Rapid Cardiac MRI Protocols: Feasibility and Potential Applications
This article provides a review of how rapid Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (CMR) has been used successfully in different clinical settings, outlining the current role of CMR and the unique, incremental information provided in the care of the patient. The article will provide a review of the abbreviated protocols used, future developments and ways to optimize these protocols. A major emphasis of the application of this technology is in Low and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs) where Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the major cause of morbidity and mortality, however the principles and protocols can be applied across a broad array ...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - February 20, 2020 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

An Overview of Strategies Targeting Inappropriate Advanced Diagnostic Imaging in the Setting of Acute Uncomplicated Low Back Pain
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe aims of this article are to review the driving forces for increased utilization of imaging within the US and to review the strategies currently being implemented to curtail the use of inappropriate advanced diagnostic imaging (ADI) in the setting of acute uncomplicated low back pain.Recent FindingsStrategies aimed at reducing inappropriate ADI in the setting of uncomplicated low back pain, including guideline dissemination, clinical decision support (CDS), audit and feedback, prior authorization, and prior notification.SummaryIncreasing utilization of inappropriate ADI is a multifactorial probl...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - January 23, 2020 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Contemporary Imaging Findings in Aortic Arch Surgery
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe purpose of this manuscript is to review the surgical techniques of aortic arch repair, imaging techniques for evaluating the pre- and post-operative aortic arch, and both normal and abnormal post-operative imaging appearances.Recent FindingsAortic arch repair is a technically challenging and rapidly evolving procedure, utilizing a variety of surgical methods that result in variable imaging appearances. Imaging plays an important role in the diagnosis of aortic arch abnormalities, as well as diagnosis of abnormalities in the adjacent ascending and descending aorta. Imaging also plays a key role ...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - November 7, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

The Pros and Cons of Structured Reports
This article will provide a review of the pros and cons of structured reporting. (Source: Current Radiology Reports)
Source: Current Radiology Reports - October 1, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Update In Percutaneous Lung Ablation
This article provides a review of currently available ablative devices and its use in lung ablation. (Source: Current Radiology Reports)
Source: Current Radiology Reports - September 5, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

A Guided Survey Approach for Joint Commission Preparedness in Radiology
We present an efficient, interactive survey tool that can aid practice leaders, including radiologists and administrators, as they internally survey their own departments in preparation for The Joint Commission survey process. (Source: Current Radiology Reports)
Source: Current Radiology Reports - August 31, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

A Review of the Currently Available Retrievable and Next Generation Inferior Vena Cava Filters
This article is aimed at aiding interventionists in filter selection by providing easily accessible data.Recent FindingsThe Inferior Vena Cava filters has and will continue to play a primary role in the prevention of thromboembolic disease, especially in the acute care setting. There are a plethora of publications regarding the safety and efficacy of the traditional removable filter in addition to  multiple comparative analyses discussing their intervariability and design characteristics. Over the last three years, the FDA has approved novel filter designs for widespread use. While the research on these “next-ge...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - August 29, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Developing Diagnostic Radiology Training in Low Resource Countries
We describe how features of a radiology residency that we helped design in Rwanda will lead to a successful, long-term educational program.SummaryIn this paper we note the growing interest in and need for global imaging along with the insufficient number of radiologists and radiology training programs in resource-limited countries. We make recommendations for and describe a model of ethical radiology educational outreach. (Source: Current Radiology Reports)
Source: Current Radiology Reports - August 5, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Vascular Imaging: Utilization of Dual-Energy Computed Tomography
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe goal of this review is to present a concise summary of the current literature on the use of dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) for vascular imaging.Recent FindingsDECT techniques have shown significant promise and useful applications for the detection of subtle pulmonary embolism, intramural hematoma, active bleeding, and differentiation of bleed from contrast staining in the brain, with potentially less radiation and improved accuracy.SummaryVascular imaging with DECT has many new applications through enhanced technology and postprocessing algorithms. (Source: Current Radiology Reports)
Source: Current Radiology Reports - July 17, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Imaging of Emerging Infectious Diseases
