Persistent and changing job strain and risk of coronary heart disease. A population-based cohort study of 1.6 million employees in Denmark
Conclusions Job strain is associated with a higher risk of incident CHD in Denmark. As we used a JEM, we can rule out reporting bias. However, under- or overestimation of associations is possible due to non-differential misclassification of job strain and residual confounding by socioeconomic position.byRugulies R, Framke E, S ørensen JK, Svane-Petersen AC, Alexanderson K, Bonde JP, Farrants K, Flachs EM, Magnusson Hanson LL, Nyberg ST, Kivimäki M, Madsen IEH. doi:10.5271/sjweh.3890 (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - March 23, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Persistent and changing job strain and risk of coronary heart disease. A population-based cohort study of 1.6 million employees in Denmark.
Conclusions Job strain is associated with a higher risk of incident CHD in Denmark. As we used a JEM, we can rule out reporting bias. However, under- or overestimation of associations is possible due to non-differential misclassification of job strain and residual confounding by socioeconomic position. PMID: 32202306 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - March 23, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Rugulies R, Framke E, Sørensen JK, Svane-Petersen AC, Alexanderson K, Bonde JP, Farrants K, Flachs EM, Magnusson Hanson LL, Nyberg ST, Kivimäki M, Madsen IE Tags: Scand J Work Environ Health Source Type: research

Association of long working hours with accidents and suicide mortality in Korea
Conclusions Long working hours are associated with higher suicide mortality rates in Korea.byLee H-E, Kim I, Kim H-R, Kawachi I. doi:10.5271/sjweh.3889 (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - February 25, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Association of long working hours with accidents and suicide mortality in Korea.
Conclusions Long working hours are associated with higher suicide mortality rates in Korea. PMID: 32096547 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - February 25, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Lee HE, Kim I, Kim HR, Kawachi I Tags: Scand J Work Environ Health Source Type: research

Psychosocial working characteristics before retirement and depressive symptoms across the retirement transition: a longitudinal latent class analysis
Conclusions We observed a rather positive development of depressive symptoms across retirement in a sample o f Swedish retirees. For a small group with poor psychosocial working characteristics, symptoms clearly decreased, which may indicate that a relief from poor working characteristics is associated with an improvement for some retirees. However, for other retirees poor working characteristics were asso ciated with persistent symptoms, suggesting a long-term effect of these work stressors.byÅhlin JK, Peristera P, Westerlund H, Magnusson Hanson LL. doi:10.5271/sjweh.3888 (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - February 24, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Psychosocial working characteristics before retirement and depressive symptoms across the retirement transition: a longitudinal latent class analysis.
Conclusions We observed a rather positive development of depressive symptoms across retirement in a sample of Swedish retirees. For a small group with poor psychosocial working characteristics, symptoms clearly decreased, which may indicate that a relief from poor working characteristics is associated with an improvement for some retirees. However, for other retirees poor working characteristics were associated with persistent symptoms, suggesting a long-term effect of these work stressors. PMID: 32091111 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - February 24, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Åhlin JK, Peristera P, Westerlund H, Magnusson Hanson LL Tags: Scand J Work Environ Health Source Type: research

Neurodevelopmental disorders among young adults and the risk of sickness absence and disability pension: a nationwide register linkage study
Conclusions Early-onset neurodevelopmental dis orders, particularly with comorbidity, have a far-reaching impact on adult life in terms of SA and DP.byVirtanen M, Lallukka T, Kivim äki M, Alexanderson K, Ervasti J, Mittendorfer-Rutz E. doi:10.5271/sjweh.3885 (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - February 20, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Neurodevelopmental disorders among young adults and the risk of sickness absence and disability pension: a nationwide register linkage study.
Conclusions Early-onset neurodevelopmental disorders, particularly with comorbidity, have a far-reaching impact on adult life in terms of SA and DP. PMID: 32076730 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - February 20, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Virtanen M, Lallukka T, Kivimäki M, Alexanderson K, Ervasti J, Mittendorfer-Rutz E Tags: Scand J Work Environ Health Source Type: research

The effects of the number of consecutive night shifts on sleep duration and quality
Conclusion Sleep duration was reduced after night shift work and did not increase with more consecutive night shifts, which leads to accumulated sleep debt. Sleep duration was shortest and sleep quality was poorest after the last night shift in a series of night shifts.byGarde AH, Nabe-Nielsen K, Jensen MA, Kristiansen J, S ørensen JK, Hansen ÅM. doi:10.5271/sjweh.3887 (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - January 30, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Original article Source Type: research

