CB1 and CB2 receptors play differential roles in early zebrafish locomotor development RESEARCH ARTICLE

In this study we investigated the roles of the eCB system in zebrafish development by pharmacologically inhibiting the CB1R and CB2Rs (with AM251 and AM630 respectively) in either the first or second day of development. We examined the morphology of motor neurons and we determined neuromuscular outputs by quantifying the amount of swimming in 5 dpf larva. Blocking CB2R during the first day of development resulted in gross morphological deficits and reductions in heart rate that were greater than that following treatment with the CB1R blocker AM251. Blocking CB1Rs from 0 to 24 hpf resulted in an increase in the number of secondary and tertiary branches of primary motor neurons, whereas blocking CB2Rs had the opposite effect. Both treatments manifested in reduced levels of swimming. Additionally, blocking CB1Rs resulted in greater instances of non-inflated and partially inflated swim bladders compared with AM630, suggesting that at least some of the deficits in locomotion may result from an inability to adjust buoyancy. Together these findings indicate that the endocannabinoid system is pivotal to the development of the locomotor system in zebrafish, and that perturbations of the eCB system early in life may have detrimental effects.
Source: Journal of Experimental Biology - Category: Biology Authors: Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

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ConclusionsThe use of adhesive can improve masticatory performance of new complete dentures users with normal mandibular ridges in the initial adaptation period up to 60 days after insertion. For resorbed ridges subjects, the use of adhesive had a negative impact on masticatory discomfort/disability OHRQoL at 30 days after insertion.
Source: Journal of Prosthodontic Research - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
ConclusionEATP lowered the serum uric acid level and increased the urine uric acid level through excretion, which is useful in the treatment of gout. Hence the EATP was found to be helpful in the treatment of gout.
Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 August 2019Source: Journal of Ginseng ResearchAuthor(s): Moon Young Park, Se Jik Han, Donggerami Moon, Sangwoo Kwon, Jin-Woo Lee, Kyung Sook KimAbstractBackgroundRed ginseng contains components that can be used in skincare to delay the aging process, including microelements, vitamins, essential oils, and fatty acids. We investigated the effects of red ginseng treatment on skin elasticity by assessing cellular stiffness and measuring collagen protein synthesis.MethodsHuman dermal fibroblasts were treated with red ginseng, and the resulting changes in stiffness were investigated using at...
Source: Journal of Ginseng Research - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionDifferentially expressed in tumors, PLA2G4A, PRKCB, PIK3R1, KDR, PLA2G1B and PTGS2 are potential therapeutic targets of Yupingfengsan in the treatment of LAD, and MAPK, VEGF and ErbB signaling pathways are involved.
Source: European Journal of Integrative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 August 2019Source: Journal of Cardiology CasesAuthor(s): Shohei Kataoka, Ken Kato, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Tamotsu TejimaAbstractIt is challenging to perform ablation of ventricular tachycardia (VT) from the left ventricle (LV) in patients without catheter access to the LV. A 50-year-old man was referred to our hospital for VT. He underwent mechanical aortic and mitral valve replacement for infective endocarditis and embolic myocardial infarction in the left ventricular inferior wall during a surgery. Anti-arrhythmia drugs (AADs) such as sotalol and bisoprolol were initiated and implantable c...
Source: Journal of Cardiology Cases - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 August 2019Source: Journal of Cardiology CasesAuthor(s): Takashi Ando, Hiroshi Okada, Makoto Takeda, Tomio UmemotoAbstractPeriaortitis is one of the less common manifestations of the aorta pathology. Periaortitis mostly arises from the outer layers of the abdominal aorta and iliac arteries. However, other large arteries may also be involved, but rarely the thoracic aorta. Here we present a successful conservative treatment using prednisolone therapy for periaortitis of the aortic arch which shows various clinical symptoms.
Source: Journal of Cardiology Cases - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2019Source: Interventional Cardiology Clinics, Volume 8, Issue 4Author(s): Julian Yeoh, Jonathan Hill
Source: Interventional Cardiology Clinics - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2019Source: Interventional Cardiology Clinics, Volume 8, Issue 4Author(s): David A. Power, Paul Guedeney, George D. Dangas
Source: Interventional Cardiology Clinics - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2019Source: Interventional Cardiology Clinics, Volume 8, Issue 4Author(s):
Source: Interventional Cardiology Clinics - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2019Source: Interventional Cardiology Clinics, Volume 8, Issue 4Author(s):
Source: Interventional Cardiology Clinics - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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