AbstractPurpose of ReviewEmerging infectious diseases have seen a record increase in prevalence, and understanding their management is critical in an increasingly global community. In this paper, we review current literature detailing the role of radiology in the diagnosis and treatment of the Ebola (EVD), Zika (ZVD), Chikungunya (CHIKF), H1N1, Middle East Respiratory (MERS), and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) viruses.Recent FindingsComplex protocols are required to safely use portable imaging in EVD to prevent nosocomial spread of disease. In ZVD, antenatal ultrasound can detect fetal abnormalities early, allowi...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - July 11, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Deep Learning for Chest Radiology: A Review
This article will provide a review of leading and emerging deep-learning-based applications in chest radiology. (Source: Current Radiology Reports)
Source: Current Radiology Reports - July 3, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Imaging of Tuberculosis in Resource-Limited Settings
AbstractPurpose of reviewTo describe the imaging findings of tuberculosis with different imaging modalities, as well as the current usage and importance of imaging tuberculosis in resource-limited settings.Recent findingsPrimary pulmonary tuberculosis can manifest as lung parenchymal disease, lymphadenopathy, pleural effusion, and/or miliary disease. Differentiating features of post-primary tuberculosis include cavitation, bilateral tree-in-bud nodules, and an absence of lymphadenopathy. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis can involve nearly any organ system, including the heart, central nervous system, bones and abdominal organs....
Source: Current Radiology Reports - July 1, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Tumors of the Urinary Tract
ConclusionModern surgical techniques such as nephron-sparing surgery demand high-quality imaging in the preoperative workup of renal lesions, as well as modern medical therapies, and the follow-up after nephron-sparing surgery needs reliable diagnostic information. (Source: Current Radiology Reports)
Source: Current Radiology Reports - July 1, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Ultrasound in the Limited-Resource Setting: A Systematic Qualitative Review
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe purpose of this review is to summarize the most recently published literature regarding ultrasound (US) use in limited-resource settings.Recent FindingsThe body of literature is quite heterogeneous, but several recurring themes emerged from the data. Research regarding education is burgeoning, with studies showing that low-cost training modules can effectively teach US skills to novices. Many studies reported feasibility of training non-physicians to perform US, which allows for task-shifting. Research regarding clinical application of US is broad; especially regarding Echocardiography, Infecti...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - May 24, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Imaging in Lung Cancer
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTo describe the current role of imaging in the detection, staging, therapy planning and response assessment in lung cancer.Recent FindingsLung cancer screening using low-dose CT has been shown to reduce mortality in risk groups of active or former smokers and has, thus, been recommended by several societies and organisations worldwide. There remain, however, questions regarding optimum definition of risk factors and screening intervals. Staging criteria for lung cancer have been updated in the 8th edition of the TNM staging to better reflect prognosis. Preliminary research in radiomics in lung canc...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - May 20, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Global Outreach for U.S. Radiology Training Programs
This article will provide a summary of requirements for creating and sustaining a global outreach elective and provide ideas and resources for overcoming common roadblocks. (Source: Current Radiology Reports)
Source: Current Radiology Reports - May 20, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Humanitarian Teleradiology
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTo outline the current state of humanitarian teleradiology: scope of projects, technical and organization challenges, and to outline how recent technological developments will change the face of humanitarian teleradiology and global health.Recent FindingsTechnical and information technology improvements in recent years have enabled small- and large-scale teleradiology projects in many regions, some quite remote, of low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). These are aimed at alleviating the severe shortage of radiologists in LMICs. Teleradiology offers an opportunity for radiologists in high-income...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - April 16, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

PET Imaging of Hepatocellular Carcinoma
AbstractPurpose of ReviewPositron emission tomography has not traditionally played a major role in the evaluation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Owing to high background liver uptake and molecular mechanisms within HCC lesions, uptake of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) is variable and prior studies have shown only modest overall detection of intrahepatic disease.Recent FindingsTracers such as 18F- and 11C-choline as well as 11C-acetate have been explored either in isolation or together with 18F-FDG have shown greater promise in detection of intrahepatic lesions, but yet are not in widespread clinical use. 68  Ga-Pros...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - April 16, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Emerging Role of Fluciclovine and Other Next Generation PET Imaging Agents in Prostate Cancer Management
