Association Between Body Mass Index (BMI) and Brachial-Ankle Pulse Wave Velocity (baPWV) in Males with Hypertension: A Community-Based Cross-Section Study in North China.
Association Between Body Mass Index (BMI) and Brachial-Ankle Pulse Wave Velocity (baPWV) in Males with Hypertension: A Community-Based Cross-Section Study in North China. Med Sci Monit. 2019 Jul 15;25:5241-5257 Authors: Huang J, Chen Z, Yuan J, Zhang C, Chen H, Wu W, Chen Z, Liu Y, Zheng M, Chen S, Wu S, Chen Y Abstract BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the association between body mass index (BMI) and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) in hypertensive males. MATERIAL AND METHODS Altogether, 14 866 male hypertensive participants were included in the analysis. Participants were divided into 3 groups: low BMI group (BMI
Abstract While the opioid epidemic has garnered significant attention, the use of methamphetamines is growing worldwide independent of wealth or region. Following overdose and accidents, the leading cause of death in methamphetamine users is cardiovascular disease, because of significant effects of methamphetamine on vasoconstriction, pulmonary hypertension, atherosclerotic plaque formation, cardiac arrhythmias, and cardiomyopathy. In this review, we examine the current literature on methamphetamine-induced changes in cardiovascular health, discuss the potential mechanisms regulating these varied effects, and high...
PMID: 31339778 [PubMed - in process]
This study set out to determine the prevalence of abnormal carotid ultrasound findings and their association with cognitive function among the adults ≥60 years in Wakiso district, Uganda in 2018. A total of 210 participants were included. Carotid artery stenosis, presence of plaque, stenosis and intima-media thickness were assessed by ultrasound. Cognitive status was assessed using a Mini Mental State Exam (MMSE) test. The prevalence of plaque was 21.4%. Variables which included; presence of plaque, age, education, gender, marital status, whether participant stayed alone or with someone else, care for self, occupation...
ConclusionsThe levels of the metabolites, including bile acids, amino acids, glycerophospholipids and fatty acids, in the plasma were changed, and 14 significantly changed metabolites were closely related to the preventive effect against liver diseases, type 2 diabetes, anemia, obesity, atherosclerosis, depression and anti-inflammatory effects. The five components of Angelica keiskei were related the modulatory activity of reducing the levels of bile acids and fatty acids.Graphical abstract
Abstract Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with several cardiovascular comorbidities including hypertension, arteriosclerosis, and heart failure. Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) is a frequently performed surgical treatment for OSA. Aims/Objectives: To analyze if UPPP can improve cardiac parameters associated with atherosclerosis and reduce the cardiac burden in OSA patients. Material and methods: A prospective cohort study was performed at a single tertiary care center where OSA patients undergoing UPPP were evaluated. Preoperative and 6-month postoperative cardiac parameters namely carotid ...
We present a mechanism that is not only plausible but should also be useful for developing new therapeutic strategies. PMID: 31191997 [PubMed]
Conclusions- The present study demonstrated for the first time that mitochondrial oxidative damage because of deficient SIRT3/SOD2 signaling contributes to the decline in reendothelialization capacity of EPCs in hypertension. Maintenance of mitochondrial redox homeostasis in EPCs may be a novel therapeutic target for endothelial injury. PMID: 31189433 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionsPatients with epilepsy are at higher risk of subsequent stroke and MI in comparison with subjects without epilepsy. Although individual AEDs may carry different risks of cardio- and cerebrovascular disease, the clinical relevance of the metabolic effects of the enzyme-inducing AEDs is still uncertain.This article is part of the Special Issue “Seizures &Stroke
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with epilepsy are at higher risk of subsequent stroke and MI in comparison with subjects without epilepsy. Although individual AEDs may carry different risks of cardio- and cerebrovascular disease, the clinical relevance of the metabolic effects of the enzyme-inducing AEDs is still uncertain. This article is part of the Special Issue "Seizures &Stroke. PMID: 31182394 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions- Our results show that CHK1 exerts a proproliferative function in PAH-PASMCs by mitigating DNA damage and suggest that CHK1 inhibition may, therefore, represent an attractive therapeutic option for patients with PAH. PMID: 31092016 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]