Combined application of pharamcokinetic DCE-MRI and IVIM-DWI could improve detection efficiency in early diagnosis of ductal carcinoma in situ.

This study aimed to use pharamcokinetic dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) and intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted imaging (IVIM-DWI) for the early diagnosis of DCIS. METHODS: Forty-seven patients, including 25 with DCIS (age: 28-70 yr, mean age: 48.7 yr) and 22 with benign disease (age: 25-67 yr, mean age: 43.1 yr) confirmed by pathology, underwent pharamcokinetic DCE-MRI and IVIM-DWI in this study. The quantitative parameters Ktrans , Kep , Ve , Vp , and D, f, D* were obtained by processing of DCE-MRI and IVIM-DWI images with Omni-Kinetics and MITK-Diffusion softwares, respectively. Parameters were analyzed statistically using GraphPad Prism and MedCalc softwares. RESULTS: All low-grade DCIS lesions demonstrated mass enhancement with clear boundaries, while most middle-grade and high-grade DCIS lesions showed non-mass-like enhancement (NMLE). DCIS lesions were significantly different from benign lesions in terms of Ktrans , Kep , and D (t = 5.959, P 
Source: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics - Category: Physics Authors: Tags: J Appl Clin Med Phys Source Type: research

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Conclusions: The ADC-min values are significantly different among IDC, IDC-DCIS, and DCIS, with the lowest ADC-min values in IDC, followed by IDC-DCIS and DCIS. The ADC-min maybe used as a promising parameter to differentiate DCIS and invasive cancer.
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 June 2019Source: European Journal of RadiologyAuthor(s): Min Sun Bae, Blanca Bernard-Davila, Janice S. Sung, Elizabeth A. MorrisAbstractPurposeTo determine preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features associated with positive or close margins in patients with breast cancer who underwent breast-conserving surgery (BCS).Materials and methodsA retrospective review identified 249 patients with invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) who underwent preoperative MRI and BCS as a primary procedure between 2008 and 2010. The MR images were reviewed for descriptions of findings with no new int...
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: MRI is the best predictor of tumor size in breast cancer. Histologic type and tumor size are key parameters when estimating tumor size and should be taken into account when planning surgery. Patient age does not interfere with the interpretation of imaging tests. PMID: 31186117 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cirugia eEspanola - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Cir Esp Source Type: research
Conclusions: In early stage and in situ breast carcinoma, therapeutic nipple-sparing mastectomy appears oncologically safe, with a locoregional recurrence rate of 2.0 percent. Tumor-to-nipple distances of 1 cm or less and 2 cm or less trended to higher recurrence rates. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Risk, III.
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusion: The texture analysis for breast DCE-MRI proposed in this study demonstrated potential utility in HER2 2+ status discrimination. Background Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) is an orphan tyrosine kinase receptor. It is reported that HER2 is overexpressed in 15–20% of breast cancers. Overexpression of HER2 in breast cancer correlates with shortened disease-free survival. Compared with HER2-negative patients, patients with HER2-positive breast cancers have a poor prognosis, a high probability of lymph node metastasis and a high risk of recurrence (1–3). However, previous studies h...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Rimareix F, Bonastre J, Garbay JR Abstract PURPOSE: We evaluated the addition of breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to standard radiologic evaluation on the re-intervention rate in women with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) undergoing breast-conserving surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Women with biopsy-proven DCIS corresponding to a unifocal microcalcification cluster or a mass less than 30 mm were randomly assigned to undergo MRI or standard evaluation. The primary end point was the re-intervention rate for positive or close margins (
Source: Clinical Breast Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: J Clin Oncol Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to review the literature on the main presentations of DCIS on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), through searches of the Medline/PubMed, Latin-American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information (Lilacs), and Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) databases. DCIS can occur in its pure form or in conjunction with invasive disease, in the same lesion, in different foci, or in the contralateral breast. MRI has a high sensitivity for the detection of pure DCIS, being able to identify the non-calcified component, and its accuracy increases with the nuclear grade of the lesion. The ...
Source: Radiologia Brasileira - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
This article describes the rationale to use MRI in general, and abbreviated MRI in particular, for breast cancer screening. PMID: 30691370 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Annual Review of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Annu Rev Med Source Type: research
Conclusion: CEDM demonstrated a diagnostic performance comparable with CEMRI in depicting index cancers, secondary cancers, and occult cancer in the contralateral breast. CEDM demonstrated similar changes in surgical management compared with CEMRI. PMID: 30607168 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Breast Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Breast Cancer Source Type: research
ConclusionsHigh-risk women with greater than minimal BPE at screening MRI have increased risk of future breast cancer.
Source: Academic Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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