AbstractPurpose of ReviewProstate cancer recurrence after definitive therapy is not uncommon. Recurrent disease is first detected by the elevation of prostate specific antigen (PSA) and may often be radiographically occult. The use of molecular imaging for the localization and staging of recurrent prostate cancer is promising.18F-Fluciclovine is a synthetic amino acid analog positron emission tomography (PET) tracer which has demonstrated great utility in the evaluation of patients with suspected recurrence disease. Other newer PET tracers such68Ga/18F-PSMA-ligands are being investigated for prostate imaging with promising...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - April 13, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Somatostatin Receptor Positron Emission Tomography: Beyond Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
AbstractPurpose of ReviewSimilar to various gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) neuroendocrine tumors (NETs), somatostatin receptors (SSTRs) are overexpressed in a wide array of malignant and benign conditions. Using somatostatin positron emission tomography (PET) analogs ([68Ga]DOTA-peptides) this overexpression of SSTRs can be exploited for clinical management in terms of diagnosis, therapy, and for peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT).Recent FindingsRecent reports suggest that [68Ga]DOTA-peptide PET tracers have an emerging role in the management of wide array of non-GEP-NETs due to overexpression of SSTRs. The potenti...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - March 25, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Amino Acid PET Imaging of Glioma
This article summarizes recent developments and clinical applications of the most widely used amino acid radiotracers. While none of these agents are FDA approved in the United States, they are considered standard of care in Europe and other parts of the world with  >  10,000 studies being performed in some centers (Langen et al. in J Neurooncol 120(3):665–666, 2014). (Source: Current Radiology Reports)
Source: Current Radiology Reports - March 21, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Technology-Mediated Education in Global Radiology: Opportunities and Challenges
AbstractPurpose of reviewThis review explores opportunities and challenges in utilizing technology-mediated educational strategies for radiology education in parts of the world where attending radiologist support is limited. In efforts to increase the number of radiologists globally, radiology residencies have been established in regions where radiologists are scarce, several of which have partnerships with programs in other parts of the world. Technology-mediated educational strategies could leverage these partnerships to provide critical infrastructure to these recently established residencies.Recent findingsThe efficaci...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - March 21, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Molecular Imaging of Renal Malignancy: A Review
AbstractPurpose of ReviewRenal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a common malignancy that is often detected incidentally in patients undergoing cross-sectional imaging of the abdomen for workup of pain or other symptoms. Due to overlap in imaging findings of RCC and benign tumors, biopsy may be necessary to confirm the diagnosis. Biopsies are occasionally non-diagnostic, however, and in small lesions or patients with comorbidities may not be technically feasible. Molecular imaging techniques can characterize tumors as being more likely malignant or benign and obviate the need for invasive testing, as well as providing accurate whole...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - March 20, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Ultrasonographic Diagnosis of  Placenta Accreta Spectrum
AbstractPurpose of ReviewAs the number of cesarean deliveries continues to increase, the incidence of placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) has also increased. This is likely due to the abnormal placenta/uterus interface caused by macro- or microscopic scar tissue from prior instrumentation or previous infection. Due to increasing incidence, it is important to be aware of the imaging findings of PAS, as well as the strengths and limitations of different imaging modalities.Recent FindingsThis review focuses on the ultrasound evaluation of PAS, evaluating the accuracy of various sonographic findings and comparing these results to ...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - March 12, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Thyroid Sonography: Nuclear Medicine Point of View
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe American Cancer Society estimated that cancer of the thyroid causes 53,990 new cases and about 2060 deaths in 2018. The chance of being diagnosed with thyroid cancer has risen and this increment seems to be the result of increased use of ultrasound, CT and MR imaging examinations for reasons unrelated to the thyroid. Up to 50% of adults in central Europe have one or multiple thyroid nodules. However, the prevalence of latent carcinoma in an unselected autopsy study was 8.6%. The main diagnostic task is to differentiate between benign and malignant lesions, preferably based upon on ultrasound pa...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - March 12, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Breast Ultrasound for the Evaluation of Benign Breast Disease