The mediating effect of work-life interference on the relationship between work-time control and depressive and musculoskeletal symptoms
Conclusions Our results suggest that WLI mediates part of the effect from WTC to mental/musculoskeletal symptoms, but smal l estimates suggest that (i) WTC plays a small but consistent role in effects on health and (ii) particularly regarding musculoskeletal disorders, other causal directions and mediators need to be further examined.byAlbrecht SC, Kecklund G, Leineweber C. doi:10.5271/sjweh.3878 (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - January 30, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Original article Source Type: research

The effects of the number of consecutive night shifts on sleep duration and quality.
Conclusion Sleep duration was reduced after night shift work and did not increase with more consecutive night shifts, which leads to accumulated sleep debt. Sleep duration was shortest and sleep quality was poorest after the last night shift in a series of night shifts. PMID: 32055864 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - January 30, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Garde AH, Nabe-Nielsen K, Jensen MA, Kristiansen J, Sørensen JK, Hansen ÅM Tags: Scand J Work Environ Health Source Type: research

Occupational chemical exposures in pregnancy and fetal growth: evidence from the Born in Bradford Study
Objectives This prospective birth cohort study evaluated the effect of occupational exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDC) during pregnancy on inadequate fetal growth as measured by small-for-gestational age (SGA) and inadequate fetal growth measured by percentage of optimal birth weight (POBW). The study also identified the maternal characteristics associated with an increased risk of exposure to EDC. Methods We studied 4142 pregnant women who were in paid employment during pregnancy and participated in a population-based, prospective 2007–2011 birth cohort study, the Born in Bradford Study, with an esti...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - January 23, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Occupational chemical exposures in pregnancy and fetal growth: evidence from the Born in Bradford Study.
Abstract Objectives This prospective birth cohort study evaluated the effect of occupational exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDC) during pregnancy on inadequate fetal growth as measured by small-for-gestational age (SGA) and inadequate fetal growth measured by percentage of optimal birth weight (POBW). The study also identified the maternal characteristics associated with an increased risk of exposure to EDC. Methods We studied 4142 pregnant women who were in paid employment during pregnancy and participated in a population-based, prospective 2007-2011 birth cohort study, the Born in Bradford Study, wi...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - January 23, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Shirangi A, Wright J, Blair EM, McEachan RR, Nieuwenhuijsen MJ Tags: Scand J Work Environ Health Source Type: research

Risk of work-related hand eczema in relation to wet work exposure
This study is a case–referent study including patients registered in the National Database of Contact Allergy, Denmark, and comprises data on sex, a ge, atopic dermatitis, HE, face eczema and patch testing results. Patients with HE served as cases and patients with facial eczema served as referents. Information on profession was retrieved from the DOC*X database in accordance with the DISCO-88 classification system. A wet-work-specific JEM provi des – for each profession – an estimate for (i) the likelihood of wet work lasting ≥2 hours/day and (ii) the average number of hours of wet work per day. Resu...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - January 20, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Risk of work-related hand eczema in relation to wet work exposure.
This study is a case-referent study including patients registered in the National Database of Contact Allergy, Denmark, and comprises data on sex, age, atopic dermatitis, HE, face eczema and patch testing results. Patients with HE served as cases and patients with facial eczema served as referents. Information on profession was retrieved from the DOC*X database in accordance with the DISCO-88 classification system. A wet-work-specific JEM provides - for each profession - an estimate for (i) the likelihood of wet work lasting ≥2 hours/day and (ii) the average number of hours of wet work per day. Results After two hours o...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - January 20, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Lund T, Petersen SB, Flachs EM, Ebbehøj NE, Bonde JP, Agner T Tags: Scand J Work Environ Health Source Type: research

Advancing mediation analysis in occupational health research
In recent years, mediation analysis has become a popular means to identify and quantify pathways linking an exposure to an outcome, thereby elucidating how a particular exposure contributes to the occurrence of a specific outcome. When a mediator is a modifiable risk factor, this opens up new opportunities for interventions to block (part) of the exposure`s effect on the outcome. Recent examples in Scandinavian Journal of Work Environment Health have addressed the mediating effect of wellbeing on the association between type of office and job satisfaction (1) and examined whether workplace social capital contributes to the...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - January 17, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Advancing mediation analysis in occupational health research.
PMID: 31950195 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - January 17, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Groeniger JO, Burdorf A Tags: Scand J Work Environ Health Source Type: research

