Checkpoint inhibitors in ovarian cancer: A review of preclinical data

Publication date: Available online 18 June 2019Source: Gynecologic Oncology ReportsAuthor(s): David W. Doo, Lyse A. Norian, Rebecca C. ArendAbstractOvarian cancer is the deadliest gynecologic malignancy, and relapse after initial treatment is frequently fatal. Although ovarian cancer typically has an immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment, a strong intratumoral T cell presence is associated with an improved response to chemotherapy and better overall prognosis. Given the success of checkpoint inhibitors in the treatment of other malignancies, there has been an attempt to replicate these results in ovarian cancer clinical trials. Preclincal studies in ovarian cancer have also been conducted over the past decade, and most of the focus has been on the use of programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1). Several other checkpoint inhibitors have also been investigated in various combinations with chemotherapy, oncolytic vaccines, co-stimulatory molecules, poly ADP ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitors, and other checkpoint inhibitors. Unfortunately, these successes have yet to translate to the clinical realm. Whether this is because the drug class is truly ineffective in ovarian cancer, or simply because the research is lacking is unclear. Either way, it is evident that preclinical data on the use of checkpoint inhibitors is woefully deficient in ovarian cancer and more research is urgently needed to inform the translation of immune checkpoint blockade into successful clinical use. In t...
Source: Gynecologic Oncology Reports - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

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In conclusion, it remains unclear if brain-specific regional and temporal changes occur in the expression of the different APP variants during AD progression. Since APP is also found in blood cells, assessing the changes in APP mRNA expression in peripheral blood cells from AD patients has been considering an alternative. However, again the quantification of APP mRNA in peripheral blood cells has generated controversial results. Brain APP protein has been analyzed in only a few studies, probably as it is difficult to interpret the complex pattern of APP variants and fragments. We previously characterized the soluabl...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
ft LE Abstract New treatments are urgently needed in patients with ovarian cancer (OC), as diagnosis is delayed in many instances, resulting in 85% recurrence of the disease following surgery and standard chemotherapy. OC is considered to be an immunological type of cancer, despite its limited response to current immunotherapy options, including vaccination. Thus, additional interventions may improve their efficacy. Dendritic cells (DCs) are the most widely used cellular vaccination therapy in patients with OC due to their crucial role in the initiation and development of immune response. There are viable options ...
Source: Current Opinion in Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Curr Opin Biotechnol Source Type: research
ard I Abstract Ovarian cancers express highly immunogenic tissue-specific antigens. The resulting immune infiltration is a major prognostic factor. There is therefore a strong biological rationale for the development of immunotherapy in ovarian cancer. However, based on Phase I and II clinical trials data, the efficacy of anti-PD-1 and anti-PD-L1 immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICPIs) remains limited in monotherapy in heavily pre-treated patients. Currently, the identification of predictive biomarkers of response and resistance is one of the major areas of research. Identifying effective combination of anti-PD-1 or ...
Source: Bulletin du Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Bull Cancer Source Type: research
RARITAN, N.J., February 3, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson announced today multiple data presentations from a robust solid tumor portfolio that will be featured at the American Society of Clinical Oncology Genitourinary (ASCO GU) Cancers Symposium, taking place February 13-15 in San Francisco. Company-sponsored data presentations will include clinical results for ERLEADA® (apalutamide) and niraparib in prostate cancer; and BALVERSA™ (erdafitinib) in bladder cancer. “We are committed to improving outcomes in patients with prostate and bladder cancer where high unmet ...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news
ONCOS-102, a promising immunotherapy vaccine, is moving closer to becoming a part of future first-line treatment for mesothelioma. Early clinical trial results announced this week show safety and efficacy when the vaccine is used in combination with standard-of-care chemotherapy for patients with inoperable pleural mesothelioma. Targovax, a Scandinavian pharmaceutical company developing the drug, is moving forward with another study combining ONCOS-102 with a checkpoint inhibitor drug such as Keytruda (pembrolizumab) or Opdivo (nivolumab), along with chemotherapy. “We have seen enough data at this point to be going ...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: news
Most ovarian cancer patients are diagnosed at a late stage with 85% of them relapsing after surgery and standard chemotherapy; for this reason, new treatments are urgently needed. Ovarian cancer has become a c...
Source: Journal of Translational Medicine - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Protocol Source Type: research
Condition:   Ovarian Cancer Intervention:   Drug: W_ova1 Vaccine Sponsors:   University Medical Center Groningen;   Biontech RNA Pharmaceuticals GmbH Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
CONCLUSIONS: Vaccine + OPT-821 compared to OPT-821 alone was modestly immunogenic and did not prolong PFS or OS. Multi-remission patients are a viable, well-defined population for exploring innovative consolidation and maintenance approaches. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT00857545. PMID: 31653510 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Gynecologic Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Gynecol Oncol Source Type: research
Hui Zhou, Xiaoyan Fu, Qian Li and Ting Niu* Department of Hematology and Research Laboratory of Hematology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China Background: Immune checkpoint inhibition therapy with monoclonal antibody against programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1), including nivolumab and pembrolizumab, has demonstrated powerful clinical efficacy in the treatment of advanced cancers. However, there is no evidence-based systematic review on the safety and efficacy of anti-PD-1 antibody in treating lymphoma. Methods: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of nivolumab/pembrolizumab, we analyzed clin...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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