AbstractPurpose of ReviewUnderstandably, a great deal of research is dedicated to the identification of sonographic manifestations of malignant breast disease. However, recognition of clinical and imaging characteristics that support benign diagnoses is equally integral to accurate, cost-effective management of breast disease. Review of these characteristics is provided to enable more confident diagnosis and focused management.Recent FindingsAdvances in ultrasound utilization have extended its range to include screening and diagnosis. Coupled with updates to BI-RADS, current practices reflect the indispensable nature of ul...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - March 7, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Ultrasound Screening and Surveillance in Hepatocellular Carcinoma
AbstractPurposeTo review the current state of the use of ultrasound in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) surveillance.FindingsDespite limitations in the evidence supporting the use of ultrasound in HCC surveillance, it has been formally recommended by a number of guidelines based on the best available evidence showing that it improves survival and is cost effective. However, ultrasound surveillance is inconsistently adopted and is prone to a number of practical and technical challenges. The recent introduction of ultrasound LI-RADS aims to standardize performance and reporting of these surveillance studies.SummaryDespite rema...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - February 14, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Prostate Cancer Detection and Diagnosis: Role of Ultrasound with MRI Correlates
AbstractPurpose of ReviewProstate cancer (PCA) detection and diagnosis has rapidly changed in recent years, with medical imaging playing an instrumental component. Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has led to an alternative diagnostic pathway for patient triage and diagnosis. Ultrasound (US) is already essential to this pathway, and development of new US technologies ensures it will assume an even more important role.Recent FindingsConventional US is widely used for anatomic guidance during prostate biopsy, but has low PCA detection rates. Ultrasound elastography and contrast-enhanced US are promising for im...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - February 7, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Nephrogenic Systemic Fibrosis: A Review of History, Pathophysiology, and Current Guidelines
AbstractPurpose of ReviewNephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) is a rare systemic disease with a high mortality. The purpose of this review is to provide clinicians with guidance regarding safe administration of GBCAs to patients with renal disease.SummaryDevelopment of NSF has been linked to the administration of gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) in patients with renal disease. Due to the wide variety of available GBCAs and recommendations regarding safe administration of these agents, it can be difficult for clinicians to choose the best GBCA for this patient population.Recent FindingsAlthough the current ACR guidel...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - February 4, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Intravascular Ultrasound in the Creation of Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunts: Review of the Literature and Future Directions
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTransjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) placement is a well-established interventional radiology procedure for treating sequelae of portal hypertension involving shunting portal blood flow to the hepatic vein bypassing the liver through a stent graft. Creating a TIPS can be a complex and radiation-intensive procedure due to the technically challenging step of cannulating the portal vein from the hepatic vein. As this is the most unpredictable step in TIPS creation, multiple techniques have been described for visualizing the portal vein to facilitate its access. The use of intravascular...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - February 4, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

State-of-the-Art Imaging in Cardiac Oncology
AbstractPurpose of ReviewImaging modalities play an important role in the diagnosis and management of cardiotoxicity and cardiac tumors. In this review, we provide an overview of the imaging modalities that are relevant to the field of cardio-oncology.Recent FindingsCardiac magnetic resonance provides comprehensive tissue characterization in the assessment of cardiac tumors and cardiomyopathy. The combination of positron emission tomography/computed tomography offers improved localization of lesions, staging, targeting of biopsy and therapy, and greater confidence in interpretation.SummaryOverall, cardiac imaging plays a c...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - February 4, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Quality Assurance in Interventional Radiology: Preprocedural Care
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTo review best practices to improve the quality of patient service in the field of interventional radiology prior to performing the procedure.Recent FindingsWe highlight a checklist of elements that have a potential for improvement and contribution to overall quality of patient care from the time of taking the consult, until the time of the procedure. Our check list includes establishing appropriateness of the procedure, reducing waiting times, patient-centered care, patient education, shared decision making, establishing expectations, informed consent, managing the patient ’s medication list...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - February 1, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Quality Assurance in Interventional Radiology: Post-procedural Care