The effect of training for a participatory ergonomic intervention on physical exertion and musculoskeletal pain among childcare workers (the TOY-project) – a wait-list cluster-randomized controlled trial
Conclusion This 20-week training for a participatory ergonomic intervention in childcare workers did not show effects on physical exertion and MSP, but was both feasible and effective in reducing MSP-related sickness absence.byRasmussen CDN, S ørensen OH, van der Beek AJ, Holtermann A. doi:10.5271/sjweh.3881 (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - January 16, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Metabolic syndrome – a risk factor for all-cause disability pension: a prospective study based on the Swedish WOLF cohort
Conclusion This study demonstrates an increased risk for all-cause disability pension, even after adjustment for other risk factors, among Swedish employees with metabolic syndrome compared to those withou t at baseline.byLid én E, Karlsson B, Torén K, Andersson E. doi:10.5271/sjweh.3883 (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - January 16, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Risk of being granted disability pension among incident cancer patients before and after a structural pension reform: A Danish population-based, matched cohort study
Conclusion The 2013 reform of the Disability Pensio n Act reduced the risk of cancer patients being granted DP. The impact on a personal level should be further explored.byPedersen P, Aagesen M, Tang LH, Bruun NH, Zwisler A-D, Stapelfeldt CM. doi:10.5271/sjweh.3879 (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - January 13, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Risk of being granted disability pension among incident cancer patients before and after a structural pension reform: A Danish population-based, matched cohort study.
Conclusion The 2013 reform of the Disability Pension Act reduced the risk of cancer patients being granted DP. The impact on a personal level should be further explored. PMID: 31930408 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - January 13, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Pedersen P, Aagesen M, Tang LH, Bruun NH, Zwisler AD, Stapelfeldt CM Tags: Scand J Work Environ Health Source Type: research

Cancer incidence among seafarers and fishermen in the Nordic countries
Conclusion In our cohort, seafaring was associated with a higher overall incidence of cancer compared to the general population. While the majority of cancers could not be linked to specific occupational facto rs, increases in mesothelioma, lip and non-melanoma-skin cancer indicate previous exposure to asbestos, ultraviolet radiation and potentially also chemicals with dermal carcinogenic properties at sea.byUgelvig Petersen K, Pukkala E, Martinsen JI, Lynge E, Tryggvadottir L, Weiderpass E, Kj ærheim K, Heikkinen S, Hansen J. doi:10.5271/sjweh.3877 (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - January 9, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Cancer incidence among seafarers and fishermen in the Nordic countries.
Conclusion In our cohort, seafaring was associated with a higher overall incidence of cancer compared to the general population. While the majority of cancers could not be linked to specific occupational factors, increases in mesothelioma, lip and non-melanoma-skin cancer indicate previous exposure to asbestos, ultraviolet radiation and potentially also chemicals with dermal carcinogenic properties at sea. PMID: 31917456 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - January 9, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Ugelvig Petersen K, Pukkala E, Martinsen JI, Lynge E, Tryggvadottir L, Weiderpass E, Kjærheim K, Heikkinen S, Hansen J Tags: Scand J Work Environ Health Source Type: research

Work-related exposure to violence or threats and risk of mental disorders and symptoms: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Conclusion The reviewed studies consistently indicate associations b etween workplace violence and mental health problems. However, due to methodological limitations the causal associations (if any) may be stronger or weaker than the ones reported in this study. Prospective studies with independent and validated reporting of exposure and outcome and repeated follow-u p with relevant intervals are highly warranted.byRudkjoebing LA, Bungum AB, Flachs EM, Eller NH, Borritz M, Aust B, Rugulies R, Rod NH, Biering K, Bonde JP. doi:10.5271/sjweh.3880 (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - January 7, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Review Source Type: research

Work-related exposure to violence or threats and risk of mental disorders and symptoms: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Conclusion The reviewed studies consistently indicate associations between workplace violence and mental health problems. However, due to methodological limitations the causal associations (if any) may be stronger or weaker than the ones reported in this study. Prospective studies with independent and validated reporting of exposure and outcome and repeated follow-up with relevant intervals are highly warranted. PMID: 31909816 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - January 7, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Rudkjoebing LA, Bungum AB, Flachs EM, Eller NH, Borritz M, Aust B, Rugulies R, Rod NH, Biering K, Bonde JP Tags: Scand J Work Environ Health Source Type: research

