Long-term exposure to air pollution and stroke incidence: A Danish Nurse cohort study.
dersen ZJ Abstract Ambient air pollution has been linked to stroke, but few studies have examined in detail stroke subtypes and confounding by road traffic noise, which was recently associated with stroke. Here we examined the association between long-term exposure to air pollution and incidence of stroke (overall, ischemic, hemorrhagic), adjusting for road traffic noise. In a nationwide Danish Nurse Cohort consisting of 23,423 nurses, recruited in 1993 or 1999, we identified 1,078 incident cases of stroke (944 ischemic and 134 hemorrhagic) up to December 31, 2014, defined as first-ever hospital contact. The full ...
Source: Environment International - June 24, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Amini H, Dehlendorff C, Lim YH, Mehta A, Jørgensen JT, Mortensen LH, Westendorp R, Hoffmann B, Loft S, Cole-Hunter T, Bräuner EV, Ketzel M, Hertel O, Brandt J, Solvang Jensen S, Christensen JH, Geels C, Frohn LM, Backalarz C, Simonsen MK, Andersen ZJ Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Early life exposure to green space and insulin resistance: An assessment from infancy to early adolescence.
CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to green space at early life sensitive time periods was not associated with HOMA-IR in youth. Early-life longitudinal studies across diverse populations are needed to confirm or refute our results. PMID: 32593049 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environment International)
Source: Environment International - June 24, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jimenez MP, Oken E, Gold DR, Luttmann-Gibson H, Requia WJ, Rifas-Shiman SL, Gingras V, Hivert MF, Rimm EB, James P Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Social isolation and vulnerability to heatwave-related mortality in the urban elderly population: A time-series multi-community study in Korea.
Abstract Although several studies have reported that social isolation is one of the important health risk factors in the elderly population living in urban areas, its effects on vulnerability to heatwaves have been studied relatively less than climatic and other socio-economic factors. Thus, we investigated the association between social isolation levels and heatwave-related mortality risk in the elderly population in 119 urban administrative districts in Korea, using a time-series multi-city dataset (2008-2017). We used a two-stage analysis. In the first stage, we estimated the heatwave-related mortality risk in ...
Source: Environment International - June 24, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kim YO, Lee W, Kim H, Cho Y Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Grouping of endocrine disrupting chemicals for mixture risk assessment - Evidence from a rat study.
Abstract Exposure to mixtures of endocrine disrupting chemicals may contribute to the rising incidence of hormone-related diseases in humans. Real-life mixtures are complex, comprised of chemicals with mixed modes of action, and essential knowledge is often lacking on how to group such chemicals into cumulative assessment groups, which is an essential prerequisite to conduct a chemical mixture risk assessment. We investigated if mixtures of chemicals with diverse endocrine modes of action can cause mixture effects on hormone sensitive endpoints in developing and adult rat offspring after perinatal exposure. Wistar...
Source: Environment International - June 24, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Christiansen S, Axelstad M, Scholze M, Johansson HKL, Hass U, Mandrup K, Frandsen HL, Frederiksen H, Isling LK, Boberg J Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

A novel chitosan-vanadium-titanium-magnetite composite as a superior adsorbent for organic dyes in wastewater.
Abstract In this research, a novel chitosan (CS)-vanadium-titanium-magnetite (VTM) composite was designed and synthesized. The interaction between CS-VTM and Congo red (CR) dye conformed to a pseudo-second-order model to support the potent involvement of chemisorption. The effects of adsorbent dosage, reaction temperature, and initial solution pH on adsorption of CR were investigated. Approximately 99.1% of CR (100 mg/L) was adsorbed at a CS-VTM dose of 2.0 g/L or above, while such a reaction was favored at temperatures of 65 °C and pH of 6.0. Thermodynamically, the adsorption of CR proceeded sp...
Source: Environment International - June 23, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zhang W, Lan Y, Ma M, Chai S, Zuo Q, Kim KH, Gao Y Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Long-term exposure to ambient source-specific particulate matter and its components and incidence of cardiovascular events - The Heinz Nixdorf Recall study.
CONCLUSION: Traffic-specific PM exhibited stronger effects than total and industry-specific PM on risk of stroke. Among components, NH4 and SO4 showed higher effects. No effect was observed for PM and CHD. PMID: 32590280 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environment International)
Source: Environment International - June 23, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Rodins V, Lucht S, Ohlwein S, Hennig F, Soppa V, Erbel R, Jöckel KH, Weimar C, Hermann DM, Schramm S, Moebus S, Slomiany U, Hoffmann B Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Body mass, mercury exposure, biochemistry and untargeted metabolomics of incubating common eiders (Somateria mollissima) in three Baltic colonies.
