Imaging of Emerging Infectious Diseases

AbstractPurpose of ReviewEmerging infectious diseases have seen a record increase in prevalence, and understanding their management is critical in an increasingly global community. In this paper, we review current literature detailing the role of radiology in the diagnosis and treatment of the Ebola (EVD), Zika (ZVD), Chikungunya (CHIKF), H1N1, Middle East Respiratory (MERS), and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) viruses.Recent FindingsComplex protocols are required to safely use portable imaging in EVD to prevent nosocomial spread of disease. In ZVD, antenatal ultrasound can detect fetal abnormalities early, allowing implementation of care and support to affected families. Imaging is useful in assessing the extent of involvement of chronic CHIKF and monitoring treatment effect. Chest radiography and CT play a more direct role in the diagnosis and monitoring of the viral infections with primarily respiratory manifestations (H1N1, MERS, and SARS).SummaryRadiology plays a variable role in emerging infectious diseases, requiring an understanding of disease transmission and safe imaging practices, as well as imaging features that affect clinical management.
Source: Current Radiology Reports - Category: Radiology Source Type: research

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Authors: Reddy S, Rao K R, Kashyap JR, Kadiyala V, Reddy H, Malhotra S, Daggubati R, Kumar S, Soni H, Kaur N, Kaur J, Ramalingam V Abstract Aim: Coronary slow flow (SF) is an important complication of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) associated with poor prognosis. The aim was to assess grey-scale intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and virtual histology (VH-IVUS) characteristics of culprit lesion in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).Methods: A total of 295 consecutive patients with STEMI underwent coronary angiogram and IVUS. Following PCI, patients divided into two groups; SF (thrombolysis in myocard...
Source: Acta Cardiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Acta Cardiol Source Type: research
Authors: Snyder LL, Knox SC, Smutny CJ Abstract Hip pain in adults is a common complaint. Secondary processes can often mask underlying conditions, prolonging the course to diagnosis and definitive treatment. In this case, a 74-year-old man presented to an outpatient clinic after 6 weeks of right hip pain that began upon initiation of a rehabilitation program following coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Various imaging and treatment modalities (including radiography, osteopathic manipulative treatment, injection of the greater trochanteric bursa, L2-3 paravertebral block, magnetic resonance imaging, and intra-ar...
Source: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: J Am Osteopath Assoc Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 28 May 2020Source: Annals of Emergency MedicineAuthor(s): Jon Wolfshohl, Andrew Shedd, James P. d’Etienne, Eric H. Chou
Source: Annals of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
Background: Device rupture is considered a major complication associated with breast implants. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration recommends magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) surveillance 3 years after implantation and then every 2 years, but adherence to these recommendations is poor. The authors identified current practice management for breast implant rupture surveillance by surveying practicing U.S. plastic surgeons. Methods: An online survey of all active members of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons was performed. Questions analyzed imaging practice patterns related to breast implants. Logistic regressio...
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusion: HIFU plus electrical stimulation can induce a substantial reduction in the waist circumference of pigs.
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Experimental Source Type: research
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Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Experimental Source Type: research
This study evaluated motor recovery after reconstruction of a long nerve gap using a processed nerve allograft and the influence of storage techniques. Methods: Nerve allografts were decellularized using elastase and detergents and stored at either 4° or −80°C. In 36 New Zealand White rabbits, a 3-cm peroneal nerve gap was repaired with either an autograft (group 1, control) or a cold-stored (group 2) or frozen-stored (group 3) processed nerve allograft. Nerve recovery was evaluated using longitudinal ultrasound measurements, electrophysiology (compound muscle action potentials), isometric tetanic force, w...
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Experimental Source Type: research
ConclusionsAnalgesic effects of continuous QLB were inferior to those of continuous FNB in patients undergoing THA under the current study condition.
Source: Journal of Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The data imply that a) COVID-19 can lead to hyposmia in a relevant number of patients, the incidence was approximately 30% in this cohort; b) in most cases, the olfactory disturbance was not associated with nasal obstruction, thus indicating a possible neurogenic origin; and c) the olfactory disorder largely resolved within 1-3 weeks after the onset of COVID-19 symptoms. There were no indications of an increased incidence of dysgeusia. These early data may help in the interpretation of COVID-19-associated hyposmia as well as in the counseling of patients, given the temporary nature...
Source: HNO - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research
With cases rising in Florida, Singapore, Vietnam and Trinidad and Tobago, the Zika virus pandemic is raising public concern in regions across the globe, including the U.S., where about 80 percent of Americans are aware of it but only 40 percent understand how it is actually transmitted. This raises a host of questions not only about the clinical and epidemiological scope of the outbreak, but also about the ability of citizens, public health authorities and politicians at all levels to adequately deal with it.  So far, the response has been slow and the challenge remains serious and unpredictable. We need to understand...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - Category: Science Source Type: news
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