How leadership behaviors influence the effects of job predictability and perceived employability on employee mental health – a multilevel, prospective study
Conclusions Leadership behaviors did not moderate the effects of job predictability and future employability on mental health. However, employees embedded within work-units characterized by fair, empowering and supportive leadership behaviors had a lower risk of subsequent mental distress.byFl øvik L, Knardahl S, Christensen JO. doi:10.5271/sjweh.3882 (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - January 6, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Original article Source Type: research

How leadership behaviors influence the effects of job predictability and perceived employability on employee mental health - a multilevel, prospective study.
Conclusions Leadership behaviors did not moderate the effects of job predictability and future employability on mental health. However, employees embedded within work-units characterized by fair, empowering and supportive leadership behaviors had a lower risk of subsequent mental distress. PMID: 31905242 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - January 6, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Flovik L, Knardahl S, Christensen JO Tags: Scand J Work Environ Health Source Type: research

Inpatient multimodal occupational rehabilitation reduces sickness absence among individuals with musculoskeletal and common mental health disorders: a randomized clinical trial
Conclusions Among individuals on long-term SA due to musculoskeletal and common mental health disorders, a 3.5-wee k I-MORE program reduced SA compared with 6 weekly sessions of O-ACT in the year after inclusion. Studies with longer follow-up and economic evaluations should be performed.byGismervik S Ø, Aasdahl L, Vasseljen O, Fors EA, Rise MB, Johnsen R, Hara K, Jacobsen HB, Pape K, Fleten N, Jensen C, Fimland MS. doi:10.5271/sjweh.3875 (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - January 5, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Original article Source Type: research

What is precarious employment? A systematic review of definitions and operationalizations from quantitative and qualitative studies
Conclusions Despite a growing number of studies on PE, most fail to clearly define the concept, severely restricting the advancement of the research of PE as a social determin ant of health. Our combined theoretical and empirical review suggests that a common multidimensional definition could be developed and deployed in different labor market contexts using a variety of methodological approaches.byKreshpaj B, Orellana C, Burstr öm B, Davis L, Hemmingsson T, Johansson G, Kjellberg K, Jonnson J, Wegman DH, Bodin T. doi:10.5271/sjweh.3874 (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - January 5, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Review Source Type: research

What is precarious employment? A systematic review of definitions and operationalizations from quantitative and qualitative studies.
Conclusions Despite a growing number of studies on PE, most fail to clearly define the concept, severely restricting the advancement of the research of PE as a social determinant of health. Our combined theoretical and empirical review suggests that a common multidimensional definition could be developed and deployed in different labor market contexts using a variety of methodological approaches. PMID: 31901944 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - January 5, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Kreshpaj B, Orellana C, Burström B, Davis L, Hemmingsson T, Johansson G, Kjellberg K, Jonnson J, Wegman DH, Bodin T Tags: Scand J Work Environ Health Source Type: research

Inpatient multimodal occupational rehabilitation reduces sickness absence among individuals with musculoskeletal and common mental health disorders: a randomized clinical trial.
Conclusions Among individuals on long-term SA due to musculoskeletal and common mental health disorders, a 3.5-week I-MORE program reduced SA compared with 6 weekly sessions of O-ACT in the year after inclusion. Studies with longer follow-up and economic evaluations should be performed. PMID: 31901945 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - January 5, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Gismervik SØ, Aasdahl L, Vasseljen O, Fors EA, Rise MB, Johnsen R, Hara K, Jacobsen HB, Pape K, Fleten N, Jensen C, Fimland MS Tags: Scand J Work Environ Health Source Type: research

Physical workload, long-term sickness absence, and the role of social capital. Multi-level analysis of a large occupation cohort
Conclusions We found a prospective relation between physical workload and LTSA but no evidence of high social capital buffe ring the effect of high physical workload. High physical workload was a risk factor for LTSA at all levels of social capital and employees exposed to both exposures had the highest risk of LTSA. Interventions should aim at both improving social capital and reducing physical workload in order to effi ciently prevent LTSA.byT örök E, Clark AJ, Ersbøll AK, Bjorner JB, Holtermann A, Rugulies R, LaMontagne AD, Milner A, Rod NH. doi:10.5271/sjweh.3873 (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, ...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - December 16, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Physical workload, long-term sickness absence, and the role of social capital. Multi-level analysis of a large occupation cohort.
Conclusions We found a prospective relation between physical workload and LTSA but no evidence of high social capital buffering the effect of high physical workload. High physical workload was a risk factor for LTSA at all levels of social capital and employees exposed to both exposures had the highest risk of LTSA. Interventions should aim at both improving social capital and reducing physical workload in order to efficiently prevent LTSA. PMID: 31840767 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - December 16, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Török E, Clark AJ, Ersbøll AK, Bjorner JB, Holtermann A, Rugulies R, LaMontagne AD, Milner A, Rod NH Tags: Scand J Work Environ Health Source Type: research