Rigét FF, Dietz R, Sonne C Abstract The Baltic/Wadden Sea Flyway of common eiders has declined over the past three decades. Multiple factors such as contaminant exposure, global warming, hunting, white-tailed eagle predation, decreased agricultural eutrophication and infectious diseases have been suggested to explain the decline. We collected information on body mass, mercury (Hg) concentration, biochemistry and untargeted metabolomics of incubating birds in two colonies in the Danish Straits (Hov Røn, n = 100; Agersø, n = 29) and in one colony in the Baltic proper (Christ...
Source: Environment International - June 23, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ma NL, Hansen M, Roland Therkildsen O, Kjær Christensen T, Skjold Tjørnløv R, Garbus SE, Lyngs P, Peng W, Lam SS, Kirstine Havnsøe Krogh A, Andersen-Ranberg E, Søndergaard J, Rigét FF, Dietz R, Sonne C Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Blood partitioning and whole-blood-based maternal transfer assessment of chlorinated paraffins in mother-infant pairs from South China.
In this study, 32 pairs of maternal blood, cord blood, and placenta samples were collected from pregnant women in South China, and the blood was further separated into plasma and red blood cells (RBCs) for blood partitioning study. Short- and medium-chain CPs (SCCPs and MCCPs, respectively) were detected in all the five human biological matrices, suggesting prevalent exposure and maternal transfer of CPs in the pregnant women. Discrepant congener group profiles of CPs were observed in different human biological matrices. Significant differences in the plasma-RBC partitioning of CPs in the maternal and cord bloods were identified (p 
Source: Environment International - June 23, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Chen H, Zhou W, Lam JCW, Ge J, Li J, Zeng L Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Quantile regression analysis of the socioeconomic inequalities in air pollution and birth weight.
This study examined the relationship using the data from a Korean birth cohort. METHODS: Data for singleton births in Seoul from 2007 to 2017 (n = 1739) were analyzed. Maternal exposures to particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter
Source: Environment International - June 23, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Lamichhane DK, Lee SY, Ahn K, Kim KW, Shin YH, Suh DI, Hong SJ, Kim HC Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Short-term exposure to particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and ozone (O3) and all-cause and cause-specific mortality: Systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: This study found evidence of a positive association between short-term exposure to PM10, PM2.5, NO2, and O3 and all-cause mortality, and between PM10 and PM2.5 and cardiovascular, respiratory and cerebrovascular mortality. These results were robust through several sensitivity analyses. In general, the level of evidence was high, meaning that we can be confident in the associations found in this study. PMID: 32590284 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environment International)
Source: Environment International - June 23, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Orellano P, Reynoso J, Quaranta N, Bardach A, Ciapponi A Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Mitochondrial alterations triggered by repeated exposure to fine (PM2.5-0.18) and quasi-ultrafine (PM0.18) fractions of ambient particulate matter.
ccedil;on G Abstract Nowadays ambient particulate matter (PM) levels still regularly exceed the guideline values established by World Health Organization in most urban areas. Numerous experimental studies have already demonstrated the airway toxicity of the fine fraction of PM (FP), mainly triggered by oxidative stress-induced airway inflammation. However, only few studies have actually paid close attention to the ultrafine fraction of PM (UFP), which is likely to be more easily internalized in cells and more biologically reactive. Mitochondria are major endogenous sources of reactive oxygen species (ROS) through ...
Source: Environment International - June 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sotty J, Kluza J, De Sousa C, Tardivel M, Anthérieu S, Alleman LY, Canivet L, Perdrix E, Loyens A, Marchetti P, Lo Guidice JM, Garçon G Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Superior nitrogen-doped activated carbon materials for water cleaning and energy storing prepared from renewable leather wastes.
Abstract The fabrication of nitrogen-doped activated carbons (N-ACs) from leather solid wastes (LSW), a huge underutilized bioresource, by different activation methods was investigated. N-AC prepared by KOH activation (named KNAC) exhibited superior physical and chemical properties with much higher BET surface area (2247 m2 g-1) and more abundant hierarchical micropores than those activated by nano-CaCO3 (CNAC) or by direct carbonization (NNAC). KOH activation decreased the total nitrogen content in KNAC, but it increased the ratio of surface nitrogen species. KOH activation also significantly promoted the convers...
Source: Environment International - June 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Han W, Wang H, Xia K, Chen S, Yan P, Deng T, Zhu W Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Ambient temperature and the risk of preterm birth: A national birth cohort study in the mainland China.
