miR-1271 enhances the sensitivity of colorectal cancer cells to cisplatin.

miR-1271 enhances the sensitivity of colorectal cancer cells to cisplatin. Exp Ther Med. 2019 Jun;17(6):4363-4370 Authors: Yao H, Sun Q, Zhu J Abstract The high mortality of colorectal cancer (CRC) is likely caused by early invasion and metastasis. The chemoresistance of tumor cells is the critical reason for treatment failure. The present study aimed to develop targeted solutions to overcome chemotherapy drug resistance in CRC. CCK-8 assay was used to examine SW480 cell viability. SW480 cell apoptosis was examined using flow cytometry. The present study demonstrated that the expression of miR-1271 was significantly decreased in CRC tumors and cell lines compared with control tissues. Furthermore, the expression of microRNA (miR)-1271 was increased and decreased following the transfection of miR-1271 mimics and an inhibitor, respectively. Furthermore, miR-1271 regulated mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) expression by directly binding to the mTOR 3'-untranslated region and the relative luciferase activity of mTOR was decreased following miR-1271 overexpression. The results of the present study indicate that miR-1271 may be a potential target for anti-CRC therapy, particularly in the sensitivity of chemotherapeutic drugs. miR-1271 may therefore enhance the sensitivity of CRC cells to chemotherapy drugs and provide a novel approach for the gene therapy of CRC. PMID: 31086572 [PubMed]
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research

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In this study, we have successfully formulated oxaliplatin (OXL) and miRNA-204-5p loaded polyethyleneimine (PEI)/hyaluronic acid (HA)-assembled mesoporous silica nanoparticles (OXmi-HSMN). Our study, for the first time, proved that miRNA-204-5p can generate a synergistic anticancer effect with OXL with HMSN, and thus improve the effects of therapeutic efficacy in colon cancers. In vitro targeting studies showed that OXmi-HSMN exhibited higher uptake efficiency in CD44 receptor over-expressed HT-29 cells via CD44 receptor-mediated endocytosis. OXmi-HMSN exhibited a higher cell cytotoxicity compared to any other formulations...
Source: International Journal of Pharmaceutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Cancer Gene Therapy, Published online: 29 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41417-019-0102-1Interleukin-17A polymorphisms predict the response and development of tolerance to FOLFOX chemotherapy in colorectal cancer treatment
Source: Cancer Gene Therapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Sun W, Shen NM, Fu SL Abstract Cervical cancer (CC) develops, after human papillomavirus (HPV), an infection transmitted through sexual contact. Worldwide estimates are around>500,000 CC diagnoses and>300,000 related deaths annually, and CC remains the second most devastating type of cancers in women after breast cancer. Although the vaccine against HPV has reduced the incidence of infection and the treatment efficacy of the early-stage diagnoses has improved, many challenges remain in terms of treatment efficacy, during the late-stage and prevention of chemotherapy resistance development. Thus, new ...
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
Conclusions This review describes how leukocyte-heparanase can be a double-edged sword in tumor progression; it can enhance tumor immune surveillance and tumor cell clearance, but also promote tumor survival and growth. We also discuss the potential of using heparanase in leukocyte therapies against tumors, and the effects of heparanase inhibitors on tumor progression and immunity. We are just beginning to understand the influence of heparanase on a pro/anti-tumor immune response, and there are still many questions to answer. How do the pro/anti-tumorigenic effects of heparanase differ across different cancer types? Does...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Reena Goswami1, Gayatri Subramanian2, Liliya Silayeva1, Isabelle Newkirk1, Deborah Doctor1, Karan Chawla2, Saurabh Chattopadhyay2, Dhyan Chandra3, Nageswararao Chilukuri1 and Venkaiah Betapudi1,4* 1Neuroscience Branch, Research Division, United States Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense, Aberdeen, MD, United States 2Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of Toledo College of Medicine and Life Sciences, Toledo, OH, United States 3Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, Buffalo, NY, United States 4Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Case Western Reserve University, Clev...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Discussion Suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 is an essential molecule for maintaining immune homeostasis and subverting inflammation. Disorders arising from excess inflammation or SOCS1 deficiency can be potentially treated with SOCS1 mimetics (Ahmed et al., 2015). While SOCS1 has promising potential in many disorders, it should be noted that new targets and actions of SOCS1 are still being discovered and not all the effects of this protein are beneficial in autoimmune diseases and cancer. For instance, SOCS1 degrades IRS1 and IRS2, required for insulin signaling, via the SOCS Box domain, thus, limiting its potential in ...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study was designed to evaluate the effect of DmdNKΔC20 for sensitizing human cancer cell lines towards gemcitabine and to further investigate its role in reversal of acquired drug resistance in gemcitabine-resistant cancer cell line. The DmdNKΔC20 gene was delivered to three different cancer cell lines, including breast, colon and liver cancer cells, using lipid-mediated transfection reagent. After transfection, gene expression of DmdNKΔC20 was confirmed by reverse transcription quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) and the combined effect of DmdNKΔC20 and gemcitabine based cytotoxicity was observed by ce...
Source: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences - Category: General Medicine Tags: Bosn J Basic Med Sci Source Type: research
In this study, we show that calorie restriction is protective against age-related increases in senescence and microglia activation and pro-inflammatory cytokine expression in an animal model of aging. Further, these protective effects mitigated age-related decline in neuroblast and neuronal production, and enhanced olfactory memory performance, a behavioral index of neurogenesis in the SVZ. Our results support the concept that calorie restriction might be an effective anti-aging intervention in the context of healthy brain aging. Greater Modest Activity in Late Life Correlates with Lower Incidence of Dementia ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Abstract Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer of mortality in the world. Chemotherapy based treatment leads to innumerable side effects as it delivers the anticancer drug to both normal cells besides cancer cells. Sonic Hedgehog (SHH), Wnt wingless-type mouse mammary tumor virus/β-catenin, transforming growth factor-β/SMAD, epidermal growth factor receptor and Notch are the main signaling pathways involved in the progression of CRC. Targeted therapies necessitate information regarding the particular aberrant pathways. Advancements in gene therapies have resulted in the recognition of n...
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
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