Effectiveness of adding a workplace intervention to an inpatient multimodal occupational rehabilitation program: A randomized clinical trial
Conclusions Thi s study provided no evidence in favor of I-MORE+WI compared to only I-MORE for long-term sickness absent individuals with musculoskeletal-, common mental- or unspecified disorders.bySkagseth M, Fimland MS, Rise MB, Johnsen R, Borchgrevink PC, Aasdahl L. doi:10.5271/sjweh.3872 (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - December 13, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Effectiveness of adding a workplace intervention to an inpatient multimodal occupational rehabilitation program: A randomized clinical trial.
Conclusions This study provided no evidence in favor of I-MORE+WI compared to only I-MORE for long-term sickness absent individuals with musculoskeletal-, common mental- or unspecified disorders. PMID: 31834410 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - December 13, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Skagseth M, Fimland MS, Rise MB, Johnsen R, Borchgrevink PC, Aasdahl L Tags: Scand J Work Environ Health Source Type: research

Shift work and use of psychotropic medicine: a follow-up study with register linkage
Conclusions Results did not support that working in shifts to the extent that is currently practiced in Denmark is associated with an increased incidence of overall psychotropic medicine use. Future studies should test, whether there is a differential incidence for different drugs among shift workers as suggested by the secondary analyses and how psychotropic medicine use and mental health are related.byAlbertsen K, Hannerz H, Nielsen ML, Garde AH. doi:10.5271/sjweh.3871 (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - December 12, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Shift work and use of psychotropic medicine: a follow-up study with register linkage.
Conclusions Results did not support that working in shifts to the extent that is currently practiced in Denmark is associated with an increased incidence of overall psychotropic medicine use. Future studies should test, whether there is a differential incidence for different drugs among shift workers as suggested by the secondary analyses and how psychotropic medicine use and mental health are related. PMID: 31830281 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - December 12, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Albertsen K, Hannerz H, Nielsen ML, Garde AH Tags: Scand J Work Environ Health Source Type: research

Health economic evaluations of interventions to increase physical activity and decrease sedentary behavior at the workplace: a systematic review
Conclusions Due to small effects and uncerta in impact on costs, the economic evidence of worksite PA/SB-interventions remains unclear. Future studies are needed to determine effective strategies. The HEE of such interventions should be developed using guidelines and validated measures for productivity costs. Additionally, studies should model the long-term costs and effects because of the long pay-back time of PA/SB interventions.byNathanael Lutz, Peter Clarys, Ir ène Koenig, Tom Deliens, Jan Taeymans, Verhaeghe N. doi:10.5271/sjweh.3869 (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - December 10, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Review Source Type: research

Health economic evaluations of interventions to increase physical activity and decrease sedentary behavior at the workplace: a systematic review.
Conclusions Due to small effects and uncertain impact on costs, the economic evidence of worksite PA/SB-interventions remains unclear. Future studies are needed to determine effective strategies. The HEE of such interventions should be developed using guidelines and validated measures for productivity costs. Additionally, studies should model the long-term costs and effects because of the long pay-back time of PA/SB interventions. PMID: 31820003 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - December 10, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Verhaeghe N Tags: Scand J Work Environ Health Source Type: research

Is the association between poor job control and common mental disorder explained by general perceptions of control? Findings from an Australian longitudinal cohort
Conclusions Individuals’ general perceptions of control in life does not account for the association between low job control and poor mental health. The findings add a new layer of evidence to the literature demonstrating that lack of autonomy at work is an independent predictor of employees’ mental health. Increasing employee control should be integrated into workplace strategies to promote mental health.byToo LS, Leach L, Butterworth P. doi:10.5271/sjweh.3865 (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - December 5, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Do gender and psychosocial job stressors modify the relationship between disability and sickness absence: An investigation using 12 waves of a longitudinal cohort
This study examined the causal effect of disability on sickness absence and the role of psychosocial job stressors and gender as effect modifiers. Methods Data on paid and unpaid sick leave, disability (yes/no) and psychosocial job stressors were available from 2005 to 2017 from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) survey. Negative binomial models were used to model the rate of sickness absence in a year. Results In the random effects model, workers with disability had 1.20 greater rate of sickness absence in a year [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.17–1.23, P (Source: Scandinavian Journal ...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - December 5, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Do gender and psychosocial job stressors modify the relationship between disability and sickness absence: An investigation using 12 waves of a longitudinal cohort.
This study examined the causal effect of disability on sickness absence and the role of psychosocial job stressors and gender as effect modifiers. Methods Data on paid and unpaid sick leave, disability (yes/no) and psychosocial job stressors were available from 2005 to 2017 from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) survey. Negative binomial models were used to model the rate of sickness absence in a year. Results In the random effects model, workers with disability had 1.20 greater rate of sickness absence in a year [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.17-1.23, P
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - December 5, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Milner A, Aitken Z, Byars S, Butterworth P, Kavanagh A Tags: Scand J Work Environ Health Source Type: research