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTo review best practices to improve the quality of patient service in the field of interventional radiology after performing the procedure.Recent FindingsThe aim of this paper is to highlight aspects of post-procedural care such as effective communication, post-procedural management of the patient, handling of obtained specimens, post-procedural follow-up, tracking outcomes, and education to assist the interventionalist in providing comprehensive quality post-procedural care.SummaryPost-procedural communication, follow-up, and outcome tracking are essential elements in the quality assurance of an I...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - February 1, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Quality Assurance in Interventional Radiology: Intra-procedural Care
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTo highlight elements that potentially improve the quality of patient care during the Interventional Radiology procedure.Recent FindingsThe success of an interventional radiology procedure is not merely dependent on the skill of the operator. Many other factors considerably influence the safety and therefore the outcome of the procedure. The following elements are discussed in depth: universal protocol, preprocedural checklist, physical environment, communication during the procedure, preventing infection, planning and executing the procedure, and radiation safety.SummaryIncorporating systems of sa...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - January 25, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Dual-Energy Imaging of the Pancreas
AbstractPurpose of ReviewDual-energy CT (DECT) is a recently introduced computed tomography (CT) technique with the ability to acquire data in multiple energies allowing energy-based material separation based on energy-dependent attenuation profiles of specific materials.Recent FindingsThere are several clinical applications of DECT that are relevant in pancreatic imaging which will be reviewed in this article. Pathologies of the pancreas can vary widely in their clinical significance and can be subtle and difficult to detect. In this article, we review the current literature on DECT in pancreatic imaging, specifically in ...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - October 31, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Beyond Annulus Size: Imaging for TAVR Planning
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe aim of this article is to review the role of imaging in pre-procedural assessment prior to transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) —with a focus on relevant anatomic findings apart from the size of the aortic annulus.Recent FindingsPre-procedure imaging prior to TAVR heavily emphasizes assessment of the aortic annulus for appropriate valve sizing, with computed tomography angiography (CTA) emerging as the test of choice due to its ability to assess not only the aortic annulus but also the thoracoabdominal aorta and peripheral vasculature. Some patients with underlying kidney disease...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - October 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Myocardial Imaging with CMR Parametric Mapping: Clinical Applications
This article provides a summary of the existing evidence for the clinical application of cardiac parametric mapping techniques. (Source: Current Radiology Reports)
Source: Current Radiology Reports - October 16, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Imaging of the Gallbladder with Multi-energy CT
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe goal of this review article is to provide an overview of applications of multi-energy CT as they pertain to gallbladder imaging. We discuss benefits and shortcomings of MECT of various gallbladder pathology, with an emphasis on the imaging of gallstones and cholecystitis. It also touches on promising areas that warrant further investigation.Recent FindingsMECT has demonstrated improved sensitivity for cholelithiasis compared to conventional single-energy CT, with added value of MECT reconstructions, particularly virtual monoenergetic reconstructions, to detect isoattenuating gallstones. MECT io...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - October 4, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Ballistic Injury Imaging: The Basics
This article seeks to increase radiologists ’ knowledge of the pathophysiology of GSW and will review the mechanism of ballistic injury and relate these to commonly encountered imaging findings.Important PointsBallistic injuries are a combination of the direct injury caused by the bullet along its path through the tissues and the shockwave created around that path as the bullet expends its energy. CT is the gold standard in ballistic injury assessment. MRI is not contraindicated in patients with retained ballistic fragments, but should be used with caution. The number of entry/exit wound and the number of retained ba...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - October 4, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Imaging of the Gallbladder with Multi-energy CT
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe goal of this review article is to provide an overview of applications of multi-energy CT as they pertain to gallbladder imaging. We discuss benefits and shortcomings of MECT of various gallbladder pathology, with an emphasis on the imaging of gallstones and cholecystitis. It also touches on promising areas that warrant further investigation.Recent FindingsMECT has demonstrated improved sensitivity for cholelithiasis compared to conventional single-energy CT, with added value of MECT reconstructions, particularly virtual monoenergetic reconstructions, to detect isoattenuating gallstones. MECT io...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - October 4, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Ballistic Injury Imaging: The Basics
