Night work and postpartum depression: a national register-based cohort study.

Conclusion Overall, our results do not support night work during pregnancy as a risk factor for severe PPD among hospital employees. However, we observed a 2-fold increased risk of PPD among women who stopped working night shifts after the first pregnancy trimester. This may reflect the influence of the healthy worker survivor effect and warrants further attention. PMID: 31125110 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - Category: Occupational Health Authors: Tags: Scand J Work Environ Health Source Type: research

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In utero MRI does not need to replace ultrasound as the modality of choice...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: How does chemo during pregnancy affect child development? Fetal MRI can spot early brain abnormality MRI shows maternal depression meds affect babies' brains MRI links blood flow to brain development in preterm babies MRI scans during 1st trimester of pregnancy are safe
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
Conclusion Overall, our results do not support night work during pregnancy as a risk factor for severe PPD among hospital employees. However, we observed a 2-fold increased risk of PPD among women who stopped working night shifts after the first pregnancy trimester. This may reflect the influence of the healthy worker survivor effect and warrants further attention.byHammer P, Hageman I, Garde A, Begtrup L, Flachs E, Hansen J, Hansen Å, Hougaard K, Kolstad H, Larsen A, Pinborg A, Specht I, Bonde JP. doi:10.5271/sjweh.3832
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - Category: Occupational Health Tags: Original article Source Type: research
sanne R. de Rooij Antenatal depression is associated with an increased risk of offspring neuro-developmental disorders, potentially as a consequence of an altered brain development in utero. We hypothesized that reducing maternal depression by Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) during pregnancy may ameliorate the offspring’s brain (micro)structural outcomes. 54 pregnant women with a diagnosed clinical depression were randomly allocated to CBT or Treatment as Usual (TAU), showing moderate to large depression symptom improvements after CBT. In 16 of their children (69% boys, N(TAU) = 8, N(CBT) = 8, mean age = 5...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Chemotherapy performed on women during pregnancy could adversely affect long-term...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: MRI brain scans show benefits of prenatal folic acid Fetal MRI can spot early brain abnormality MRI shows maternal depression meds affect babies' brains MRI links blood flow to brain development in preterm babies MRI scans during 1st trimester of pregnancy are safe
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
Conclusions: Magnesium sulfate is an important adjuvant drug in the practice of anesthesia, with several clinical effects and a low incidence of adverse events when used at recommended doses. Introduction Magnesium is the fourth most common ion in the body, and it participates in several cellular processes, including protein synthesis, neuromuscular function and stability of nucleic acid, as well as regulating other electrolytes such as calcium and sodium. Magnesium acts as a cofactor in protein synthesis, neuromuscular function and stability and the function of nucleic acids. It is a component of adenosine 5-triph...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In this study, a link between mitochondrial changes and infant temperament has also been suggested. Maternal psychosocial stress and lifetime trauma have been associated with decreased mitochondrial DNA copy number in the placenta (115, 116).IndividualityChronic stress links changes in the epigenetic landscape with health conditions (117). Different cell types are characterized by distinct patterns of gene expression due to developmental, environmental, physiological, and pathological reasons (117). Epigenetic mechanisms affect gene function in a dynamic way as a result of different environmental exposures during fetal dev...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusion It is clear that clinically, there is still much to be learnt about alexithymia and its relationship with a range of related phenomena. Firstly, is alexithymia a continuous and stable trait independent of psychological or somatic symptomology that is developed during childhood? Or is it instead a reactive state induced by trauma and distress at any age, which serves to defend against intense and upsetting emotions? This impacts on treatment options. For example, should we be focussing on early childhood interventions which target the child's emotional environment and parenting to encourage emotional exp...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionThere is growing evidence of the considerable impact of fear of childbirth on women's health and well ‐being, but prevalence reports of high and severe fear of childbirth and reported risk factors have been inconsistent in various studies. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the prevalence of high and severe fear of childbirth, and to identify risk factors of childbirth fear.Material and methodsA cross ‐sectional study was conducted among a convenience sample of 882 pregnant women attending antenatal care in Cork, Ireland. Fear of childbirth was assessed using the Wijma Delivery Expectancy Ques...
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionThere is growing evidence of the considerable impact of fear of childbirth on women's health and well ‐being, but prevalence reports of high and severe fear of childbirth and reported risk factors have been inconsistent in various studies. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the prevalence of high and severe fear of childbirth, and to identify risk factors of childbirth fear.Material and methodsA cross ‐sectional study was conducted among a convenience sample of 882 pregnant women attending antenatal care in Cork, Ireland. Fear of childbirth was assessed using the Wijma Delivery Expectancy Ques...
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
Depression and anxiety during the third trimester of pregnancy may affect early brain development, reports astudy published today inJAMA Pediatrics. The study suggests that the intensity of maternal depressive and/or anxious symptoms influences the density of the infants ’ white matter—bundles of nerve fibers that connect various brain regions.“Maternal depression and anxiety are known to adversely affect child behavioral and emotional outcomes,” wrote Douglas Dean III, Ph.D., of the University of Wisconsin-Madison and colleagues. “[O]ur findings show that neural pathways may differ in these c...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: brain development Douglas C. Dean III JAMA Pediatrics maternal anxiety maternal depression newborn white matter Source Type: research
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