoxetine for anxiety. Several months ago, the liquid formulation was on back order, and the methylphenidate formulation was changed to an equal dose of a long-acting capsule. Kyle is not able to swallow pills; therefore, the contents of the capsule were sprinkled onto 1 bite of yogurt each morning. Over the course of the ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - Category: Child Development Tags: Challenging Case Source Type: research
Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities, Ahead of Print. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the possible basis of challenging behaviour (CB) can lie in a treatable neurodevelopmental disorder. Design/methodology/approach Two case studies were used to illustrate the clinical characteristics of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) presenting as CB in people with intellectual disability (ID). Findings The findings of this paper show that the appropriate use of drug therapy for ADHD effectively reduced the behavioural challenges. Research limitations/implications Limited by two cases....
Source: Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities, Ahead of Print. Purpose Research highlights that antipsychotic medications are prescribed more in people with Intellectual Disability (ID) without a diagnosis of severe mental illness. Despite non-pharmacological interventions recommended as alternatives, their application can be challenging due to heterogeneity of the patient group. The purpose of this paper is to discuss application of quality improvement (QI) methodology in adapting interventions, aiming to reduce challenging behaviour of people with ID, thereby reducing use of antipsychotic medication. Design/met...
Source: Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
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