CONCLUSION: These findings provide new evidence that exposure to relatively low or high temperatures during pregnancy increases the risk of preterm birth, which can serve as scientific evidence for prevention of preterm birth. PMID: 32585501 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environment International)
Source: Environment International - June 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Wang YY, Li Q, Guo Y, Zhou H, Wang QM, Shen HP, Zhang YP, Yan DH, Li S, Chen G, Zhou S, He Y, Yang Y, Peng ZQ, Wang HJ, Ma X Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Prenatal and postnatal exposures to ambient air pollutants associated with allergies and airway diseases in childhood: A retrospective observational study.
Abstract It's inconsistent about associations of early exposures to outdoor air pollutants with allergies and airway diseases in childhood. Here, we investigated associations of prenatal and postnatal exposures to outdoor nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulphur dioxide (SO2), and PM10 (particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter ≤ 10 μm) with asthma, wheeze, hay fever, rhinitis, pneumonia, and eczema in childhood. We surveyed 3,177 preschoolers who never change residences since birth in Shanghai, China. Parents reported information regarding children's health status. Daily-averaged concentrations ...
Source: Environment International - June 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Liu W, Huang C, Cai J, Fu Q, Zou Z, Sun C, Zhang J Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Association of bone mineral density with nine urinary personal care and consumer product chemicals and metabolites: A national-representative, population-based study.
In conclusion, certain urinary personal care and consumer product chemicals and metabolites were significantly associated with BMD or osteopenia + osteoporosis. These results further indicate that, in future research, determination of the causal relationships and detection of undelying mechanism could be next important directions. PMID: 32585503 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environment International)
Source: Environment International - June 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Wang N, Wang Y, Zhang H, Guo Y, Chen C, Zhang W, Wan H, Han J, Lu Y Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Plant litter enhances degradation of the herbicide MCPA and increases formation of biogenic non-extractable residues in soil.
Abstract Amendment of soils with plant residues is common practice for improving soil quality. In addition to stimulated microbial activity, the supply of fresh soluble organic (C) from litter may accelerate the microbial degradation of chemicals in soils. Therefore, the aim of this study was to test whether the maize litter enhances degradation of 4-chloro-2-methylphenoxyacetic acid (MCPA) and increases formation of non-toxic biogenic non-extractable residues (bioNERs). Soil was amended with 13C6-MCPA and incubated with or without litter addition on the top. Three soil layers were sampled with increasing distance...
Source: Environment International - June 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Nowak KM, Miltner A, Poll C, Kandeler E, Streck T, Pagel H Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of avian influenza in Baltic common eiders (Somateria mollissima) and pink-footed geese (Anser brachyrhynchus).
EU, Sonne C Abstract Blood plasma was collected during 2016-2018 from healthy incubating eiders (Somateria molissima, n = 183) in three Danish colonies, and healthy migrating pink-footed geese (Anser brachyrhynchus, n = 427) at their spring roost in Central Norway (Svalbard breeding population) and their novel flyway through the Finnish Baltic Sea (Russian breeding population). These species and flyways altogether represent terrestrial, brackish and marine ecosystems spanning from the Western to the Eastern and Northern part of the Baltic Sea. Plasma of these species was analysed for seropreval...
Source: Environment International - June 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Lam SS, Tjørnløv RS, Therkildsen OR, Christensen TK, Madsen J, Daugaard-Petersen T, Ortiz JMC, Peng W, Charbonneaux M, Rivas EI, Garbus SE, Lyngs P, Siebert U, Dietz R, Maier-Sam K, Lierz M, Tombre IM, Andersen-Ranberg EU, Sonne C Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Lead isotopic signatures in blood from incubating common eiders (Somateria mollissima) in the central Baltic Sea.
je Å Abstract The Christiansø colony of common eiders (Somateria mollissima) in the central Baltic Sea were exposed to high levels of Pb during the 2018 breeding season that were not present in 2017. Due to these high Pb blood levels, the present study investigated possible Pb sources and Pb dynamics within this vulnerable colony. We analyzed body mass and lead isotopic ratios (Pb-IRs) in blood taken from the same incubating eiders at the early (day 4) and late (day 24) stages of incubation during the 2018 breeding season (n = 23). Pb-IRs 208/207, 208/206, 206/207, and 207/206 were analyzed ...
Source: Environment International - June 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: McPartland M, Garbus SE, Lierhagen S, Sonne C, Krøkje Å Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Indoor air filtration could lead to increased airborne endotoxin levels.
