Adjuvant Radiochemotherapy versus Chemotherapy Alone for Gastric Cancer: Implications for Target Definition

The INT0116 trial was a milestone study and laid the foundation for the adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) associated to concurrent chemotherapy (CT) for the treatment of gastric cancer (GC) after gastrectomy. However, it is still controversial whether adding RT to CT could further benefit D2-dissected GC patients. The ARTIST trial indicated that the addition of RT to CT did not have a positive impact on disease-free survival (DFS). Nevertheless, in a subgroup of 396 patients with positive pathological lymph nodes, combined treatment with RT was superior to CT alone. A similar randomized Chinese trial confirmed the superiority of adding RT to CT in terms of DFS for patients with D2 lymphadenectomy. However, several previous randomized studies provided inconsistent results with the benefits of combined treatment of RT and CT. The inconsistent results of several studies may be due to the differences between tumor epidemiology, treatment policies, and treatment outcomes. During the past decade, major progress in accurate target delineation utilizing RT technology has been observed. However, even though the use of adjuvant RT doubled after the INT-0116 trial results became public, the fraction of patients receiving adjuvant RT was still low according to the SEER database. The low rate of adjuvant RT can partially be explained by concern over toxicity while undergoing RT. Several studies have also defined the specific location of locoregional recurrence for postoperative RT in GC, but the...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research

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ConclusionsGastric cancer with peritoneal metastases was successfully treated with a combination of gastrectomy plus intraperitoneal and systemic chemotherapy. Further studies using this simplified approach may be indicated.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Conclusion: MSI status and PD-L1 expression are clinically actionable biomarkers for stratifying patients and predicting benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy after D2 gastrectomy for stage II/III gastric cancer.
Source: Annals of Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
Conclusion: Gastrectomy can be performed safely in elderly patients following gastrectomy, survival of elderly patients was similar to non-elderly patients. Therefore, gastrectomy is an acceptable treatment for elderly patients in good condition.
Source: In Vivo - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Clinical Studies Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe LNR can be used to select the appropriate adjuvant chemotherapy regimen for patients with D2-resected gastric cancer, particularly in stage III.
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Preoperative ALBI shows promise as an indicator associated with the tolerability of adjuvant S-1 monotherapy in patients with pStage II/III GC. PMID: 31245163 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Gastric Cancer - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: J Gastric Cancer Source Type: research
This article reviews the history of surgical EGJ cancer treatment and current surgical strategies from a Western perspective. PMID: 31245158 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Gastric Cancer - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: J Gastric Cancer Source Type: research
Conclusions: Most endoscopic responders showed JCGC histological responses. Evaluation of neoadjuvant chemotherapeutic efficacy by endoscopy in gastric cancer may be useful before gastrectomy. As this was a retrospective study, further investigations are required. The protocol was approved by the ethics review committee at Osaka Medical College (No. 2422) and was registered in the University Hospital Medical Information Network Clinical Trial Registry (UMIN000033088).Digestion
Source: Digestion - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that combination therapy with capecitabine and oxaliplatin as perioperative chemotherapy, followed by D2 gastrectomy, is effective and safe in late-stage, locally advanced gastric cancer. Although enrollment exceeded the 47 patients required to identify an increase in the ORR by 15% (from 40% to 55%), results did not meet the primary endpoint. PMID: 31239311 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Oncologist - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Oncologist Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 June 2019Source: European Journal of Surgical OncologyAuthor(s): Ru-Hong Tu, Jian-Xian Lin, Wei Wang, Ping Li, Jian-Wei Xie, Jia-Bin Wang, Jun Lu, Qi-Yue Chen, Long-long Cao, Mi Lin, Chao-Hui Zheng, Zhi-wei Zhou, Chang-Ming HuangAbstractObjectiveTo investigate the factors related to positive surgical margins of gastric cancer and their correlation with the prognosis of these patients.MethodsThe clinicopathological data of gastric cancer patients undergoing gastrectomy were collected, and the relationship between surgical margins status and patient outcome was analyzed.ResultsA total of...
Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology (EJSO) - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Authors: Kim YJ, Chung WC, Youn GJ, Jun KH, Chin HM Abstract OBJECTIVE: the administration of adjuvant chemotherapy after a curative resection is accepted as the standard treatment to improve the prognosis of advanced gastric cancer. Nevertheless, the prognosis of recurrence-related gastric cancer is still not clinically satisfactory. We aimed to assess the therapeutic yield of a radical gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy (R0 resection) and the completion of adjuvant chemotherapy. The predictive risk factors for recurrence were also assessed. METHODS: a retrospective cohort study was designed with patients dia...
Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research
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