Binge eating disorder revisited: what's new, what's different, what's next.

Binge eating disorder revisited: what's new, what's different, what's next. CNS Spectr. 2019 Jun 14;:1-9 Authors: Citrome L Abstract Binge eating disorder (BED) is the most common type of eating disorder. According to the most recent data available, the estimated lifetime prevalence of BED among US adults in the general population is 0.85% (men 0.42% and women 1.25%). Among psychiatric treatment populations, prevalence is several-fold higher. Although many people with BED are obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2), roughly half are not. In the DSM-5, BED is defined by recurrent episodes of binge eating (eating in a discrete period of time, an amount of food larger than most people would eat in a similar amount of time under similar circumstances and a sense of lack of control over eating during the episode), occurring on average at least once a week for 3 months, and associated with marked distress. BED often goes unrecognized and thus untreated; in one study, 344 of 22,387 (1.5%) survey respondents met DSM-5 criteria for BED, but only 11 out of the 344 had ever been diagnosed with BED by a health-care provider. Psychiatric comorbidities are very common, with most adults with BED also experiencing anxiety disorders, mood disorders, impulse control disorders, or substance use disorders, suggesting that clinicians have patients in their practice with unrecognized BED. Multiple neurobiological explanations have been suggested for BED, including dysregulation in reward c...
Source: CNS Spectrums - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: CNS Spectr Source Type: research

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ConclusionsAvoidance coping and depressive symptoms emerged as key variables in understanding recent disordered eating among patients considering bariatric surgery. Pre-surgical psychological evaluations and treatment approaches could be enhanced with consideration of patient coping strategies, particularly avoidant coping responses to stress, independent of psychological distress.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
The objective was to evaluate the effects of interdisciplinary therapy in the neuroendocrine control of food intake, inflammatory markers, and psychological aspects in obese women. Forty-seven obese women (43.32±5.82 years, 34.86±3.08 kg/m2), aged 30–50 years, participated in an interdisciplinary lifestyle change therapy, consisting of nutritional counseling, physical exercises, and psychological therapy for 36 weeks. After the long-term therapy, there was a decrease in body weight (Δ –5.36 kg), BMI (Δ –2.01 kg/m2), abdominal (Δ –9.09 cm), ...
Source: Hormone and Metabolic Research - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Endocrine Care Source Type: research
Authors: Vigna L, Morelli F, Agnelli GM, Napolitano F, Ratto D, Occhinegro A, Di Iorio C, Savino E, Girometta C, Brandalise F, Rossi P Abstract Epidemiological data indicate that subjects affected by obesity have an increased risk of developing mood disorders. The relationship between obesity and mood disorders is bidirectional. We assessed whether a Hericium erinaceus treatment improved depression, anxiety, sleep, and binge eating disorders after 8 weeks of supplementation in subjects affected by overweight or obesity under a low calorie diet regimen. Looking for a possible clinical biomarker, we assessed the seru...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
You happen to be among the two-thirds of Americans with overweight and obesity (defined as a body mass index of 25 or greater), and you are just thrilled to go to your next doctor’s appointment, right? Wrong! Unfortunately, if you have a diagnosis of overweight or obesity, you might find the doctor’s office to be the least inviting place to be. Maybe you find that there are no chairs to accommodate you in the waiting room. When the medical staff takes your blood pressure, you might find that they struggle to find the right size cuff. You might feel as though you are weighed in a disrespectful fashion. Or maybe,...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: This cross-sectional study underlines the co-occurrence of emotional and personality disorders with BED. This points out the importance of a multidisciplinary approach and the relevance of a joint diagnosis of binge eating, emotional disorders, and personality dimensions in obese adolescents, for better prevention and treatment of pediatric obesity. PMID: 30898314 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe purpose of this review was to examine different forms of disordered eating among individuals with excess weight, including their rates, correlates, and psychosocial treatments.Recent FindingsBinge eating/binge eating disorder, loss of control eating, emotional eating, and food addiction are all fairly prevalent among individuals with excess weight. They appear to share many of the same correlates, including broader eating disorder psychopathology, body/shape/weight concerns, depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem. Behavioral, cognitive-behavioral, and third-wave (e.g., acceptance, mindfulness...
Source: Current Obesity Reports - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research
Authors: Amodeo G, Cuomo A, Bolognesi S, Goracci A, Trusso MA, Piccinni A, Neal SM, Baldini I, Federico E, Taddeucci C, Fagiolini A Abstract INTRODUCTION: Binge eating disorder (BED) is the most common eating disorder and was newly recognized in 2013 in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). BED is frequently associated with obesity and the metabolic syndrome, as well as with other psychiatric diseases, such as mood (49%), anxiety (41%), and substance use (22%) disorders. BED is highly prevalent and carries a high burden of mental and physical illness and disability....
Source: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Pharmacother Source Type: research
There is limited evidence of the effectiveness of non ‐surgical interventions for severe obesity. Our aim was to evaluate a group intervention delivered by a National Health Service (NHS) specialist weight management service to contribute to the evidence base and inform the development of future services. Participants in this prospective cohort study were patients attending NHS Grampian Specialist Weight Management Services. The intervention was an interactive 12‐session group programme based on evidence‐based psychological model, with combined dietetic and psychological knowledge and support provided. The primary ou...
Source: Clinical Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Given the established evidence that supports its impact on weight variability, early identification of problematic eating behaviours and of patients with a tendency to act impulsively in situations of negative emotionality should be a central concern in the follow-up of the bariatric population. PMID: 30521456 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Medica Portuguesa - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Med Port Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 September 2018Source: Physiology &BehaviorAuthor(s): Richard K. Babbs, Julia C. Kelliher, Julia L. Scotellaro, Kimberly P. Luttik, Megan K. Mulligan, Camron D. BryantAbstractBinge eating (BE) is a heritable symptom of eating disorders associated with anxiety, depression, malnutrition, and obesity. Genetic analysis of BE could facilitate therapeutic discovery. We used an intermittent, limited access BE paradigm involving sweetened palatable food (PF) to examine genetic differences in BE, conditioned food reward, and compulsive-like eating between C57BL/6J (B6J) and DBA/2J (D2J) inbr...
Source: Physiology and Behavior - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
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