Abstract Stand-alone portable air purifiers (APs) have become an increasingly popular method of controlling individual inhalation exposure. Exposure to bacterial endotoxins has a causative role in respiratory inhalation health. Here, we studied the changes in endotoxin levels in indoor air before and after purification by a portable AP equipped with HEPA (high-efficiency particulate air) filters. An increase in endotoxins was observed when a previously used AP was turned on to clean the air. Replacing the HEPA filters in the AP helped to mitigate the increase in endotoxins of larger sizes but not endotoxins of sma...
Source: Environment International - June 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Niu M, Shen F, Zhou F, Zhu T, Zheng Y, Yang Y, Sun Y, Li X, Wu Y, Fu P, Tao S Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

A case-control study of perfluoroalkyl substances and the risk of breast cancer in Taiwanese women.
In conclusion, we found that PFAS were associated with the BC risk of ER positive tumors in young Taiwanese women. Further studies are needed to follow and explore whether these associations are causal. PMID: 32580117 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environment International)
Source: Environment International - June 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tsai MS, Chang SH, Kuo WH, Kuo CH, Li SY, Wang MY, Chang DY, Lu YS, Huang CS, Cheng AL, Lin CH, Chen PC Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

A broad range of organophosphate tri- and di-esters in house dust from Adelaide, South Australia: Concentrations, compositions, and human exposure risks.
This study aimed to investigate the occurrences of a suite of thirty-one organophosphate tri-esters (tri-OPEs) and six di-esters (di-OPEs) in house dust collected from Adelaide, South Australia. The results demonstrate ubiquitous presence of most OPEs in Adelaide house dust, with median concentration of 40,200 and 5260 ng/g dry weight for ∑tri-OPEs and ∑di-OPEs, respectively. A number of emerging OPEs with chemical structures resembling that of triphenyl phosphate (TPHP), including bisphenol A bis(diphenyl phosphate) (BPA-BDPP), cresyl diphenyl phosphate (CDP), isodecyl diphenyl phosphate (IDDPP), resorcinol-b...
Source: Environment International - June 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Huang Y, Tan H, Li L, Yang L, Sun F, Li J, Gong X, Chen D Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Ozone pretreatment of wastewater containing aromatics reduces antibiotic resistance genes in bioreactors: The example of p-aminophenol.
Abstract Aromatic matters are widely present in wastewater, especially industrial wastewater, and may lead to a high abundance of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in wastewater treatment bioreactors and stimulate horizontal transfers of ARGs. Here, we investigated a practical approach that applying ozone pretreatment to mitigate ARGs in bioreactors treating wastewater containing a typical aromatic pollutant, p-aminophenol (PAP). The results showed that ozone pretreatment could effectively reduce the aromaticity of wastewater, and the relative abundance of ARGs in the bioreactor fed with ozone treated wastewater ...
Source: Environment International - June 18, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Xia J, Sun H, Ma X, Huang K, Ye L Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Human dietary and internal exposure to zearalenone based on a 24-hour duplicate diet and following morning urine study.
This study aimed to characterize the exposure of ZEN in a Chinese population during harvest season in 2016. Exposure to ZEN was measured using both duplicate diet method and human biomonitoring approaches. Duplicate diet samples from 199 individuals (4-80 years old) and their following morning urine samples were collected and analyzed using LC-MS/MS methods sensitive for ZEN, ZAN, α/β-ZEL and α/β-ZAL. ZEN was detected in 59.8% of the food samples at a mean level of 1.21 ± 2.15 μg/kg. The estimated daily intake (EDI) of ZEN was calculated from food contamination and consum...
Source: Environment International - June 18, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zhang S, Zhou S, Gong YY, Zhao Y, Wu Y Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

A novel use of the leukocyte coping capacity assay to assess the immunomodulatory effects of organohalogenated contaminants in avian wildlife.
on S Abstract Apex predators are characterized by high levels of biomagnifying organohalogenated contaminants (OHCs) which have been found to induce detrimental health effects in wildlife, such as immune system impairment. The leukocyte coping capacity (LCC) assay is a functional real-time measure of an innate immune response essential in pathogen resistance, known as the respiratory burst. The current study suggests the novel use of this tool to test whether OHCs impair the innate immune system of a sentinel top predator, the white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla; WTE). The LCC analysis was performed in the fi...
Source: Environment International - June 18, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Hansen E, Huber N, Bustnes JO, Herzke D, Bårdsen BJ, Eulaers I, Johnsen TV, Bourgeon S Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Biotransport of persistent organic pollutants in the southern Hemisphere by invasive Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) in the rivers of northern Chilean Patagonia, a UNESCO biosphere reserve.