Is the association between poor job control and common mental disorder explained by general perceptions of control? Findings from an Australian longitudinal cohort.
Conclusions Individuals' general perceptions of control in life does not account for the association between low job control and poor mental health. The findings add a new layer of evidence to the literature demonstrating that lack of autonomy at work is an independent predictor of employees' mental health. Increasing employee control should be integrated into workplace strategies to promote mental health. PMID: 31805200 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - December 5, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Too LS, Leach L, Butterworth P Tags: Scand J Work Environ Health Source Type: research

Shift work and physical inactivity: findings from the Finnish Public Sector Study with objective working hour data
Conclusions Both survey and objective working hour data revealed that workers having work schedules with night shifts were mo re likely to be physically active. Having small children was a risk factor for physical inactivity among shift workers.byCheng W-J, H ärmä M, Ropponen A, Karhula K, Koskinen A, ­Oksanen T. doi:10.5271/sjweh.3870 (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - December 2, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Shift work and physical inactivity: findings from the Finnish Public Sector Study with objective working hour data.
Conclusions Both survey and objective working hour data revealed that workers having work schedules with night shifts were more likely to be physically active. Having small children was a risk factor for physical inactivity among shift workers. PMID: 31788701 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - December 2, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Cheng WJ, Härmä M, Ropponen A, Karhula K, Koskinen A, Oksanen T Tags: Scand J Work Environ Health Source Type: research

Trends and success stories in research on occupational and environmental health
The headline in a main Finnish newspaper on 16 November announced: “Trust and interest for published science has increased in Finland”. I would have hypothesized that evidence-based knowledge was losing the game against the rush of non-scientific and commercial information – but I was wrong. A 3-year follow-up survey among the Finland population was clear on this. Could the growth in electronic and social media information actually be causing people to search for knowledge based on scientific facts? Forty-five years have passed since the publication of the first issue of the Scandinavian Journal of Work...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - November 29, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Trends and success stories in research on occupational and environmental health.
auml; M PMID: 31781774 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - November 29, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Härmä M Tags: Scand J Work Environ Health Source Type: research

Predicting residential radon concentrations in Finland: Model development, validation, and application to childhood leukemia
Conclusions Our modelling and the previously published models performed similarly but involves major uncertainties, and the results should be interpreted with caution. We observed a slight non-significant increase in risk of childhood leukemia related to higher average indoor radon concentrations.byNikkil ä A, Arvela H, Mehtonen J, Raitanen J, Heinäniemi M, Lohi O, Auvinen A. doi:10.5271/sjweh.3866 (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - November 25, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Predicting residential radon concentrations in Finland: Model development, validation, and application to childhood leukemia.
Conclusions Our modelling and the previously published models performed similarly but involves major uncertainties, and the results should be interpreted with caution. We observed a slight non-significant increase in risk of childhood leukemia related to higher average indoor radon concentrations. PMID: 31763683 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - November 25, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Nikkilä A, Arvela H, Mehtonen J, Raitanen J, Heinäniemi M, Lohi O, Auvinen A Tags: Scand J Work Environ Health Source Type: research

The impact of ambient temperature on the incidence of urolithiasis: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Objective This review aimed to confirm the association between ambient temperature and incidence of urolithiasis and evaluate the impact thereof. Methods A systematic literature review was performed up to September 2019 using multiple databases. The effect of temperature on urolithiasis risk was assessed using risk ratio (RR). Pearson correlation coefficient (Pearson’s r) was used to evaluate the linear association between ambient tempe rature and urolithiasis incidence. The non-linear association between climatic temperature and the urolithiasis incidence was also evaluated. Results Twenty-four studies related to...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - November 20, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Review Source Type: research