Residential proximity to concentrated animal feeding operations and allergic and respiratory disease.

CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest CAFOs may be an important source of adverse air quality associated with reduced respiratory and allergic health among rural residents living in close proximity to a CAFO. PMID: 31238264 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Environment International - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

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ConclusionsThis study showed that food sensitization at 6 and 12 months was associated with reduced FEV1 in adolescence. Our finding that this link is not completely mediated by either subsequent asthma or aeroallergen sensitization is novel and suggests that early food sensitization itself can be used to identify high-risk groups for poor lung health.
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 June 2019Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In PracticeAuthor(s): Luisa Taylor, Morgan Waller, Jay PortnoyAbstractTelemedicine (TM) involves the use of technology to provide medical services to patients who live at a distance. It can be used asynchronously for interpretation of tests (spirometry, skin tests imaging studies), and for communication of information when the simultaneous presence of provider and patient is unnecessary. Synchronous encounters can be either unscheduled and initiated on-demand by patients or they can be facilitated substitutes for in-perso...
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Test for recombinant latex allergens is much more accurate in recognition of latex allergy than test for latex extract, which seems to produce false-positive results in patients with pollen allergy. The measurements of sIgE against recombinant latex allergens Hev b 6.01, 6.02, 5, and 8 are useful in differentiating OA from WEA. PMID: 31090202 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Occupational Health - Category: Occupational Health Tags: J Occup Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 26 April 2019Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In PracticeAuthor(s): Patrick W. Sullivan, Vahram H. Ghushchyan, Jessica Marvel, Yu Chen Barrett, Anne L. FuhlbriggeBackgroundFEV1 as a percentage of predicted (FEV1%pred) is commonly measured in asthma clinical studies; however, reports vary on its association with asthma control instruments evaluating symptoms.ObjectiveAssess the association between FEV1%pred and Asthma Control Questionnaire (ACQ) scores in a managed-care population with persistent asthma.MethodsRetrospective analysis of survey responses and spirometry...
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Mario Malerba1,2*, Valentina Foci1,2, Filippo Patrucco1,2, Patrizia Pochetti1,2, Matteo Nardin3, Corrado Pelaia4 and Alessandro Radaeli5 1Respiratory Medicine, Department of Translational Medicine, University of Eastern Piedmont, Vercelli, Italy 2Respiratory Unit, Sant’Andrea Hospital, Vercelli, Italy 3Department of Medicine, Spedali Civili di Brescia, Brescia, Italy 4Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Section of Respiratory Diseases, University “Magna Græcia” of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy 5Department of Emergency, Spedali Civili di Brescia, Brescia, Italy Chronic obstructiv...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study hypothesized that similar VOCs might be detected after HBOT. Methods: Ten healthy volunteers of the Royal Netherlands Navy underwent six HBOT sessions (95 min at 253 kPa, including three 5-min “air breaks”), i.e., on five consecutive days followed by another session after 2 days of rest. At 30 min before the dive, and at 30 min, 2 and 4 h post-dive, exhaled breath was collected and followed by PFT. Exhaled breath samples were analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). After univariate tests and correlation of retention times, ion fragments could be identified using a reference data...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Asthma remains an important disease worldwide, causing high burden to patients and healthcare systems and presenting a need for better management and ultimately prevention and cure. Asthma is a very heterogeneous condition, with many different pathophysiological processes. Better measurement of those pathophysiological processes are needed to better phenotype disease, and to go beyond the current, highly limited measurements that are currently used: spirometry and symptoms. Sophisticated three-dimensional lung imaging using computed tomography and ventilation imaging (single photon emission computed tomography and positron...
Source: European Respiratory Review - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Lung imaging, Asthma and allergy Dismantling Airway Disease Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: TGlittre-P reference equations were developed for females and males, with age being the most influential predictive variable in the test performed by children. PMID: 30992402 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Respiratory Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Respir Care Source Type: research
Objective measures of lung function are important in the diagnosis and management of asthma. Spirometry, the pulmonary function test most widely used in asthma, requires respiratory maneuvers that may be difficult for preschoolers. Impulse oscillometry (IOS) is a noninvasive method of measuring lung function during tidal breathing; hence, IOS is an ideal test for use in preschool asthma. Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) levels correspond to eosinophilic inflammation and predict responsiveness to corticosteroids. Basic concepts of IOS, methodology, and interpretation, including available normative values, and recent f...
Source: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionWhile most PCPs and respiratory/allergy specialists can reach a working diagnosis of ACO, there remains uncertainty around which diagnostic features are most important and what constitutes optimal management. It is imperative that clinical studies including patients with ACO are initiated, allowing the generation of evidence ‐based management strategies.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
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