The objective of this study was to determine whether persistent organic pollutants are transported by the invasive Pacific Chinook salmon (O. tshawytscha) from the Pacific Ocean to Chilean Patagonia. Samples of juvenile and adult Chinook salmon were analyzed for polychlorinated biphenyls, pesticides and polybrominated diphenyl ethers. The results revealed that concentrations of POPs in adults migrating into Patagonian rivers were significantly higher than those found in juveniles migrating seaward. A mass balance analysis indicates that Chinook salmon are a source of persistent organic pollutants to Chilean Patagonia inlan...
Source: Environment International - June 17, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Montory M, Habit E, Fernandez P, Grimalt JO, Kolok AS, Barra RO, Ferrer J Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Systematic dose-response of environmental epidemiologic studies: Dose and response pre-analysis.
Abstract Meta-analysis approaches can be used to assess the human risks due to exposure to environmental chemicals when there are numerous high-quality epidemiologic studies of priority outcomes in a database. However, methodological issues related to how different studies report effect measures and incorporate exposure into their analyses arise that complicate the pooled analysis of multiple studies. As such, there are "pre-analysis" steps that are often necessary to prepare summary data reported in epidemiologic studies for dose-response analysis. This paper uses epidemiologic studies of arsenic-induce...
Source: Environment International - June 17, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Allen B, Shao K, Hobbie K, Mendez W, Lee JS, Cote I, Druwe I, Gift J, Davis JA Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Long-term exposure to low 17 α-ethinylestradiol (EE2) concentrations disrupts both the reproductive and the immune system of juvenile rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss.
Long-term exposure to low 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2) concentrations disrupts both the reproductive and the immune system of juvenile rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. Environ Int. 2020 Jun 17;142:105836 Authors: Rehberger K, Wernicke von Siebenthal E, Bailey C, Bregy P, Fasel M, Herzog EL, Neumann S, Schmidt-Posthaus H, Segner H Abstract Estrogenic endocrine disrupting compounds (EEDCs), such as ethinylestradiol (EE2), are well studied for their impact on the reproductive system of fish. EEDCs may also impact the immune system and, as a consequence, the disease susceptibility of fish. It is cu...
Source: Environment International - June 17, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Rehberger K, Wernicke von Siebenthal E, Bailey C, Bregy P, Fasel M, Herzog EL, Neumann S, Schmidt-Posthaus H, Segner H Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Longitudinal assessment of mycotoxin co-exposures in exclusively breastfed infants.
Abstract Early-life development of infants may be critically affected by man-made or natural contaminants including mycotoxins. However, data on the occurrence of food contaminants in breast milk is scarce and prohibits a comprehensive exposure and risk assessment for mothers and their infants. Here, we present a longitudinal exposure assessment over the first 211 days of a single newborn girl (studyA) by measuring multiple mycotoxins in milk. Eighty-seven consecutive breast milk samples were obtained from the newborn's mother living in Austria and following a regular mixed diet. Mycotoxins were analyzed by u...
Source: Environment International - June 17, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Braun D, Schernhammer E, Marko D, Warth B Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Resource recovery from wastewater can be an application niche of microbial desalination cells.
Abstract Microbial desalination cells (MDCs) have been studied as an emerging technology to accomplish simultaneous wastewater treatment and saline water desalination. A good amount of effort has been invested to understand fundamental problems and develop functional systems of the MDC technology. However, a revisit of MDCs' desalination function reveals that the unique requirements like co-location of wastewater and saline water will greatly limit the application of this technology. In addition, the relatively low desalination rate of MDCs will result in a large reactor size and thus higher capital cost. Because ...
Source: Environment International - June 16, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Liu F, Moustafa H, El-Din Hassouna MS, He Z Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Behavioral impairments in infant and adult mouse offspring exposed to 2,3,7,8-tetrabromodibenzofuran in utero and via lactation.
Abstract Polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PBDD/DFs) have been unintentionally produced and emitted from the lifecycle of products containing brominated flame retardants, such as polybrominated diphenyl ether, which is suspected to cause developmental neurotoxicity (DNT). Although it is plausible that PBDD/DFs can also induce DNT, information regarding their neurotoxic potential is currently limited. Hence, in the present study, we examined the effects of in utero and lactational exposure to brominated dibenzofurans on infant and adult offspring behavior to understand the mechanism of PBDD/DFs to...
Source: Environment International - June 16, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kimura E, Suzuki G, Uramaru N, Endo T, Maekawa F Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Term birthweight and critical windows of prenatal exposure to average meteorological conditions and meteorological variability.
