Serum IgE and IgG reactivity to Aspergillus recombinant antigens in patients with cystic fibrosis.

CONCLUSION: The use of multiple recombinant antigens may improve the diagnostic accuracy in CF complicated with ABPA or AB. Asp f1 reactivity may relate to the presence of actively growing Aspergillus spp., which might be a useful marker for guiding antifungal therapy in ABPA. PMID: 31090534 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: J Med Microbiol Source Type: research

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Authors: Yoshie S, Omori K, Hazama A Abstract induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells can be differentiated into various cell types, including airway epithelial cells, since they have the capacity for self-renewal and pluripotency. Thus, airway epithelial cells generated from iPS cells are expected to be potent candidates for use in airway regeneration and the treatment of airway diseases such as cystic fibrosis (CF). Recently, it was reported that iPS cells can be differentiated into airway epithelial cells according to the airway developmental process. These studies demonstrate that airway epithelial cells generated...
Source: Channels - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Channels (Austin) Source Type: research
ConclusionIn asthma management, All the inhalation drugs in combination show better control and superior patients response in the management of asthma with more impact on economic aspects of the patients.
Source: Materials Today: Proceedings - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Authors: Pantin CT, Southworth T, Wetzel K, Singh D Abstract Background: Allergic rhinitis is characterized by nasal inflammation in response to allergen exposure. Nasal allergen challenges are used in clinical trials evaluating drug effects. Reproducibility of nasal secretion cytokine responses and physiological measurements are needed to determine the optimum measurements and power calculations for future studies. We have investigated the reproducibility of nasal cytokine measurements, using ready-to-use polyvinyl acetate sponges to collect nasal secretions, and measurements of nasal physiological responses. ...
Source: Clinical Pharmacology: Advances and Applications - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Clin Pharmacol Source Type: research
This study covers fabrication and characterization of thymol-loaded nanofiber (TLNs) mats and evaluation of their potential to be used as novel antimould surface coating material for limitation of mould development of Aspergillus parasiticus on kashar cheese surface. Different ratios of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/whey protein (WP) were electrospun to yield cylindrical and fine (⁓370 nm in diameter) polymeric nanofiber mats. The fabricated nanofibers were characterized in terms of their zeta potential, electrical conductivity, molecular, thermal and morphological properties. These results revealed that there were inte...
Source: Food Packaging and Shelf Life - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Conclusion: Challenges with using and changing inhalers has meant this market has not followed other high-volume drug classes following patent loss. This is starting to change, with the situation monitored to enhance efficient prescribing alongside continued good quality care. PMID: 31189394 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Expert Rev Respir Med Source Type: research
Authors: Kubota M Abstract Recent evidence suggests that hyperuricemia is an important condition in children and adolescents, particularly in association with noncommunicable diseases. This review aims to summarize our current understanding of this condition in pediatric patients. An analysis of serum uric acid reference values in a healthy population indicates that they increase gradually with age until adolescence, with differences between the sexes arising at about 12 years of age. This information should be taken into consideration when defining hyperuricemia in studies. Gout is extremely rare in childre...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 June 2019Source: New Scientist, Volume 242, Issue 3234Author(s): Clare Wilson
Source: New Scientist - Category: Science Source Type: research
This article is an abridged version of the AWMF mould guideline “Medical clinical diagnostics of indoor mould exposure” presented in April 2016 by the German Society of Hygiene, Environmental Medicine and Preventive Medicine (Gesellschaft f ür Hygiene, Umweltmedizin und Präventivmedizin, GHUP), in collaboration with the above-mentioned scientific medical societies, German and Austrian societies, medical associations and experts. Indoor mould growth is a potential health risk, even if a quantitative and/or causal relationship between the occurrence of individual mould species and health problems has ye...
Source: Allergo Journal International - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Aspergillus fumigatus is a ubiquitous, filamentous and spore-bearing fungus which usually grows at 37 degrees Celsius. It can be an opportunistic pathogen and can induce an inflammatory response in the airways through the production of various toxic and allergenic exoproducts. As a consequence, the clinical presentation may take a number of forms: Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA), aspergillus bronchitis, invasive pulmonary aspergillosis and an aspergilloma. ABPA occurs almost exclusively in asthma or cystic fibrosis (CF) patients [1].
Source: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Cystic Fibrosis: Frequently Asked Questions Source Type: research
The clinical presentation of Aspergillus lung disease is determined by the interaction between fungus and host. Invasive aspergillosis develops in severely immunocompromised patients, including those with neutropenia, and increasingly in the non-neutropenic host, including lung transplant recipients, the critically ill patients and patients on steroids. A high index of suspicion is required in patients without the classical risk factors as early presentation is usually silent and non-specific, pyrexia uncommon and timely treatment is crucial for survival. Invasive aspergillosis has also been diagnosed in normal hosts after...
Source: Postgraduate Medical Journal - Category: Journals (General) Authors: Tags: Reviews Source Type: research
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