This article seeks to increase radiologists ’ knowledge of the pathophysiology of GSW and will review the mechanism of ballistic injury and relate these to commonly encountered imaging findings.Important PointsBallistic injuries are a combination of the direct injury caused by the bullet along its path through the tissues and the shockwave created around that path as the bullet expends its energy. CT is the gold standard in ballistic injury assessment. MRI is not contraindicated in patients with retained ballistic fragments, but should be used with caution. The number of entry/exit wound and the number of retained ba...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - October 4, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Advanced Imaging of the Left Atrium with Cardiac Magnetic Resonance: A Review of Current and Emerging Methods and Clinical Applications
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe thin wall of the left atrium (LA) is difficult to visualize. The high spatial and temporal resolution of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) allows for the most accurate assessment of left atrial structure, function, and tissue characterization. This review will describe emerging methods used to image the LA with CMR, and will discuss associated clinical applications.Recent FindingsLA function can now be described in a dynamic fashion with feature-tracking algorithms. Novel methods have been created to augment visualization of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) in the LA, and left atrial fibrosis c...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - September 6, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

MR Imaging of Patients with Cardiac Implantable Electronic Devices (CIEDs): Implementing a Program and Optimizing CMR
We present several cases of CM R in device patients, including imaging of leadless pacemakers subcutaneous ICDs. Imaging pitfalls/artifacts in CMR interpretation are also presented.SummaryAn organized institutional workflow with an established protocol involving proper patient screening, device programming, scan monitoring, and pre- and post-ICD interrogation minimizes risk in patients with conditional and non-conditional CIEDs. Although rare, significant changes in lead performance, power-on/reset, inappropriate pacing or ICD discharges and battery voltage depletion should be documented. High-quality scans ...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - September 3, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Imaging and its role in tendinopathy: current evidence and the need for guidelines
(Source: Current Radiology Reports)
Source: Current Radiology Reports - September 3, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Quality and Safety in Emergency Radiology
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTo review and outline problems and challenges in regard to patient safety along with solutions to overcome them.Recent FindingsErrors and discrepancies in radiology practice are disappointingly common. The estimated rate of errors is more than 5% in many targeted studies. This requires a detailed review of different types of errors in radiology and potential strategies to prevent them.SummaryAn effective health care delivery system relies heavily on high degrees of skill in professionalism and communication. Strategies to prevent errors and improve communication with physicians in the Emergency Dep...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - September 3, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

MR Imaging of Patients with Cardiac Implantable Electronic Devices (CIEDs): Implementing a Program and Optimizing CMR
We present several cases of CM R in device patients, including imaging of leadless pacemakers subcutaneous ICDs. Imaging pitfalls/artifacts in CMR interpretation are also presented.SummaryAn organized institutional workflow with an established protocol involving proper patient screening, device programming, scan monitoring, and pre- and post-ICD interrogation minimizes risk in patients with conditional and non-conditional CIEDs. Although rare, significant changes in lead performance, power-on/reset, inappropriate pacing or ICD discharges and battery voltage depletion should be documented. High-quality scans ...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - September 3, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Imaging and its role in tendinopathy: current evidence and the need for guidelines
(Source: Current Radiology Reports)
Source: Current Radiology Reports - September 3, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Quality and Safety in Emergency Radiology
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTo review and outline problems and challenges in regard to patient safety along with solutions to overcome them.Recent FindingsErrors and discrepancies in radiology practice are disappointingly common. The estimated rate of errors is more than 5% in many targeted studies. This requires a detailed review of different types of errors in radiology and potential strategies to prevent them.SummaryAn effective health care delivery system relies heavily on high degrees of skill in professionalism and communication. Strategies to prevent errors and improve communication with physicians in the Emergency Dep...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - September 3, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Whole Body MRI: Non-oncological Musculoskeletal Applications
AbstractPurpose of the ReviewWhole-body MRI is an emerging imaging technique on continuous evolution, used in many oncologic indications and introduced more recently in rheumatologic and systemic disorders. In this article, we review the recent musculoskeletal applications of this technique outside the field of cancer.Recent FindingsWhole-body MRI, with its high sensitivity to bone marrow and soft-tissue alterations, and ability of extensive body coverage, is progressively regarded as an effective and powerful imaging tool for the detection, staging, and monitoring under treatment of many rheumatic diseases and systemic pa...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - August 29, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research