DISCUSSION: Weekly temperature variability and mean humidity during critical exposure windows were associated with decreased term birthweight, especially in boys. PMID: 32559561 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environment International)
Source: Environment International - June 16, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jakpor O, Chevrier C, Kloog I, Benmerad M, Giorgis-Allemand L, Cordier S, Seyve E, Vicedo-Cabrera AM, Slama R, Heude B, Schwartz J, Lepeule J Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Estimated whole-brain and lobe-specific radiofrequency electromagnetic fields doses and brain volumes in preadolescents.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that estimated whole-brain and lobe-specific RF-EMF doses were not related to brain volumes in preadolescents at 9-12 years old. Screen activities with mobile communication devices while wirelessly connected to the internet lead to low RF-EMF dose to the brain and our observed association may thus rather reflect effects of social or individual factors related to these specific uses of mobile communication devices. However, we cannot discard residual confounding, chance finding, or reverse causality. Further studies on mobile communication devices and their potential negative associatio...
Source: Environment International - June 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Cabré-Riera A, Marroun HE, Muetzel R, van Wel L, Liorni I, Thielens A, Birks LE, Pierotti L, Huss A, Joseph W, Wiart J, Capstick M, Hillegers M, Vermeulen R, Cardis E, Vrijheid M, White T, Röösli M, Tiemeier H, Guxens M Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Removal of pathogens by ultrafiltration from sea water.
In this study, two pathogens were targeted, a bacterium, Vibrio aestuarianus and a virus, OsHV-1, with the objective to produce high quality water from seawater, in the case of shellfish productions. The retention of those microorganisms by ultrafiltration was evaluated at labscale. In the case of OsHV-1, the protection of oysters was validated by in vivo experiments using oysters spat and larvae, both stages being highly susceptible to the virus. The oysters raised using contaminated seawater which was then subsequently treated by ultrafiltration, had similar mortality to the negative controls. In the case of V. aestuaria...
Source: Environment International - June 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Cordier C, Stavrakakis C, Morga B, Degrémont L, Voulgaris A, Bacchi A, Sauvade P, Coelho F, Moulin P Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Nonlinear temperature-suicide association in Japan from 1972 to 2015: Its heterogeneity and the role of climate, demographic, and socioeconomic factors.
Abstract It has been reported that suicide is associated with ambient temperature; however, the heterogeneity in this association and its underlying factors have not been extensively investigated. Therefore, we investigated the spatial and temporal variation in the temperature-suicide association and examined climatic, demographic, and socioeconomic factors that may underlie such heterogeneity. We analyzed the daily time-series data for the suicide counts and ambient temperature, which were collected for the 47 prefectures of Japan from 1972 to 2015, using a two-stage analysis. In the first stage, the prefecture-s...
Source: Environment International - June 13, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sim K, Kim Y, Hashizume M, Gasparrini A, Armstrong B, Sera F, Ng CFS, Honda Y, Chung Y Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Changes in gut bacterial communities and the incidence of antibiotic resistance genes during degradation of antibiotics by black soldier fly larvae.
Abstract As a saprophytic insect, the black soldier fly can digest organic waste efficiently in an environmentally friendly way. However, the ability and efficiency of this insect, and the microbial mechanisms involved, in the degradation of antibiotics are largely uncharacterized. To obtain further details during the degradation of OTC (oxytetracycline) by black soldier fly larvae (larvae), the changes in intestinal bacterial communities were examined. Both ARGs (antibiotic resistance genes) and MGEs (mobile genetic elements) were found within the larval guts. At the end of the degradation period, 82.7%, 77.6% an...
Source: Environment International - June 12, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Liu C, Yao H, Chapman SJ, Su J, Wang C Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Nano-enabled improvements of growth and nutritional quality in food plants driven by rhizosphere processes.
Abstract With the rising global population growth and limitation of traditional agricultural technology, global crop production could not provide enough nutrients to assure adequate intake for all people. Nano-fertilizers and nano-pesticides have 20-30% higher efficacy than conventional products, which offer an effective solution to the above-mentioned problem. Rhizosphere is where plant roots, soil, and soil biota interact, and is the portal of nutrients transporting from soil into plants. The rhizosphere processes could modify the bioavailability of all nutrients and nanomaterials (NMs) before entering the food ...
Source: Environment International - June 12, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Wang Z, Yue L, Dhankher OP, Xing B Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Discovery of firefighter chemical exposures using military-style silicone dog tags.
This study presents the military-style dog tag as a new configuration of silicone passive sampling device to sample individual firefighters' exposures at one high and one low fire call volume department in the Kansas City, Missouri metropolitan area. The recruited firefighters (n = 56) wore separate dog tags to assess on- and off-duty exposures (ndogtags = 110), for a total of 30 24 h shifts. Using a 63 PAH method (GC-MS/MS), the tags detected 45 unique PAHs, of which 18 have not been previously reported as firefighting exposures. PAH concentrations were higher for on- compared to off-duty tags (0.25 
Source: Environment International - June 7, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Poutasse CM, Poston WSC, Jahnke SA, Haddock CK, Tidwell LG, Hoffman PD, Anderson KA Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Spatiotemporal distributions of surface ozone levels in China from 2005 to 2017: A machine learning approach.
In this study, we used daily maximum 8-hour average (MDA8) ozone observations from 2013 to 2017 combined with concurrent ozone retrievals, aerosol reanalysis, meteorological parameters, and land-use data to establish a nationwide MDA8 prediction model based on the eXtreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost) algorithm. The model achieves high prediction accuracy compared with other studies, with R2 values for the by-year, site-based, and sample-based cross-validation (CV) schemes of 0.61, 0.64, and 0.78, respectively, at the daily level. External testing with regional measurements from 2005 to 2012 and nationwide data in 2018 have ...
Source: Environment International - June 7, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Liu R, Ma Z, Liu Y, Shao Y, Zhao W, Bi J Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Predicting the emission characteristics of VOCs in a simulated vehicle cabin environment based on small-scale chamber tests: Parameter determination and validation.
Abstract Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted from vehicle parts and interior materials can seriously affect in-cabin air quality. Prior studies mainly focused on indoor material emissions, while studies of emissions in-cabins were relatively scarce. The emission behaviors of VOCs from vehicle cabin materials can be characterized by three key emission parameters: the initial emittable concentration (C0), diffusion coefficient (Dm), and partition coefficient (K). Based on a C-history method, we have performed a series of tests with a 30 L small-scale chamber to determine these three key emission parameters for...
Source: Environment International - June 7, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Wang H, Zheng J, Yang T, He Z, Zhang P, Liu X, Zhang M, Sun L, Yu X, Zhao J, Liu X, Xu B, Tong L, Xiong J Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Urban policy interventions to reduce traffic emissions and traffic-related air pollution: Protocol for a systematic evidence map.
CONCLUSION: This protocol serves to increase transparency of the SEM methods and provides an example for researchers pursuing future SEMs. PMID: 32505921 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environment International)
Source: Environment International - June 4, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sanchez KA, Foster M, Nieuwenhuijsen MJ, May AD, Ramani T, Zietsman J, Khreis H Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

The effect of exposure to long working hours on ischaemic heart disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis from the WHO/ILO Joint Estimates of the Work-related Burden of Disease and Injury.
rist J Abstract BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Labour Organization (ILO) are developing Joint Estimates of the work-related burden of disease and injury (WHO/ILO Joint Estimates), with contributions from a large network of experts. Evidence from mechanistic data suggests that exposure to long working hours may cause ischaemic heart disease (IHD). In this paper, we present a systematic review and meta-analysis of parameters for estimating the number of deaths and disability-adjusted life years from IHD that are attributable to exposure to long working hours, for the developmen...
Source: Environment International - June 3, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Li J, Pega F, Ujita Y, Brisson C, Clays E, Descatha A, Ferrario MM, Godderis L, Iavicoli S, Landsbergis PA, Metzendorf MI, Morgan RL, Pachito DV, Pikhart H, Richter B, Roncaioli M, Rugulies R, Schnall PL, Sembajwe G, Trudel X, Tsutsumi A, Woodruff TJ, Sie Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

The effect of exposure to long working hours on stroke: A systematic review and meta-analysis from the WHO/ILO Joint Estimates of the Work-related Burden of Disease and Injury.
outeden M, Siegrist J, Tsutsumi A, Iavicoli S Abstract BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Labour Organization (ILO) are developing joint estimates of the work-related burden of disease and injury (WHO/ILO Joint Estimates), with contributions from a large network of individual experts. Evidence from mechanistic data and prior studies suggests that exposure to long working hours may cause stroke. In this paper, we present a systematic review and meta-analysis of parameters for estimating the number of deaths and disability-adjusted life years from stroke that are attributable to ex...
Source: Environment International - June 3, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Descatha A, Sembajwe G, Pega F, Ujita Y, Baer M, Boccuni F, Di Tecco C, Duret C, Evanoff BA, Gagliardi D, Godderis L, Kang SK, Kim BJ, Li J, Magnusson Hanson LL, Marinaccio A, Ozguler A, Pachito D, Pell J, Pico F, Ronchetti M, Roquelaure Y, Rugulies R, Sc Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Associations between green space and preterm birth: Windows of susceptibility and interaction with air pollution.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Recent studies have reported inconsistent associations between maternal residential green space and preterm birth (PTB, born 
Source: Environment International - June 3, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sun Y, Sheridan P, Laurent O, Li J, Sacks DA, Fischer H, Qiu Y, Jiang Y, Yim IS, Jiang LH, Molitor J, Chen JC, Benmarhnia T, Lawrence JM, Wu J Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Black carbon dominates the aerosol absorption over the Indo-Gangetic Plain and the Himalayan foothills.
This study, based on new and high quality in situ observations, quantifies for the first time, the individual contributions of light-absorbing aerosols (black carbon (BC), brown carbon (BrC) and dust) to aerosol absorption over the Indo-Gangetic Plain (IGP) and the Himalayan foothill region, a relatively poorly studied region with several sensitive ecosystems of global importance, as well as highly vulnerable populations. The annual and seasonal average single scattering albedo (SSA) over Kathmandu is the lowest of all the locations. The SSA over Kathmandu is 
Source: Environment International - June 3, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ramachandran S, Rupakheti M, Lawrence MG Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Using interactive data visualization to facilitate user selection and comparison of risk of bias tools for observational studies of exposures.
PMID: 32505018 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environment International)
Source: Environment International - June 3, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Taylor KW, Wang Z, Walker VR, Rooney AA, Bero LA Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

A validated search filter for the identification of endocrine disruptors based on the ECHA/EFSA guidance recommendations.
In this study, a search filter for targeted literature search in context of assessing if a substance can be identified as an ED relevant for human health was developed and validated. Development of the search filter was based on the search strategy presented in the ECHA/EFSA guidance and using the estrogenic chemical Bisphenol AF (BPAF) as a model substance. Information specialists from two independent institutions developed refined search filters based on the suggested original search strategy published (ECHA/EFSA guidance - Appendix F). Articles identified by a systematic literature search for BPAF were screened for rele...
Source: Environment International - June 2, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Escrivá L, Hessel E, Gustafsson S, van Spronsen R, Svanberg M, Beronius A Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Levels and inhalation health risk of neonicotinoid insecticides in fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in urban and rural areas of China.
Abstract Neonicotinoid insecticide (NEO) concentrations in ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and daily exposure via inhalation were investigated during spring and fall in an urban area in Beijing and in urban and rural areas of Zhengzhou, Henan Province, China. Four NEOs, including imidacloprid, acetamiprid, thiamethoxam and clothianidin, were assessed using a QuEChERS (quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, safe) extraction procedure coupled to liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Of 64 PM2.5 samples, 100% contained at least two NEOs (imidacloprid and acetamiprid). Imidacloprid was detected at th...
Source: Environment International - June 1, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zhou Y, Guo J, Wang Z, Zhang B, Sun Z, Yun X, Zhang J Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

The moving of high emission for biomass burning in China: View from multi-year emission estimation and human-driven forces.
Abstract Biomass burning (BB) has significant impacts on air quality, climate and human health. In China, the BB emission has changed substantially over the past decades while the multi-year variation held high uncertainty and the driving forces have addressed little attention. Here, this research aimed to conduct a comprehensive and systematic analysis of BB variation in China and provided precise and targeted BB emission reduction suggestions. The moving of high emission for BB from 2003 to 2014 was clearly identified, by the view of reliable emission estimation and anthropogenic impacts. Multiple satellite prod...
Source: Environment International - June 1, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Wu J, Kong S, Wu F, Cheng Y, Zheng S, Qin S, Liu X, Yan Q, Zheng H, Zheng M, Yan Y, Liu D, Ding S, Zhao D, Shen G, Zhao T, Qi S Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Tropical cyclones and risk of preterm birth: A retrospective analysis of 20 million births across 378 US counties.
CONCLUSIONS: Maternal exposure to TC was associated with a higher risk of preterm birth. Our findings provide initial evidence that severe storms may trigger preterm birth. PMID: 32485474 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environment International)
Source: Environment International - May 30, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sun S, Weinberger KR, Yan M, Brooke Anderson G, Wellenius GA Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Physical activity attenuated association of air pollution with estimated 10-year atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk in a large rural Chinese adult population: A cross-sectional study.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Although long-term exposure to air pollution and physical inactivity are linked to increased risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (ASCVD), however, the interactive effect of air pollution and physical activity (PA) on high 10-year ASCVD risk is largely unknown. METHODS: A total of 31,162 individuals aged 35-74 years were derived from the Henan Rural Cohort Study, after individuals with personal histories of ASCVD or missing data on predictors of high 10-year ASCVD risk were excluded. Concentrations of air pollutants (nitrogen dioxide (NO2), particulate matter with an aero...
Source: Environment International - May 29, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tu R, Hou J, Liu X, Li R, Dong X, Pan M, Mao Z, Huo W, Chen G, Guo Y, Li S, Wang C Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research